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Based on public health role in flu epidemic, identify one ethical consideration and one cultural consideration for a public health response. What is the nurse's role in address each of these - Research Paper Example

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They are thus considered a threat to nations since they may affect more than one nation. However, the impacts of an epidemic are also unpredictable. When a flu epidemic occurs, certain restrictions such as…
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Based on public health role in flu epidemic, identify one ethical consideration and one cultural consideration for a public health response. What is the nurses role in address each of these
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Ethical and Cultural Consideration: Role of Nurses in Response to Flu Pandemic Introduction Epidemics are often unpredictable but result in morbidityand mortality. They are thus considered a threat to nations since they may affect more than one nation. However, the impacts of an epidemic are also unpredictable. When a flu epidemic occurs, certain restrictions such as of movement are imposed and have different consequences on the affected individual and countries. Moreover, certain ethical and cultural considerations that are involved in developing the public health response. This paper focuses on an ethical consideration and a cultural consideration for a public health response to flu epidemic based on public health role in. Moreover, the paper will demonstrate the role of a nurse in each of the considerations.
Being prepared for flu epidemic is crucial since it ensures that the public health system can mitigate the effects of the pandemic. However, certain ethical and cultural considerations must be deliberated on while deciding the appropriate measures. Nurses play an important role in the response to flu pandemic. Understanding the ethical and cultural considerations as well as the role of nurse is thus important (Debruin, 2012).
One ethical consideration involved is the moral commitment to justice and alleviating any barriers that could hinder the some people from accessing healthcare. Ethical guidance to public health response to pandemic should be concerned with the justice. Justice is important while dealing with pandemics and it entails disbursement of common advantages as well as equal sharing of burdens. However, justice should be accompanied by reasonableness in that the caregivers should prioritize the needs of the affected population based on their level of vulnerability. Therefore, the public health system should make a pledge to serve all the affected persons with first priority being given to most affect without ignoring those likely to be affected by the epidemic. In a flu pandemic, nurses have a role of enhancing justice by ensuring that they focus on the needs of the most disadvantaged and give equal priority to all irrespective of their ethical background (Debruin, 2012).
During pandemics, the public health personnel have to make decisions, which may conflict individual interest with the community interests. However, the response must take into account cultural considerations to ensure that even the minority groups access adequate care. One cultural consideration is the cultural diversity of a nation (Institute of Medicine, et al., 2008).
It is important for the caregivers to consider differences in behaviors and beliefs regarding flu pandemic across the different cultures. Factors such as health literacy regarding the epidemic in relation to the different cultures should be assessed. Moreover, understanding the cultural diversity will enable the caregivers to communicate effectively with the public. In relation to cultural differences, nurses have a role to play during a flu epidemic. The nurses should be involved in educating the affected population by enlightening them with the facts associated with flu epidemic. Moreover, the nurses can enlighten the public on how to detect presence of flu and how to respond to it to prevent further spread of the epidemic (Institute of Medicine, et al., 2008).
Conclusively, dealing with pandemics such as flu requires abiding to certain ethical and cultural considerations to enhance the way the public health caregivers’ ability to curb the epidemic. Nurses have a role to play in ensuring that the most affected get first priority. Social justice ensures that the most disadvantaged individuals are attended to first. Understanding the cultural linguistics ensures that the nurses create awareness regarding the flu to enable the public deal with the pandemic effectively.
References
Debruin, D. (2012). Social Justice in Pandemic Preparedness. American Journal of Public Health, 102(4), 586-591.
Committee on Implementation of Antiviral Medication Strategies for an Influenza Pandemic & Institute of Medicine (2008). Antivirals for Pandemic Influenza: Guidance on Developing a Distribution and Dispensing Program. New York: National Academies Press. Read More
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