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Problem Solving Approach to Patient Care - Essay Example

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PROBLEM SOLVING APPROACH TO PATIENT CARE Name Institution Nursing Tutor Date Introduction In this assignment, the care of a patient on my first placement will be discussed. For confidentiality purposes as stipulated in the nurse’s code of conduct, the patient will be named as Mr…
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Download file to see previous pages Jones since it is holistic and is concerned with how disease progress alters the activities of daily living of the patient. Upon applying the RLT model on Mr. Jones, three problems have been identified: eating/ drinking, mobilization, and death and dying. The nursing model will be implemented for the preparation of the nursing care plan since it is not only a holistic mode, it is also flexible, accessible, and hence can be modeled to suit the specific needs of the client. Respect of Mr. Jones and his preference in care and partnership with other health practitioners will be inculcated in this assignment. At the end of the assignment, care accorded to Mr. Jones with the help of the RTP model will be evaluated and a reflection of my nursing management delineated (Agleton & Chalmers, 2000, p. 10). Nursing models overview Nursing models serve as the foundation of nursing activities since they outline the professional interaction that takes place between a nurse and the patient. Prior to the use of nursing models, nursing was anchored on the medical model. According to this model, the patient gets ill as a result of pathology, once the pathology is detected; treatment modalities are channeled towards eliminating the pathology. It was a mechanized form of managing the patient since it did not take into consideration the other aspects of a patient that may be causing the illness; it did not provide holistic care to the patient. Nursing models are not delicate opinions of nurses, but they are the values, knowledge and ideas that nurses inculcate while taking care of the patients. They are developed following years of practice hence enhancing the validity and reliability of nursing models. They act as a guide in the management of patient, and above all, nursing models are patient centered. This is since they inculcate the nature of the individual, the causes of his problems; the diagnosis arrived at as a result of assessment, the interventions, and assessment of interventions. It is important to determine the nursing model that will be used in the management of a patient so as to have a guideline that aids in optimal care of the patient (Aggleton & Chalmers, 2000, p. 10). The Roper-Logan-Tierney (RLT) model The nursing model chosen to manage Mr. Jones is the Roper- Logan- Tierney model. This is a nursing model that has also been described as the human needs model or the activities of daily living model. This model was chosen in the management of Mr. Jones since it is a holistic model. This is since it focuses on the 12 activities of living and assessment how the illness has affected these activities hence identifying the cause. Priorities are then arrived out aimed at eliminating the cause and hence restoring the health of the patient. The activities are outlined as maintaining a safe environment, communication, eating/drinking, elimination, controlling temperature of the body, play and work, mobilization, personal hygiene, sexuality, sleeping, and death and dying of the patient (Roper, Logan, & Tierney, 2000, p. 20). The model is effective in the management of Mr. Jones since it stipulates the factors that may alter the activities of daily living. It inculcates the environmental, psychological, biological, politico economical, sociological, and educational influences on health of an individual. This cuts across Mr. Jones and how various aspect of his life influences his wellness and illness continuum. Consequently, the Roper- Logan- ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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