Care of the Child with Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 (DM2) - Case Study Example

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Abstract The research article by Dea et al. (2011) has explored the various conditions that lead to type 2 diabetes including obesity (p.42-48). Citing American Diabetes Association (2000), Dea et al. (2011) have said that obesity in children can raise the risk of type 2 diabetes (p.42)…
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Care of the Child with Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 (DM2)
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But it is also reminded that not all children who are overweight are prone to type 2 diabetes (Dea et al., 2011, p.45). Life style modification including a controlled diet regime is recommended along with medication for obese children who develop type 2 diabetes (Dea et al., 2011, p.47-48). The role of the nurse in this whole scenario is also elaborated in this article (Dea et al., 2011, p.48). The tasks of a nurse in this context are explained as “patient care, patient and family education, and case management” (Dea et al., 2011, p.48). Taking note of the risk factors, routine BMI monitoring, and imparting education to the patient and the family on how to change life style are the major steps that come under the duties of the nurse (Dea et al., 2011, p.48). Generally, it is the complex nature of the causes type 2 diabetes and the consequences that involve many co morbidities that is stressed in this article (Dea et al., 2011, p.42-48). The study carried out by Fortmeier-Saucier et al. (2008) has revealed a direct connection between type 2 diabetes and obesity in the sample examined, that is, Mexican American children. This research has taken a direct course towards linking BMI and higher lipid levels to obesity and then obesity to type 2 diabetes in children (Fortmeier-Saucier et al., 2008). The study conclusively showed that 90% of Mexican American children in the sample taken for this study were obese and 75% of them were having at least a lipid value of 2 (Fortmeier-Saucier et al., 2008, p.142-145). Fortmeier-Saucier et al. (2008) have thus attempted to provide a “physiological marker” for type 2 diabetes in children (p.147). There is enough evidence to suggest that Diabetes Mellitus type 2 (DM2) in younger people correspond with the increased prevalence of obesity among them (Dea et al., 2011;). Pointing out that occurrence of type 2 diabetes in younger people “has now reached epidemic proportions”, Dea et al. (2011) have revealed the connections between this disease and obesity and have also called for more research to find out further comorbidities (p.42-48). Another study that tested the BMI and lipid levels of Mexican American children who were suffering from type 2 diabetes found out that 90% of these children were having BMI that indicates obesity (Fortmeier-Saucier et al., 2008). Both these studies have contributed to the evidence based practice of pediatric nurses. Viewed from the perspective of evidence-based practice in pediatric nursing, these and similar research findings form the basis of the administration of nursing care (Brown et al., 2009, p.372). It is these research evidences that help nurses to find “the gold standard for the provision of safe and compassionate healthcare” in nursing care (Brown et al., 2009, p.372). Especially, in pediatric nursing care, “education in finding and assessing evidence, (and) access to evidence” can enhance the quality of nursing care to great extent (Brown et al., 2009, p.374). The benefit of evidence-based practice is enhanced outcomes in the health and the process of curing of the patient (Brown et al., 2009, p.376). In the research article by Dea et al. (2011), there are many points of relevance covered that could lead to evidence based practice in pediatric nursing. For example, first and foremost, the cause-effect relationship Read More
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