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There are unaddressed questions in the present clinical practice or when the circumstances cause an inv3estigator to compose a clinical research question. The intention of this research paper is to analyze the steps in the composition of a research question. The concepts of PICO (population, intervention control and outcome) along with evidence based research will be further examined.
A seven year old girl is in an emergency room with a severe tinnitus. She has a history of headaches and earaches. Her mother is concerned about the effects of acetaminophen. Her daughter is complaining of stomach problems and nausea after the ingestion of acetaminophen, she is worried about the ringing in her ears. The mother would like to know if the acetaminophen that she has been administering to her daughter is effective or is there a better intervention. This where the concept of PICO and evidence based practice come into effect for the nursing health care professional. Information must be gathered about the patient. The resources available for treatment must be assessed. The questions that are to be asked by the nursing and health care practitioner are the following:
Expanding upon the concept of PICO, there is also an order of importance to the strength of evidence. This order of importance assists in ensuring the validity of the research sources, as the research sources presenting stronger evidence are preferred over the research sources with evidence which presents less strength (Zhao et al., 2010).
2. Innovation and implementation- The nursing professional is not simply a health care professional. The nursing professional is also an enabler who facilitates the process of healing. Patient centered care should become a more important concept in medical industry trends and evidence based research. This perspective for the health care professional is to search for the causes, developments and outcomes of an illness (Ray, 2004). Descartes, the
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But the primary focus of this chapter has been on the political dimension of the Spanish colonialization. The chapter begins with an enquiry on why the population has increased six-fold during this period, despite the pathetic living conditions of the slaves who constituted the majority of population.
This chapter has started with the US invasion of Puerto Rico and the political and economic reasons behind such a colonization attempt. The chapter has connected the real motive behind this colonization to the competition between leading European nations like Spain, England and France with the United States, for sources of raw materials and for markets, for their mushrooming industries.
Davis. In his Book Harvest Son: Planting Roots in American soil, Masumoto narrates how he learnt to do farm work like pruning vines, driving tractors and such. He visits his native land as a foreigner, and after his visit, he comes back to help his father with work in the farm before finally talking over.He manages to merge to past and the present, despites the pressure of time and change.
They reveal characters’ thoughts, intentions, and emotions. In this process, authors are able to capture the attention of readers, and at the same time, the authors are able to deliver the message in the targeted angle (Bates 6). Thesis statement Through this strategy, authors clearly demonstrate their evolution.
This search yielded 1163 article references.
A combination of "asthma education" and "improved asthma control" was searched through the Medline data base with a return of 243 articles. Limits were then imposed to isolate specific articles related closely to the question.
umanism” in the Renaissance period means putting premium on realizing human interests and the living world which encourages realism instead of valuing beliefs about the afterlife (Renaissance Humanism, n.d.).
Individualism as a concept in Renaissance is a philosophy that is
owledges that it is virtually impossible to attain a perfect society, and such a Utopia would only exist in fictional works of philosophy and religion. The humanist asserts that, the only thing that people can do to guarantee utopia like attributes is, attempt to create a living
Operating under the PICO National Network, PICO California serves thousands of families within and across California (http://www.picocalifornia.org/). Specifically, PICO California serves San Diego and Placer County