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Barring a few exceptions such as Veterans Healthcare Administration, Medicare, Medicaid, Children’s Health Insurance Program and TRICARE, the health insurance in the United States is predominantly provided by the private firms (Sultz & Young, 2008). Many of the Americans and their families are extended health insurance by their employers. Yet, a great many Americans are left uninsured.
The US spends more money per capita on healthcare than any other nation in the world (Herzlinger, 2007). In fact a large chunk of the national income is spent on healthcare every year. Considering the very high cost of healthcare in the United States, the country has the third highest healthcare budget in the world (Herzlinger, 2007). Irrespective of the gargantuan healthcare expenditure, when it comes to parameters like infant mortality and life expectancy, the US tends to fall behind other developed nations (Herzlinger, 2007). Though there are many government funded healthcare programs, yet they are mostly limited to the veterans, the elderly, the poor, children, and disabled (Armstrong & Armstrong, 1999). Luckily, as per the federal laws, the citizens are allowed a free access to the emergency services, irrespective of their ability to pay (Armstrong & Armstrong, 1999). The hospitals, doctors and the medical personnel in the United States are primarily funded by the insurance plans and the payments received from the patients (Roth, 2010). Also, there are also many inequities in the US healthcare system in the context of ethnicity and financial status (Roth, 2010). Besides, United States is one of the only two countries in the world that allows the pharmaceutical companies to engage in direct to consumer advertising of prescription drugs, thereby further adding to the cost of healthcare (Roth, 2010). The current Obama administration has given way to many healthcare reforms like Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and Healthcare and
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The objective of this research is to conduct systematic review of related literature that will allow the researcher to examine the intrinsic and extrinsic reasons which motivate nursing students and nurses into pursing their nursing career; to understand why some nurses or nursing students are leaving their profession and studies, respectively.
Ten articles were reviewed since a review of literature in 2009 on nursing care to lesbian, gays, bi-sexual and transgender persons. The international and the American Nursing Association codes of ethics essentially prescribe that nursing care should provided to all people regardless of gender orientation.
According to the report there also exist for-profit hospitals that are owned by private concerns. In the United States there does not exist any nationwide provision for Universal Healthcare. The federal, state, county and city governments do own some hospitals at certain locations, which are accessible to general public.
Increased technology has enabled such services to be offered in these nursing homes. The concern among family members and residents has however been on the value this offers as compared to hospitalization. The research discussed in this paper was thus aimed at finding the perspective of residents and family members on in situ care in cases of pneumonia.
The new generation is able to identify nursing as a rewarding profession that aims at the benefits of offering community service and a dignified social life. However, the intensity of public perceptions about this noble career poses many challenges to the nursing staff from many angles of their career expectations and requirements.
Political history, government agencies, and professional organizations, for example, play a significant role in the scope of professional trainings. I, in this paper, compare nursing education system in the People’s Republic of China with that in Poland through exploration of the role of these factors.
Nursing care is a vital part of our society as it is directly connected to social welfare of people who cannot independently carry out routine activities of life. Since it is a direct function of interaction with people, it is significantly influenced by cultural and ethnic factors.
However, with continued advocacy for better education structures, the need for reform was recognized in several policy documents of the Irish government. In the year 1995, the government approved a nursing diploma programmed to promote a broader and more educated profession.
All the same these assumptions and assertions concerning nursing have created such limitations for the role of the profession and its development. Because of their subservient role assumed on women, they were discouraged from pursing platforms such as medicine in practice
In describing hospice care the WHO termed it as essentially being an approach that serves to greatly improve the overall quality of the lives of patients and their respective families that happen to be facing a problem that is associated with
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