Patient safety in the ICU has become a growing concern for both the health care practitioners and the community as a whole. However, the research shows that despite public outcry, there are notable failures within the health care services…
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The biggest challenge towards moving to a safer health system is changing the culture of blaming health professionals for errors to one in which these errors are treated, not as individual failures, but as opportunities to prevent harm and improve the system (Guldenmund, 2000). Harm occurs if a patient’s quality of life or health is negatively affected by any element of their interaction with health care (Institute of Medicine.1999). This would be as a result of patient safety incident, which is any healthcare related event that is unexpected, unintended, and undesired and which could have or did harm the patients. It is, therefore, upon the NHS to ensure high standards: safe clinical care should be maintained and made sure it is in line with the current technology. According to the department of health, patient safety needs to be prioritized, as far as health care system is concerned. The resulting patient safety management knowledge continually heightens improvement efforts to better patients’ welfare such as applying lessons learned from industry and business, educating consumers and providers, adopting innovative technologies, enhancing the error and the reporting systems, and finally developing new economic incentives (Fleming, 2000). Arguably, researchers ought to investigate and find out the effectiveness of patient’s safety in the health care system. This, in essence, can help ascertain the measures that can improve the conditions if need. In this paper, the major concern entails patient care as practiced in any health care services with major focus on medication safety based on analyzing the current issues of patient safety management and understanding the system and human factors in maintaining patient safety. It is evident from the research that as far as patient safety is concerned, medication safety is one of the major issues that is quite disturbing. In this regard, human factors, which correlate with medication safety, play the major role. As far as patient safety is concerned, it cannot be overlooked when dealing with such sensitive issue as patient safety. Negligence, as a human factor, has increasingly become the factor that affects medication safety basically because of the lack of concern among the health care practitioners. For instance, there is a critical instant when a health care practitioner acting out of negligence failed to rescue the life of Elain Bremonung, a young woman who was hospitalized for a routine sinus surgery. During the anaesthesia she experienced breathing problems and the attending anaesthetis was slow at responding to the situation being unable to insert a device to open her airway. The most distressing thing about it is that the affected patient was in a critical state. If was not the alarm activated by one of the friends of the affected patient, she would have passed away. Arguably, there were no grave consequences reaped on this incident; however, one thing that is clear is that medication safety is up stake in many of the health care systems. This incident clearly shows that human factors, as well as organization factors, play a role in medical safety. This therefore calls for the need to investigate the link between human factors in relation to patient safety. This thesis proposes a change in the number of nurses working in the ICU with focus on how it causes lack of patient safety. Statement of the problem Throughout the nursing profession, the shortage in the number of nurses in the ICU and its impact of patient’
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However, additional tasks in administrative and managerial functions are added to the RNs main job functions which lead to job discontent and poor service because of the shortage in the nursing workforce. Worst case scenario would be that people who go to ERs may be sent elsewhere because of the resource shortage (CNN Health, 2001).
For this purpose, The CRNBC Practice Standard Documentation sets out the essentials related to documentation and nurse practice and those requirement standards should be met in conjugation with the practice support issue. The electronic Documentation such as electronic medical records, e-mails, faxes, audio and video tapes, and images provides nurses and other care providers to intercommunicate about the care provided, and this also encourages effective and beneficial nursing care and helps nurses to conform to professional and legal standards (College of Registered Nurses of British Columbia 2003).
Though there is an easing of the nursing shortage issue in the perception of RN’s, there still persists pessimism among the RN’s in terms of the quality of their work and environment and patient safety. Issues that were responsible for the shortage of nurses still persist and the shortage leads to poor quality in patient care.
It will affect hospitals, physicians, nursing homes, and government agencies. These staggering numbers will impact the quality of care and further degrade the working conditions for the nursing industry. The solution lies in decreasing the demand, increasing the supply, and managing nursing skills effectively.
As senior nursing students, we are concerned with the issues confronting nursing field at the global level. We are grateful to our teachers for assigning us this project and appreciate the opportunity given to
It is measured by nurse-to-population ratio, nurse-to-patient ratio or number of job openings against number of nurses available for recruitment. Nursing shortage is a common problem especially in developing
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