Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Down's Syndrome - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Down syndrome due to trisomy of chromosome 21 of the chromosome are inherited by the baby during conception. The condition is has genetic origins and it can not have a cure. Down’s condition is not a disease but a syndrome that comes with a myriad of various different health problems…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.5% of users find it useful
Downs Syndrome
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Down's Syndrome"

Down’s syndrome Down’s syndrome occurs due to trisomy of chromosome 21 in the child that is three copies of the chromosome are inherited by the babyduring conception. The condition therefore has genetic origins and it cannot have a cure. Nevertheless there are treatments which can greatly help the children with downs syndrome to overcome their physical, cognitive and medical problems.
Down’s condition is not a disease but a syndrome that comes with a myriad of various different health problems. For example people suffering from Down’s syndrome often has complications in their thyroid and therefore they need medications that can substitute for the deficiency. Similarly anti-seizure drugs are necessary for patients that undergo seizures in this condition. Many of these children also suffer from internal problems that require surgery. More than 40 percent of the children that suffer from Down’s syndrome also have heart defects that need to be treated by a surgery (AAP Committee on Genetics, 2001). Sometimes surgical procedures for intestinal defects may also become necessary. Early intervention is one of the most useful ways to help the child suffering from this condition. Early intervention is a program that comprises of a combination of exercises and therapies, specifically designed to aid the children suffering from this disorder. Physical therapy and speech therapy are two of the ways that are used in the early intervention program. Most of the children suffering from Down’s syndrome have hypotonia, i.e. low muscle tone. These children need to be taught ways in which they can move improve their muscle tone and move their bodies in an appropriate manner (MA, 2008). The physical therapy is one way that ensures correct motor development for these children. Since face muscles are used during speaking, children also have problems in articulating their sentences. Low muscle tone coupled with small mouths and somewhat enlarged tongues makes it necessary for these children to have a speed therapy. In speech therapy, a therapist is in charge of the child and helps him learn to articulate. This may be done in several ways, the most basic of which is conversing. If the complications are serious, the therapist may teach the child sign language in order for him to communicate effectively.
The disease is hard to prevent since it is impossible to predict whether the couple will have a baby with Down’s syndrome although some people are at a higher risk of conceiving babies with the condition. The chances of having a baby born with this disorder, increase with the mother’s age. Women above the age of 35 are at a particular risk of having babies with this condition. Even though the genetic makeup of each child is independent of each other, women who already have a child with this condition have been observed to be more like to give birth to babies with Down’s syndrome (Stray, 1995). Also if someone else in the family has Down’s syndrome, then the chances of recurrence are there even though they are very small. It is impossible to prevent Down’s syndrome although it is not very difficult to recognize it. There are certain symptoms that are exhibited by most patient of Down’s syndrome although for confirmation, a chromosomal analysis is necessary. Children with Down’s syndrome have distinctive facial characteristics, like a small mouth or small ears
Down’s syndrome is a very serious condition that sticks for the whole of lifetime; therefore it is very important to give these children a loving treatment. If they are not given proper care, they may grow up to become socially inert and frustrated. Nurses are the only people that are in contact with these patients for a great deal of time after the children’s parents. Therefore nurses have a vital role in the growth and development of such children. The nurse is supposed to treat the patient with love and care even when the child is hesitant towards the nurse. This would allow the nurse to inculcate confidence, love and other emotions in the child’s mind. Also the nurse need to communicate regularly and effectively with the child as this would help in better development of the communication skills. The condition stays for a lifetime and the way the child is treated at an early stage is quite important for his mental development, therefore a nurse has an extremely important role in caring for a patient with Down’s syndrome.
Works Cited
AAP Committee on Genetics. (2001). Health supervision for children with Down syndrome. Pediatrics, 442-449.
MA, D. (2008). Primary care for children and adolescents with Down syndrome. Pediatr Clin North Am, 1099-1111.
Stray, K. (1995). Babies with Down Syndrome: A New Parents' Guide. Woodbine House. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Down's Syndrome Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Down'S Syndrome Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Down'S Syndrome Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Law of Family Break Down

The Domestic Violence Crime and Victims Act 2004, seeks to redress this sorry situation by introducing a series of new measures which will improve the effectiveness of the protection offered to victims and will give the Police powers to arrest perpetrators. The Police are also taking a more practical approach to prosecution, even where the victim does not want to press charges. In the UK 25% to 33% of women experience domestic violence from a male partner in their lifetime, and on an average 1 woman is killed every three days in England due to domestic violence and the frequency of calls to the police for assistance is one per minute. Domestic violence incidents constitute 25% of all reported violent crime, despite the fact that l...
10 Pages (2500 words) Assignment

Prosopagnosia and Capgras Syndrome

... of names and faces in prosopagnosia: A neuropsycho-logical application of the guilty knowledge test. Neuropsychologia, 22, 457-469. Bouvier, S. & Engel, S. (2005). Behavioral deficits and cortical damage loci in cerebral achromatopsia. Cerebral Cortex, 16(2), 183-191. Berson, R. (1983). Capgras syndrome. American Journal of Psychiatry, 140, 969-978. Bienenfield, D., & Brott, T. (1989). Drs. Bienenfield and Brott reply. Journal of Clinical Capgras Syndrome. Psychiatry, 50, 475. Capgras, J., & Reboul-Lachaux, J. (1923). Lillusion des sosies, dans un delire systematize chronique [Delusion of a double, in systematic chronic delirium]. Bulletin de la Societe Clinique de Medecine Mentale, 11, 6-16. Caldara, R., Schyns. P., Mayer, E...
7 Pages (1750 words) Term Paper

Various Aspects Related To HIV and the Deadly Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

HIV is defined as the human immunodeficiency virus, as its infection causes a severe depletion in the host immune response. Its earlier names include HTLV (human T-cell leukaemia virus) type III, LAV (lymphadenopathy-associated virus), ARV (AIDS-associated retrovirus)(Pratt, 1995). The infection by this virus leads to a depressed immune state that the person becomes susceptible to infection caused by microorganisms that are otherwise the normal inhabitants of a healthy human body.

According to UNAIDS (2006) report, the total number of people in the world living with HIV infection has escalated to 39.5 million, which includes 2.5 million children. However, it seems that the disease is more severe in developing countries...
10 Pages (2500 words) Essay

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: How Alcohol Affects Infants and Children

While we know that alcohol negatively affects the child before birth, the exact biological and chemical process is still being studied (Day, 1992).

Classified as ICD-9 and ICD-10 under the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is a manifestation of permanent birth defects that are observed in the children of women who consume alcohol during pregnancy. As reported by Forrest and Florey (1991) as well as Day (1992), the level of consumption or the frequency of alcohol use while a woman is pregnant has an uncertain effect in the amount of damage that can be done to the fetus. Therefore, while the effects before birth are being studied, it becomes an importa...
6 Pages (1500 words) Term Paper

S&T Debt Factors

The agreement contains a credit default contracts that include credit default swaps, default index contracts, credit default options, and credit default basket options. One can use these as part of the mechanism that is collateralized by debt obligations. The goal should be to establish a price for a given risk and controlling credit based on risk. The credit can be allowed by minimization of risk. Credit controllers should develop versatile tools that transfer risk away from a lender’s balance sheet.
d) With reference to the proposed debt counseling business, illustrate and explain exactly how you would organize the debt counseling operation, taking particular care to explain how and when you would receive payment for...
6 Pages (1500 words) Case Study

Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Peppermint Oil

Though IBS is rarely associated with any mortality, patients with irritable bowel syndrome often have a poorer quality of life due to its chronic, relapsing nature, increased morbidity and higher health care utilization than persons without the disorder. Although the cause of the disorder is not fully understood, manometric studies have shown that disordered bowel motility may be responsible for causing some of the symptoms. Diagnostic Criteria for IBS as described by Thompson et al (1999) is as follows:
conventional therapy, comprising of dietary changes like increasing dietary fiber intake, etc, and drugs such as anticholinergics, antispasmodics, and sedatives are often not significantly effective and may not be tolerated b...
14 Pages (3500 words) Case Study

How Did Radio in the 1960's Mark the Changing Social Order in the UK and US

... up in 1964, was the first of its kind and met with enormous popularity. This alternative, underground broadcasting appealed to a new generation who no longer had respect for the establishment. It represented a freedom and liberty to do what they wanted, when they wanted, and was a turning point in radio history. By 1967 nine other major pirate stations had begun broadcasting, before the government began to close them down. However, the tone had been set. Pirate radio stations had also been cropping up in the US during the 1960s. However, rather than appearing offshore as in the UK, the appeared in basements and attics across the States. A number of hoax stations appeared during this period, most famously WBBH, desinged merely to confuse...
7 Pages (1750 words) Term Paper

Falling Down Movie

...Falling Down Introduction After taking some time and watching Falling down a couple of times, one’s mind seems to keep pulling new information. I first saw this movie as a crazy man roaming around Los Angles, but after the third viewing I could see who this man really was and what he cared about most. At times he still came off crazy, but in his point of view he was the normal one. Joel Schumacher did an excellent job of showing the image and unconscious underbelly of society throughout this film. This essay examines the film through a deep analysis of its narrative and associated elements. The essay also offers a personal perspective on the film, and considers it as compared to Paul Haggis’ Crash and Mathieu Kassovitz La Haine. Analysis...
13 Pages (3250 words) Movie Review

Teacher`s Personality Qualities

A teacher is a psychologist who must find a separate approach to every single individual he meets on the way. Thus, teaching is a complex and multifaceted task that requires knowledge, communication skills, and special personality traits. However, being a good teacher is not having an inborn talent, it means being able to improve constantly. In this paper, I want to argue that constant self-development is one of the crucial components that make a great teacher as every quality required from a great teacher is a matter of practice and experience.
There exist certain prerequisites, certain “musts” for being a good teacher. A subject matter knowledge is considered a core of the teacher`s profession. The teacher is s...
8 Pages (2000 words) Case Study

The Difference Between Religiousness and Faith in Flannery O`Connor`s Revelation

... The Difference Between Religiousness and Faith in Flannery O`Connor`s “Revelation” The short story “Revelation” by O`Connorexamines one of the most delicate aspects of faith in God – its deep essence and verity. It seems that for most religions adherence to certain rituals and literal following the Scriptures can be enough for considering oneself a true believer but everything is not as simple as it seems. But even interpretation of the Holy texts requires knowledge and ability to grasp the deep meaning behind metaphors. Religion is just the coverage of faith while what real faith means is the major question for all those who believe in God. The principle character of O`Connor`s “Revelation” Mrs. Turpin seems to be perfect Catholic woman...
7 Pages (1750 words) Book Report/Review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Down's Syndrome for FREE!

Contact Us