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A Critique on a Quantitative Study of Diabetes - Research Paper Example

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A Critique on a Quantitative Study of Diabetes

Those who have type 2 diabetes are usually overweight to a point of obesity, and, mostly, are physically inactive (Allman, 2008). The genetic basis for diabetes has been established as a hereditary mutation in insulin-producing genes, resulting in inefficient release of insulin to regulate glucose production. For people with type 1 diabetes this is usually the case, but for those with type 2, aside from excess consumption of carbohydrates and other sources of sugar, the presence of adipose tissue adds up to the additional glucose circulating in the body, creating the need for additional insulin (Lowe, 2001). Therefore, it is recommended that for people with type 2 diabetes, weight loss, increase in dietary fiber, and controlling food consumption are touted as the most effective ways for health improvement. In a meta-analysis study by Anderson, Kendall, Randles, and Jenkins (2004), diabetic patients that consumed food with moderate carbohydrates and high fiber content were shown to have lower postprandial plasma glucose and levels of low-density lipoproteins and triglycerides. Consumption of foods with low glycemic indices was associated with lower plasma glucose values and glycated protein values. Also, by decreasing the BMI of diabetic patients who are either overweight or obese, better quality of life can be attained. The authors identified certain studies and investigations that were involved with the creation of dietary information for diabetics and their doctors. Recommendations for

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most diabetic patients were made, such as the increase in intake of high-fiber foods, low-glycemic index foods, reduction of sugars and saturated and/or trans-fatty acids in the diet (Anderson et al., 2004). Whole grains, vegetables, and fruits were most recommended not only for diabetes control but also for other related diseases such as obesity and cardiac and heart diseases. These should constitute roughly 50-60% of the total energy source for diabetics. Also, decreasing protein intake up to as much as 11-18% of total energy needed was suggested to prevent the kidneys from being overworked. These recommendations were made based on evidences of the meta-analysis from an average of 25 independent studies. These researches consisted of observational, controlled, randomized, and combined random and controlled trials (RCT). The observational studies compared data before and after the implementation of dietary intervention. The controlled trials compared controlled diet with uncontrolled diet. The randomized trials used randomization in giving out treatments to the samples. The RCT trials combined controlled diet with randomization of samples (Anderson et al., 2004). Results obtained from the different studies are: up to 20% decrease in postprandial plasma glucose can be observed just by increasing high-fiber intake, and cholesterol levels can be decreased by up to 8% by diet remediation alone (Anderson et al., 2004). By comparing the results, checking their validity and making a consensus, the authors were able to identify several factors that could help diabetic patients to lose and maintain their weight and, eventually, control their blood sugar in the process. The whole meta-analysis of different studies may be able to create a

Summary

A Research Critique on a Quantitative Study of Diabetes Ugommah Miller Course: MRSHison 433V Instructor: Emgi Lawson Date 2012/07/20 A Research Critique on a Quantitative Study of Diabetes Diabetes is one of the world’s most emergent diseases that gains worldwide attention due to being linked to lifestyle choices, and is considered to be a growing epidemic among the global population (Barnett, Barnett, & Kumar, 2009)…
A Research Critique on a Quantitative Study of Diabetes
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