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Bloodstream Infections - Research Paper Example

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TOPIC: BLOOD INFECTIONS Blood infections are serious infections that are acquired by hospitalization patients who require intensive care (Ibrahim, 2000).Among the blood infections ,vancomycin resistant Enterococcus, ORSA and coagulase negative Staphylococcus are due to inadequate administration of antibiotics (Ibrahim, 2000).They are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in immune compromised cases and patients who have hematologic malignancies because they receive intensive cytotoxic therapies (Apostolopoulou, 2010).The use of medical device also has a consequence of introducing systemic infections consequently causing device related blood infections (Kojic, 2004) .Examples of these devic…
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Bloodstream Infections
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Download file to see previous pages In USA, it has been reported that increased risk of developing blood stream infections (BSI) is associated with the increased use of central venous catheters (CVSs) in ICU patients especially when the skin catheter site is colonized by bacteria and fungi. This is a major risk factor for CVC infection. Other predisposing factors to infection includes; exposure to mechanical ventilations (Jerome, 2000). Patients receiving TPN are also at risk as they are associated with growth of other microorganisms such as Candida spp and coagulase negative Staphylococcus. ...
an be compromised, there is more exposure to different infectious agents, the hospital is forced to put more stuff for surveillance, prevention and control and this means extra cost. The nurses will also have a lot of work loads if there is under stuffing and more injuries such as needle stick (Stone, 2004). Nursing interventions that impact percentages of blood stream infection. Line management It may consist of daily inspection of catheters insertion sites, taking care of the site by changing the dressing if wet or soiled, time to time documentation of ongoing catheter, ensuring of proper application of CHG impregnated sponge on the insertion site, hand hygiene, using chlordexine during dressing of the site, appropriate flushing procedures, tubing replacement and increasing time allocated for CVC management. Other intervention that impact on the percentages of blood stream infections includes, educating of the stuff so as to make the nurses aware of evidence based infection control guidelines for inserting and also for maintaining of CVCs. This will help in prevention of nosocomial infections and empower them to stop catheter insertion if guidelines have not been followed. Putting in place a checklist will be important in ensuring that the nurses adhere to evidence based guidelines of preventing infections. Creation of a catheter insertion carts will be critical in ensuring that nurses obtain all the materials needed to follow the CDC guidelines for sterile CVV insertions (Guerin, 2010). Aseptic techniques. Aseptic techniques should be used during insertion and caring of intravascular catheters. Clean gloves are recommended for peripheral catheters while sterile gloves are good for arterial and central catheters. Aseptic techniques includes the use of mask, sterile ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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