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This paper will analyze the benefits of epidurals in treating post-operative pain after bowel resurrection; additional methods will also be discussed that assist in pain management after this operation.
Effective administration of post-operative pain treatment is beneficial for a patient, as it does not only relieve pain, but also hastens recovery and discharge from the hospital. According to Andres, et al (N.d, p.5), post-operative pain is associated with physical and emotional suffering, as a result, sleeping becomes an impossible mission, and the recovery process is delayed. Therefore, pain management treatments are administered with an aim of improving the quality of a patient’s life, allowing quick recovery, and reducing death cases. Epidural involves the continuous flow of pain relief medicines through a cannula that is placed in the back of a patient.
Bowel resection is a surgical procedure whereby, part of large or small intestine is removed; however, it occurs in two forms - large bowel resection or small bowel resection. Large bowel resection involves the removal of part of the large intestines, whilst small bowel resection involves the removal of part of the small intestine that is affected (University of Maryland, Medical Centre, 2011). The advantage of using epidural after bowel resection is that it not only reduces pain, but also prevents post-operative ileus. Patients who undergo bowel resection often experience post-operative ileus, a complication that may arise after a bowel section. In addition, thoracic epidural hastens the recovery of a patient by enabling the bowel to function (Johnson & Walsh, 2009).
Holte & Kehlet (2001) argue that, epidural techniques such as anesthetic reduce surgical stress responses, autonomic reflex responses, and organ dysfunctions; they also reduce post-operative morbidity as well. As opposed to inflammatory drugs, which affect the healing of a wound,
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This included staffing patterns, child or elderly patient neglect, treatment consents, etc (Park, 2009). In fact, nowadays, it is not only in wards for psychiatric care where violent situations prevalent, but also in emergency departments. This is largely due to the inadequacy of inpatient beds.
The placebo effect of course, is both a weakness, yet also an ally in clinical tests. This inevitable consequence of medical research is routinely targeted; many modern drug studies measure themselves against the placebo effect; requiring a statistically-significant deviation as proof that their concoction is more than just sugar-water.
This explains why nearly every government across the globe currently considers basic education a right of every citizen. A good basic education enables individuals to have better understanding of life, adopt healthy lifestyles, and participate in various development activities in the society (UNICEF, para.2).
The rhizome is associated with numerous health benefits and is regarded as one of the world's seven most potent disease-fighting spices, which can be consumed fresh, dried or powdered. For centuries, ginger has been recommended as a natural remedy for a wide variety of ailments including colds, flues, coughs, and sore throats.
As a result, companies are looking for better ways of carrying out business in order to remain competitive (Nof 13). This implies that companies must be efficient, cost-effective and produce with speed. In this regard, robotics has emerged as the best solution to many challenges facing manufacturing companies.
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es to the person being questioned, and recording their psychological responses, for instance, breathing rate, skin electrical conductance and blood pressure. By doing this, it is claimed that polygraphs are able to make guilty and innocent determinations.
There is a heated
The operation can be major or minor and it requires careful post operation care to relieve pain and extensive physical therapy to increase mobility of the knee and facilitate complete recovery and mobility of the patients. Most patients decide to undergo total knee