The reporter casts light upon the fact that suicide whether ideation, gestures or threats is a complex human behavior that is difficult to predict. However, there are risk factors that can be assessed and evaluated to identify individuals at risk for committing suicide…
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Accordingly, one of the most common psychiatric disorders associated with suicide is major depression (Gliatto & Ria, 1999) and suicide among the elderly is likely to happen in the context of a depressive episode. Depression is identified as one of the most powerful independent risk factor associated with suicide in old age (Connor et. al., 2011) and is known to increase the risk of suicide by 15 to 20 times (Hawton, 2009). Furthermore, it has been found that depression rates are higher among women than in men, which is congruous with the case study. Other psychiatric conditions associated with suicide are substance abuse, schizophrenia and psychotic disorders.
Research suggests that genetic factors are highly related to a particular person risk for committing suicide. According to Reiss and Dombeck (2007), The offspring of individuals who have attempted and completed suicides have an increased likelihood to commit the same behavior themselves. Therefore, suicide “runs” in the family. In addition, it has been found that dysregulation of the Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal (HPA) axis (mechanism responsible for coping with stresses over time) can develop following traumatic events or chronic stress, and has been linked to severe depression and suicidal behavior (Reiss & Dombeck, 2007). This supports the large body of evidence that dysfunctional neurotrophic signaling might be involved in the pathophysiology of suicidal behavior.
The prevalence of illnesses later in life contributes to the common assumption that the occurrence of physical ailments plays a significant role in suicide risk later in life. According to Hawton and Heeringen (2009), poor physical health and disabilities are associated with suicides.
Suicide is consistently associated with social factors and age-related life events especially among the elderly. Lack of supportive social network and religious participation as well as family disputes, low level of education, financial difficulties and sense of loneliness greatly increases the risk for suicide (Connor, et. al 2011).
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According to the research findings suicide should be looked at as a perspective rather than an idea to be discouraged. Not every individual commits suicide because he is ‘sick’ of life; some even have a reason to do the same. It is a subjective matter and varies from person to person; however it has more demerits than merits.
Questions remain regarding the superiority of implicit versus explicit measurements of suicide risk. This study consisted of Implicit Association Testing and four explicit self-reporting questionnaires which were presented to thirty-three adults presenting to an emergency room.
Suicide is one such personal act which anyone can perform. It not only affects the person who takes his own life, but also his immediate circle and the community at large. People from the community who are affected by this act include doctors, psychologists, the police, lawyers, teachers, politicians, thinkers and writers as well as the clergymen (Retterstol 1993).
Suicide is one of the controversial issues in the criminal justice systems of many states. This is because many views are held by different people regarding the right to take one’s own life. Many suicide attempts usually are not fruitful, and the victims end up in a more embarrassing situation after a failed suicide attempt.
In general, it has been found that bereavement by suicide tends to be prolonged, and that feelings of shock, self-blame, guilt and social isolation may exist. These facets of suicide bereavement are thought to be due to the thematic content of the grief, the socio-cultural context that the survivor is a part of, as well as the negative impact that suicide has on the functioning of a family/social group itself (Jordan, 2001).
However, the report has a negative rating for adolescent suicide cases. They have generally increased from 1970 to 2002. The suicide rate had its peak in 1994 of 13. Per 100, 000 but declined to 9.9 per
However, death and life should remain the prerogative of the creator. The persons supporting suicide highlight the need to address depression that affects the victim’s normal life. The condition makes it difficult for him to live a complete and happy