Most cigarette smokers take up the habit during adolescence.” (Geetha et al 1998, pp.259-66). “According to the World Health Organization statistics, smoking claims 5.4 million lives each year and cigarette consumption…
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More than 90 percent of adult smokers report that they started smoking as adolescents.”(Brody 2008). “A study by researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health, concludes that cigarette manufacturers have marketed brands to what is called as “vulnerable population” of adolescents by “manipulating sensory elements of cigarettes to promote initiation and dependence.” (Saul 2008).
“Global Youth Tobacco Survey conducted in secondary schools in Philippines. The male students are twice more likely than female students to have ever smoked cigarettes (57.0% vs. 32.0%, respectively). Prevalence of ever smoking increases with the students’ year level and age.” (Results, n.d. pp.11-21).
A study was conducted by University College London, to determine the prevalence of smoking among Chinese secondary school students. Of the 6674 respondents, 15.9% (25.7% of the boys, 5.4% of the girls) were ever smokers. Only 0.3% was regular smokers. Of the ever smokers, 41.9% had smoked before 10 years of age and 7.9% before 5 years of age.” (Hesketh, Ding & Tomkins 2001, pp.1653-5).
“Global Youth Tobacco Survey conducted in Philippines, which was a secondary school, based survey. Among those who have ever smoked, 13% reported to have first tried cigarette smoking before age 10 years, with female students more likely to have first tried than male students (15.4% vs. 11.0%, respectively). A greater proportion of younger students, age less than 12 years (30%) and those in lowest year level (15.3%), have reported to have first tried smoking before age 10 years.” (Results, n.d. p.1). In a study performed in male secondary schools in Saudi Arabia, between the ages of fourteen years to nineteen years;” Out of 289 school adolescents, 50 reported that they had ever smoked. Regular smokers (daily and weekly?) (this taken as such from journal) constituted 84% of all smokers (giving 14.5% prevalence); three were experimental smokers.” (Abolfotouch et al
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The present study aims to determine the importance and actual experience of SMEs belonging to the construction industry of Saudi Arabia. It answers the following research problem: To what degree do different factors influence the success of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Saudi Arabia?
The King of Saudi Arab functions as the chairman of the country’s Council of Ministers. But since the country is ruled according to the Islamic Laws, the King does not preserve any right to enact laws. He only “issues royal decrees in accord with the shari’a” (Matthes et al 2).
In developing countries around the world today, the population dynamics between the old and new generations has led to large differences in self-identity concepts and personal values between adolescents, parents, and the social authorities. Especially in countries with indigenous religious and cultural differences that are distinct and autonomous from the Western tradition, the conflict between traditional and modern values may arise as an aspect of generational identities and collective belief systems.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is located in a vital maritime location facing the Arabian Gulf and the Red Sea. The Kingdom has approximately 2100 km of coastal beaches attracting tourists seeking a little fun in the sun. These beaches, characterized by a vast variety of marine life, also bring a great deal of benefit to the kingdom’s fishery industry.
The population growth rate is Saudi is around 1.8%. More than 90% of the Saudi population are Muslims and Arabic is the official language (Saudi Arabia, 2011). Riyadh is the capital and most heavily populated city in Saudi with a population of 4.3
All over the world, smoking among the youth has grown in significant numbers. Saudi Arabia is no exception. The Saudi Gazette in a report in 2011, revealed that high school students make up 15 percent to 27 percent of smokers in Saudi. These figures are a cause for concern for both the parents of these children and the Saudi government.
s discourage smoking in public places in that cigarette contain toxic chemicals, which are harmful to the body and can affect both the user and those nearby. In the 21st century, many countries prohibit smoking in public to protect the well-being of people. For instance, the
These people are willing to work at cheaper rates than what local people would charge employers in Saudi Arabia.
Owing to the strict law enforcement policies in Saudi Arabia, the crime rate is very low.
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