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Diseases and agents that weaken heart muscle contraction, especially ventricular muscle, for example, heart attacks, infections of heart muscle (myocarditis), toxins, chronic alcohol abuse and some chemotherapeutic agents (systolic dysfunction).
They vary amongst many patients depending on the type (whether it is systolic or diastolic) and the organs affected. Fatigue is the earliest symptom of CHF due to inadequacy of the heart to perform its function.
The diagnosis of CHF entails; having noteworthy knowledge about the medical history of the patient; carefully taking a proper history concerning the present condition of the patient; carefully conducting a physical examination and conducting the necessary laboratory tests to confirm the diagnosis. This will assist the health care expert identify signs that are consistent with CHF.
Treatment should start immediately CHF is diagnosed in a patient. For one, lifestyle modification should be used so that no further fluid is retained in the body. This is done through regulation of sodium intake in food, since sodium increases fluid in the body. Restriction of alcohol intake and monitoring fluid intake also manages the
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The discussion is divided in three sections: congestive heart failure; pharmacological management of CHF; and Captropil and its pharmacological properties, adverse reactions and some statistics. The literature revealed that CHF results from changes in the structure and function of the heart.
The nursing system ensues at that point of time when the nurse intervenes with the patient either to prescribe medication or to provide care that is intended to take care of self-care deficit and regulate his or her own capabilities of self-care (Orem, 1985; cited in Comley, 1994).
On the basis of her symptoms, her current medications and the past medical history, four major underlying pathologies can be identified which include; congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation, hypertension and angina pectoris. Congestive Heart Failure is a pathological condition of the heart where the heart is unable to pump adequate amount of blood to the whole body according to its needs.
CHF due to diseased heart: mitral regurgitation, mitral stenosis, myocardial infarction, etc. In high output failure heart is normal, but metabolic need of body is drastically increased and heart is not able to fulfill the required need, e.g. severe anemia, thyrotoxicosis, etc.
On the other hand, not all patients, especially those with more serious indications, find relief from these possible treatment practices (Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy, n.d.). Treatment of heart failure may include medication, such as, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors that lessen the pressure in the blood vessels; beta blockers that reduce the heart’s tendency to beat faster; and antiarrhythmia medications that keep the rhythm regular and prevent sudden cardiac death.
03). These problems and damages usually cut across all nature and types of humanity including young and old, men and women, all racial and ethical groups, as well as rich and poor (Luepker 02). Notably, the increased cases of heart attacks and failures usually increases the dependency both family members and the nations; thus, increasing health care costs.
However, cardiovascular diseases can also affect youth, children and even infants (Silverstein, Silverstein & Nunn, 2006). “More than 1,51,000 Americans who died of cardiovascular diseases in 2005 were younger than age 65” (CDC, 2009, p.2). Heart
When sufficient oxygen does not reach to the muscles of heart to make it work, its muscles tend to get damaged or die, resulting malfunctioning of heart or heart attack.
The main cause of the heart attack is thickening coronary arteries
The patient should then describe any symptom that they may be having such as shortness of breath, feeling weak or blurred vision. A certified health officer should visit the patient and asses the living conditions of the patient
The underlying problem is that one of the heart chambers is unable to sustain the volume of blood that goes through them (University of California San Francisco (UCSF) Medical Center, 2015). The condition is linked to various
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