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HIV and AIDS in California: Focus on Afro American Males Aged 18-50 Years - Essay Example

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HIV and AIDS in California: Focus on Afro American Males aged 18-50 years. A Brief Description about the Demographic and Geographic statistics of California California is situated on the west coast of the United States, and it ranks number one when it comes to population size per state (RTP, 2010)…
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HIV and AIDS in California: Focus on Afro American Males Aged 18-50 Years
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Download file to see previous pages The state is home for millions of people with various backgrounds. The majority of the population of California is found in Los Angeles, San Francisco, Fresno, San Diego and in the Capital city of Sacrament (RTP, 2010). Close to 58 percent of the population speak English while Spanish comes second at 28%. The U.S census conducted in 2010 reported that Non Hispanic Whites and Asian communities form 40.1% and 13% of the population respectively. On the other hand, African American and Indian American communities form 6.3% and 1.0% respectively. People from 2 or more races contribute 4.9% of the population in California. In addition Hispanic and Latinos make a total of 36.75 of the total population in California. Thus, the state has citizens from different racial-ethnic, religious and national backgrounds (RTP, 2010). HIV/AIDS and California The state of California has the second highest HIV prevalence rate after New York (CDPH, 2009). Close to 190 000 people had contracted HIV by April 2009 (CDPH, 2009). According to a report by California department of Public health, Blacks have a higher chance of contracting HIV, followed by Hispanics. The report also indicated that HIV prevalence in California is higher in males than in females. Females contribute only 11.9% of all the people living with HIV in this state. Most of transmission in males occurs via homosexuality (MSM) (64.9%). Most of the HIV victims live in Los Angeles and the San Francisco Bay area. In addition, 0.7% of inmates had contracted HIV according to a report released in 2005 by the California department of public health. In summary the top ten HIV counties are as follows Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Diego, Orange, San Bernardino, Riverside, Alameda, Sacramento, Santa Clara and Costra Rica respectively (CDPH, 2009). On the other hand, the top ten AIDS counties include Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Diego, Alameda, Orange, River Side, Santa Clara, Santa Bernardino, Sacramento and Costra Rica respectively(CDPH, 2009). HIV/AIDS and California: Focus on males aged 18-50 years According to California department of Pubic Health, by 31st March 2009, African Americans constituted 7% of California’s total population. Amazingly, they represent 19.1% of HIV cases and 17.9% of cumulative AIDS cases in California. Since the prevalence of HIV/AIDS is high in African Americans, California is not an exception. Most importantly, African American males are the most affected. The most prevalent mode of transmission is through men who have sex with men (MSM) and MSA/Injection Drug users (MSM/IDU) (CDPH, 2009). However, other modes of transmissions like heterosexual contact also contribute significantly to the spread of HIV in males of California. Males in the age groups that range from late teenage to early 50s (sexually active males) are the most vulnerable. This is the most useful age group to any given population. Thus, AIDS pandemic threatens California’s workforce and men of the reproductive age. In 2002, the institute of medicine (IOM, 2006) published a report dubbed “Unequal Treatment” which gave an analysis of racial health disparities in the U.S. The report indicated that African Americans and Hispanics find it more difficult to access healthcare when compared to their White counter parts. In addition, the African American and Hispanic ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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