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Adverse Trend and Data Management - Assignment Example

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Healthcare professionals are often confronted with developing trends that are honestly determinant in health management and in defining responses to issues relative to mortality and morbidity…
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Adverse Trend and Data Management
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of the Figure Sample process in the managing adverse trend (Source: iGate Adept, 2013). Healthcare professionals are often confronted with developing trends that are honestly determinant in health management and in defining responses to issues relative to mortality and morbidity. Such may command acute care specially when cases involved adverse trends that require intensive care and increase presence of nurses or care providers who need to delve into these and document data and information (Henriksen, Dayton, Keyes, Carayon, & Hughe, 2008). Some of the adverse trends that require serious attention are issues on bioterrorism, plague, outbreaks, warfare affecting thousands of peoples, and proliferation or increase number of HIV or tuberculosis-infected patients that have all the potential to upscale impacts by its transmission (Henriksen, et al.,2008). Data and information therefore must be documented thoroughly and must be elaborately used for medical responses, pharmacological developments for medications, and further research for medical-policy related responses (Henriksen, et al.,2008). The data and information are also significant for collaborative actions of stakeholders not only for clinical knowledge but also in developing health programs essential to press government for financial support and actions (Henriksen, et al.,2008). Adverse trends also call on health managers to evaluate the expanse of effects, populace, affected, geographic details, the values and variables, the socio-economic profiles of peoples that are subjected to health issues, as well as the financial budget that could be allocated and are needed to effectively deliver the services (Henriksen, et al.,2008). It also recognized that data on adverse trends might be confidentially dealt by decision-makers unless policy requires that these should be transparently brought for public knowledge for collaborative and community-based responses and actions (Henriksen, et al.,2008). Adverse trends trend, depending on situation and context, inspire scaling up of nurses’ performance for effectiveness and efficiency of response but the same require that it should be based on some systems and models to ensure that there is integrated and interdependent interaction to attain specified or targeted goals (Henriksen, et al.,2008). The assessment of the issues affecting healthcare include the evaluation of individual characteristic of an issue, the nature, physical environment, human-system interfaces, organization/social or environmental factors and how these variables are managed (Henriksen, et al.,2008). Data management may also include patient characteristics, task factors, individual causes, team factors, team management and of organization’s operational system (Henriksen, et al.,2008). Other experts contend that data must be encompassing of peoples’ discipline, tools and technology, the physical environment, the organizational goals and the care processes Whether these data are quantitative or qualitative, it is hoped that these are free from human errors (Kohn, Corrigan & Donaldson, 2000). The latter may causes trouble in understanding the causes and effects and may likewise affect recommendations (Kohn, et al., 2000). Human errors in the conduct of research and in documenting cases will destroy the explanatory power and may in long run be another cause to blame in the lapse of judgement, especially when patients, being subject to study, are critically situated (Kohn, et al., 2000). Often, human error are cause of blame and such human deficiency or absence of attentiveness (or by ignorance, it can cloud decision-making or diagnostic conclusion (Kohn, et al., 2000). It is therefore essential that data and information are accurate to prevent adverse events that could cause defects in the analysis, conclusion, decision-making and in managing patients in the hospitals (Kohn, et al., 2000). Of course, being part of the oath of medical professional, free prior and informed consent are required before these data and information are generated for practical and professional use. Consent is also a standard policy in research and trend valuation. Nurses must therefore help manage the unexpected issues and trends and must be imbued with the character of having quality and reliable organizations (HROs) those healthcare offices are mandated to adhere to (Ulrich, Simring, & Quan, 2004). The nurses must be part of sustaining an effective and efficient safety and quality control in the delivery of their services and in operating a highly complex or unkind environment where risks are clearly evident and potential damage to environment or effect to other people are high (Ulrich, et al., 2004). It is therefore expected that nurses must possess the characteristic of high mindfulness or cognitive capacities to make their responses and performances attuned to all possibilities where system and situations could go wrong in a very rapidly changing environment (Henriksen, et al.,2008; Ulrich, et al., 2004). They must be skilled and highly reliable too in taking care of the data and information that could add to their analysis and studies of trends that may affect their profession (Henriksen, et al.,2008). References Henriksen, K., Dayton, E., Keyes, M.A., Carayon, P., & Hughe, R. (2008). Chapter 5. Understanding Adverse Events: A Human Factors Framework, In: Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses, US: Department of Health and Human Services. pp. 1-17. Kohn LT, Corrigan JM, & Donaldson MS, (2000). To err is human: building a safer health system. A report of the Committee on Quality of Health Care in America, Institute of Medicine. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Ulrich R, Simring C, & Quan X, (2004). The role of the physician environment in the hospital of the 21st century: a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity. Report to the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Princeton, NJ: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Read More
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