In the workplace, the chronic illness renal disease patients need to go to the hospital and clinic frequently; therefore, the decontamination of the environment to prevent cross transmission is most beneficial. …
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Decontamination ensures that there are no medical or health implications in the treatment process with regard to renal medicine. This is due to the possibility of infections that could hinder or act as counteractive measures towards the entire of treating renal diseases. Moreover, cleaning and decontamination alleviates all forms of erroneous diagnosis and reinfections with unknown pathogens, as well as conditions that are not part of the patients’ original condition. In addition, decontamination and cleaning keeps the conditions of renal medicine and the facilities hosting it hygienic and clean for the benefit of the staff assigned to work in the facilities. As a result, the conditions of work should be widely favourable and to accommodate the needs of the staff. This is in relation to productivity and lack of infections and unfavourable working conditions for the members of staff. This works through elimination of risk factors that may distract members of staff from the duties and tasks or create an inconducive atmosphere. Health care facilities such as hospitals, nursing homes and outpatient units, play host to a wide variety of microorganisms that prey on patients undergoing treatment. Healthcare-associated infections, also referred to as nosocomial infections, are defined as those that are associated with medical or surgical intervention within the healthcare facility. For an infection to be described as nosocomial, it has to occur following 48 hours of hospitalisation or surgery or 3 days after discharge (Inweregbu, et al 2005, p.1). Such infections are often caused by breaches in control practices and procedures, which have to be met to ensure patient safety. Such breaches include the use of non-sterile environment during medical intervention, resulting in an infection. Healthcare associated infections are caused by a variety of common bacteria, fungi and viruses, which are introduced in a patient during medical intervention in non-sterile conditions (Memarzadeh n.d, p.10). Despite marked medical advances in the recent years, most patients are always at risk of developing nosocomial infections. In industrialised countries, healthcare-associated infections have a significant impact on public health by contributing to an increase in morbidity and mortality. Similarly, as healthcare facilities stretch their budgets to facilitate the extended care to the affected patients. It is estimated that such infections occur in every 1of 10 patients who are admitted to the hospital, which accounts for about 5000 deaths. Consequently, financial repercussions felt are enormous and translate to billions of pounds for the National Health Service. The relatively high prevalence of nosocomial infections has seen patients extend their stay in hospitals; incurring additional costs compared to uninfected patients. A study conducted by the European Prevalence of Infection in Intensive Care indicated that the prevalence rate in ICU has steeply declined from 1.8% in 2006 to 0.1% in 2012 (NHS Choices 2012). Patients under intensive care units are particularly at risk of hospital-acquired infections owing to the invasive procedures accorded to them. Bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites are the main causative agents of hospital-acquired infections in most healthcare facilities, where the pathogens may be present in the patient’s body, the environment, contaminated hospital equipment or the medical professionals. The most common types of healthcare-associated infections are urinary tract infections, ventilator-associated pneumonia, and surgical wound infections (Pennsylvania Department of Health n.d, p.1). For instance, following surgery, the patient may develop an infection around the surgical wound
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The Molecular Mechanism That Make Staphylococcus Aureus Resistant To Antibiotics Name Student ID Course Tutor Date Introduction, An antibiotic is a substance that kills bacteria by disrupting a critical function, usually coded by a definite protein in the bacteria.
S. aureus has a very vast and major disease spectrum which includes skin and soft tissue infections, osteomyelitis, sepsis, muscle and visceral abscesses, pleural empyema, bloodstream infections, endocarditis and toxin-mediated syndromes such as scalded-skin syndrome and toxic shock syndrome and food poisoning (Crossley et al 272).
However, there exists a difference between antibiotics. For example, there those with wider action are known as broad-spectrum antibiotics while those that are effective to only few organisms are known as narrow spectrum antibiotics (American Academy of Paediatrics 2013).
Several factors aid in the spread of MRSA and VRE in hospital environments, which include lack of proper identification of colonized patient, extended and improper use of antibiotics, and handling of patients by nursing staff. The challenge of controlling
The morphological characteristics of these indicators organisms include small, rod-shaped, no-spore forming bacteria which test negative to Gram staining. The most important biochemical characteristic of indicator
MRSA (HA-MRSA) is an infection that occurs settings like dialysis centers and nursing homes. HA-MRSA infections are commonly linked to invasive devices or procedures, such as surgeries, artificial joints or intravenous
From this report it is clear that in the past, community acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections occurred in patients who frequently had contact with health care or in specific group of patients such as intravenous drug users. Currently, CA-MRSA also affects healthy people that have no risk factors for the disease.
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