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Theory, , and Evidence-Based Practice - Research Paper Example

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This paper will study the health model to underscore the health care training programs particularly in a cardiovascular ICU. The HBM aids in the…
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Theory, Research, and Evidence-Based Practice
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The health benefit model The health benefit model The success of any training and educational research on health care depends on the wise utilization of conceptualized models. This paper will study the health model to underscore the health care training programs particularly in a cardiovascular ICU. The HBM aids in the understanding of the behavior of patients to adopt a specific health related behavior individually. Based on the individual behavior and character of a patient, he or she would likely reject or accept a specific health service or behavior for preventing particular ailments. The main idea behind the origin of this theory was to encourage motivation among patients in making healthy decisions concerning the most appropriate health services to be adopted. The success of this theory depends on some four conditions. The person must first develop a belief he or she can undergo some risks occasioned by particular ailments conditions. The patient must also believe that the risks linked to the development of the disease are not desirable at all. Additionally, the patient must also have a belief that the particular behavior change can change the magnitude of the disease. Finally, the patient must also believe that the existence of some barriers that tend to hinder behavior change can be managed (Buchanan, 2008).
The HBM follows a condition of perceived threat. In this regard, a behavior related to health care must ignite a stimulus action to avert a life threatening disease. For instance, a person who practices sunbathing everyday but not aware that he is exposing himself to skin cancer, will just continue with the behavior. This brings up perceived threats of two kinds. These are perceived vulnerability and perceived sternness. In susceptibility, a person considers the level of risks that he has while in severity, a person considers the outcomes of the perceived risks. An individual needs to belief in both severity and susceptibility as a condition of changing his health behaviors effectively. The nature of severity and susceptibility presents real dangers to individuals. As a result, they will adopt behavior changes such as performing exercises, losing weight, stopping drinking, and giving up smoking in a bid to reverse their health conditions. However, many of these behavior changes are not easy to accomplish. For instance, stopping smoking may take a long time and the benefits may not be accomplished immediately (Buchanan, 2008).
The knowledge of health belief model to determine the patient’s rejection and acceptance possibility for an intervention can help in understanding the most appropriate health strategy. In this regard, this model can help in channeling health education and training services to areas where people are not aware of their surrounding risk factors. Besides, in a situation where a patient has the knowledge about the risk factors but encounters barriers in offsetting them, then strategic training needs to be offered appropriately. In a cardiovascular ICU set up, the health belief model would follow the concepts of susceptibility, severity, and benefits of the patient. However, the perceived costs, motivation help to modify the factors in health care consideration (Buchanan, 2008).
The health belief model as a theory is not free of some shortcomings. This is attributable to the fact that it does not have mechanisms of determining the rationality of a particular health care behavior. Additionally, this theory puts more emphasis on an individual patient at the expense economic and social concerns. It fails to appreciates that emotional setbacks contributes to denial and fear among patients (Buchanan, 2008).
Reference
Buchanan, J. A. (2008). Comparing the Health Belief Model and Theory of Planned Behavior in
Predicting Intent to Vaccinate Against the Human Papillomavirus in College Women. New York: ProQuest. Read More
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