Critical Analysis Students: Course: Date: Professor: 1. Introduction Halm, M. A. (2009). Hourly Rounds: What Does the Evidence Indicate?. American Journal of Critical Care, 18(6), 581-584 Dr. Margo A. Halm – She is specialist in clinical nursing and a quality and nursing research director at Salem Hospital in Oregon…
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Grove, S.K. & Burns, N. (2008). The Practice of Nursing Research: Appraisal, Synthesis, and Generation of Evidence (6th Ed). New York: Saunders Dr. Susan K. Grove is a professor and a specialist in evidence-based practice. She holds a bachelor of science (Bsc), Master of Science (MS) and doctorate degree in nursing. In addition she is a certified gerontology and adult nurse by different accrediting nursing bodies besides authoring books. Dr. Nancy Burns is a Professor in the University of Texas, Arlington in the School of Nursing. Besides teaching and research, she is involved in evidence-based practice. She holds a bachelor of science (Bsc), Master of Science (MS) and doctorate degree in nursing. 2. Problem The problem statement of this article by Dr. Halm is Hourly Rounds: What Does the Evidence Indicate? This problem statement is quite significant in nursing practice because there has not been an agreement on how or what intervals should nurses make visits to patients in wards. As such, it is quite a significant question because different conditions of patients require them to be attended differently. According to Macnee (2004), it is quite hard to come up with a thump rule of patients visitations by nurses because some patients may require constant care while others do not. It follows then that it is of paramount importance to investigate this question. 3. Purpose of the article The purpose of this article is to discuss and articulate hourly rounds effects in in-patients and their outcomes based on available evidence. This purpose is quite clear and concise because checking on patients is one of the primary roles of nurses. It has become a common practice that nurses make their rounds in wards on a regular basis. These rounds are meant to make sure that patients get the best care besides assuring them that they are in good hands. In actual fact, Fain (2009) posits that patients are relieved of their anxiety by these rounds even when they are okay and do not need anything because they learn to trust that they are constantly being watched. Hourly rounds have been the most practiced forms of regular checking on patients because they give nurses the chance organize their work and react to situations proactively as opposed to reactive (Grove & Burns, 2008). 4. Literature Review The literature review was extensively done based on the question or problem statement. In essence, this is a synthesis of the various outcomes of researches carried on hourly rounds in nursing. According to Polit and Beck (2008), evidence based practice synthesizes available literature that touches on a particular subject with an aim of coming with the best way forward. In clinical practice, some problems have many ways of approach in order to solve them but not all of them are applicable in all cases. In this study, the problem under study was about the effectiveness of hourly rounds in in-patient. It follows then that previous peer reviewed research articles on hourly rounds were considered as being valid for this study. A total of eleven research articles were analyzed because they were at the heart of the study problem and their outcomes incorporated into this study (Halm, 2009). 5. The Study Framework The framework of this study is not explicitly expressed and the reviewer must extract information from the implicit. This is because the study is hinged on the statement problem and then it continues to delve
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