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78). Despite the widely acceptance, some scholars have opposed it, raising the arguments that it does not capture the entire sources of social influence especially among youths and the predicators it defines are not usually sufficient either (Bouzigard & Saidel 2010). For detailed understanding, studies should always be theory based. In this analysis, the theory of planned behavior was adopted as the theoretical framework to enhance the understanding (Ajzen 1991, p. 201). This theory asserts that when a person has a strong positive attitude, his/her subject norms will be stronger and the perceived control over the behavior will be greater; the intention to perform a particular behavior will be high, leading to involvement in that particular behavior. This theory is related to the influence students undergo in Saudi Arabia, leading to smoking instances (Kobus 2003, p. 36).
Due to peer pressure, innocent students usually backslide and consequently follow the meek behaviors of their colleagues. Non-smoking students finally get themselves smoking. Most students in Saudi Arabia associate smoking with tobacco and not other substances. This is the reason why the government declared Saudi Arabia a free tobacco nation in 2000 (Garner & Alty 2005). In some instances, teachers smoke before their students, leading to poor role modeling (Connolly 2001, p. 31). Students from smoking families who also see their teachers smoke will have the courage to participate in advertisements designed to promote its consumption amongst the youths (Higgins & Conner 2003).
The study aims to highlight how smoking affects behavior of students and the negative impacts it brings. Records from world heath organizations indicate that between 1999 and 2008 smoking amongst young people started between the ages of 13–15. Another set of data collected between 1999 and 2009 indicates that smoking prevalence ranges between 2.4% and 37%. The findings point
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The rationale for undertaking this research proposal is that the author has worked within Primary Health Care for the past 12 yrs and it appears that there has been a steady increase in the number of Royal Air Force (RAF) personnel being referred for weight management.
A research proposal also assists in determining the aim and the objective of the research rewarding it a firm base. Moreover, it intends to determine the research methodology, i.e. the data collection procedure and the analytical tools to be implied. Thus, research proposal possesses a great importance in providing an extra edge to the finalised research work with limited risk of revisions and deficiency (Remenyi & Money, 2004).
Running Head: Research Proposal Research Proposal [Writer’s Name] [Institute’s Name] Research Proposal Introduction The values that exist in society have a complicated formula, of which a fundamental part has been ethics, ever since human evolution. This is an observation that holds true in business, especially concerning financial segments.
Since corporate governance has to do with setting priorities, delegating power and organizing accountability, it receives high priority on the agenda of policymakers, institutional investors, companies and academics. Recent American and European corporate scandals (Enron, WorldCom, Ahold, etc.) set off a fresh round of debate.
he material has indicated that nowadays, people are beginning to overlook ethics in financial sectors that has enforced the establishment of organizations that may identify, monitor, and prevent factors that cause fraud and risks. Additionally, experts (O’Gara, pp. 29-33,
But these campaigns are fruitless unless people are educated enough to know the message that they are trying to impart.
There must be avenues to invoke inspiration in the minds of people to quit a bad habit like smoking.
In love marriage, the partners generally know and understand each other very well whereas in the arranged marriage, they might be completely strangers to each other when they are married.
Marriage is one of the most important decisions in every person’s life.