Research Critique Institution of Learning: Today, most health care organizations, have shifted their focus from work processes towards the contribution of the human element in ensuring the achievement of set objectives…
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Alongside this, scholars and researchers alike have also been involved in research activities, to examine and gather literature on the role of the human factor in ensuring better patient outcomes. This paper makes a critical analysis of one research conducted on a similar issue. The research titled”How Efficacy Beliefs predict Collaborative Practice: a Two-wave Study among Intensive Care Unit (ICU) Nurses” was conducted by a team of researchers namely Pascale M. Le Blanc, Raoul E. Nap, Marisa Salanova, Susana Llorens and Wilmar B. Schaufeli (Le Blanc, Schaufeli, Salanova, Llorens, & Nap, 2010). In the research, LeBlanc et al (2010) sought to find out how efficacy beliefs i.e. professional competences and work team commitments among intensive care unit nurses affected the quality of collaborative practice between these nurses and physicians (Le Blanc, Schaufeli, Salanova, Llorens, & Nap, 2010). The study was conducted on the foundation that past research has shown the existence of a relationship between professional efficacy and superior work behaviors. However, these observations were not specific to the healthcare industry. Hence, upon this background, the study by LeBlanc et al (2010) aimed to integrate these findings into the healthcare industry, particularly in the intensive care unit. ...
arly, the study hoped to strengthen efficacy beliefs among intensive care unit nurses which would in turn lead to improved collaborative practice (Le Blanc, Schaufeli, Salanova, Llorens, & Nap, 2010). According to the researchers, the study has significant implications in the healthcare industry since it encourages institutions to provide appropriate resources to the ICU nurses, in order to improve both patient and organizational outcomes (Le Blanc, Schaufeli, Salanova, Llorens, & Nap, 2010). The main purpose of the study by LeBlanc et al (2010) was to establish whether the efficacy beliefs held by the Intensive care unit nurses envisaged potential collaborative practices and to investigate whether team commitment played a key role in the development of the relationship between efficacy beliefs and collaborative practices (Le Blanc, Schaufeli, Salanova, Llorens, & Nap, 2010). Consequently, the study was guided by two hypotheses, including Hypothesis 1 which stated “team commitment mediates the relationship between Intensive care unit nurses efficacy beliefs and collaborative practice” (Le Blanc, Schaufeli, Salanova, Llorens, & Nap, 2010). Hypothesis 2 stated “efficacy beliefs, team commitment, and collaborative practice are reciprocally related” (Le Blanc, Schaufeli, Salanova, Llorens, & Nap, 2010). Hypothesis 2 was further divided into two parts including Hypothesis 2a that stated “team commitment lead to stronger efficacy beliefs and Hypothesis 2b that stated “collaborative practices led to more team commitment” (Le Blanc, Schaufeli, Salanova, Llorens, & Nap, 2010). Indeed, the hypotheses formulated by the researchers at this point, appropriately addressed the research problem. Accordingly, in order to test these hypotheses effectively, LeBlanc et al
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The items are grouped into three main domains namely; research team and reflexivity, study design, and data analysis and reporting (Tong A, 2007). This method has been developed following the complexities associated with reporting fundamental aspects of qualitative researches.
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He is joint editor of the online journal People, Place and Policy and was co-editor of Community Cohesion in Crisis: New Dimensions of Diversity and Difference, recently published by Policy Press. Particular areas of Dr Robinson's specialisation are housing market change, social and community cohesion, neighbourhood experiences of new immigration, understanding and responding to racialised inequalities in housing ,homelessness Dr Robinson has published many reports, academic papers and undertaken projects.
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