Nosocmial Infection Related to Having Surgery In A Hospital - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
ABSTRACT Even after provision of care to patients there is annual rise in the rate of Nosocomial Infections. These infections result in substantial morbidity, mortality and increase in cost and are common among nursing home patients. The susceptibility to infection is increased by invasive methods of treatment, deteriorating immune system, functional disability, chemotherapy or old age…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.4% of users find it useful
Nosocmial Infection Related to Having Surgery In A Hospital
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Nosocmial Infection Related to Having Surgery In A Hospital"

Download file to see previous pages This is based on the route, duration and time of administration of the antibiotic after susceptibility test and clinical responses. NOSOCOMIAL OR HOSPITAL ACQUIRED INFECTIONS Care to patients is provided in wide range of facilities ranging from highly equipped clinics to advanced public universities. Despite progress and advancement in hospital care, infections continue to prevail in hospitalized patients and even in hospital staff. Decreased immunity among the patients, variety of invasive techniques creates a kind potential route for the infections to incubate and grow in the ideal atmosphere. Poor controls for the spread of infection can also be the key factor for the stretch of infections among crowded hospital populations. Nosocomial or Hospital acquired infections can be defined as: Nosocomial or hospital acquired infections are defined as the infections acquired by patients during their stay at the hospital, who are admitted for a reason other than that infection and the infection causing agent was not present or incubating at the time of admission. This also includes those infections occurring in staff members or patients who are recently discharged from the hospitals. (Pittet ,2011) EPIDIMILOGY Nosocomial infections occur in both developed and third world countries and it is the major cause of death among hospital patients. A survey conducted by WHO in 55 hospitals of 14 countries including Europe, Eastern Mediterranean, South East Asia and Western pacific. The result shows an average of 8.7% patients suffer from Hospital Acquired Infections every year. The burden of HAI is already substantial in developing countries where Nosocomial infections hit every 5 to 155 patients in regular wards and 50% patients in ICU (Vincent, Rello , Marshall, Silva, Anzueto, Martin,2009). The magnitude of the problem remains ignored or unknown because diagnosis is complex and suirvillience activities requires expertise and resources to guide interventions.(Allegranzi& pittet,2008) PATHOPHYSIOLOGY: Nosocomial infections can be acquired from both exogenous and endogenous sources. Endogenous sources are part of patient’s body or body sites, such as infections growing or incubating inside the body. Exogenous sources are those outside from the body. Examples include visitors, medical personnel, equipment and healthcare environment. HAI’s may be caused by patient’s own flora, the organisms harmlessly entangled with patients own body such as skin (S.Aureus) or intestine (E. coli). The infections targeting ICU patients or patients with weak immune system are those which are the victims of environment filled with the micro-organisms. These organisms usually cause lung infections. Infections may be transferred from one to another person such as Antibiotic resistant micro-organisms are likely to come from the person already infected or colonized from the organism, via the hands of health care worker or through the environment where the patient is being cared for. C.difficile is the causative agent for diarrhea and can be carried in the intestine of the patient or can be acquired from other patient already infected because C. Difficile produces spores which make it easier for their spread and also make it resistant to unfavorable conditions. The agents causing HAI are mostly viruses, bacteria’ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Nosocmial Infection Related to Having Surgery In A Hospital Research Paper”, n.d.)
Nosocmial Infection Related to Having Surgery In A Hospital Research Paper. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/nursing/1434288-nosocmial-infection-related-to-having-surgery-in-a
(Nosocmial Infection Related to Having Surgery In A Hospital Research Paper)
Nosocmial Infection Related to Having Surgery In A Hospital Research Paper. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1434288-nosocmial-infection-related-to-having-surgery-in-a.
“Nosocmial Infection Related to Having Surgery In A Hospital Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1434288-nosocmial-infection-related-to-having-surgery-in-a.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Nosocmial Infection Related to Having Surgery In A Hospital

Remote Surgery

...? Remote Surgery Introduction Similarly with computers’ revolution, the last half of the 20th century marked massive change in the field of robotics and as we speak, they are making such great impact in advancement of technology and development especially in the 21st century. So far we have witnessed robots carry out critical tasks such as manufacturing of automobiles and other consumer services and goods by speeding and streaming up the design and assembly process. Amazing we have even robots functioning as robots pets and lawn mowers. Additionally robots have been utilized to reach destinations that man has not yet landed, such as depths of the sea and other planets and heavenly bodies (Borzellino 120). With this growing trend... they are...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper

Infection Control Programme in Intensive Control Unit in Indian hospital

...are at an increased risk of acquiring infections as compared to patients in general wards or other areas of the hospital (WHO, 2002). Bacteria have been the traditional source of nosocomial infection but with increasing use of antibiotics, urinary and central venous catheters, invasive surgeries, chemotherapy, mechanical ventilators, increasing incidence of other infectious microorganisms such as viruses and fungi, have become one of the leading causes of nosocomial infections (WHO, 2002). Nosocomial infections extends hospital stay and increase both morbidity and mortality. Moreover,...
92 Pages(23000 words)Dissertation

Staphylococcus Infection

...natural defense systems, but this is not always the case. Marrie et al (1982) found the bacteria as part of the normal flora in the urethras of 6% of normal, healthy women. According to Boyce ( 1996) those who have the bacteria already somewhere on their body are more likely to develop Staphyloccal based infections. Staphylococcus Infection Figure 1 Gram stained staphylococcus bacteria in pus When staphylococcus infection occurs it can come in several forms e.g. skin infections such as boils, furuncles and styes. The same bacteria can cause deep seated infections attacking the bones or the myocardium, and it can cause very serious...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

The Case for Open Heart Surgery at Cabarrus Memorial Hospital

.... Actually, this can be regarded as a key decisive factor for extending the range of procedures. Considering the hospital’s mission, it should be emphasized that the hospital has the sufficient base for heart surgery and therapy; therefore, the open heart program will lower the risks for the patients, who need angioplastry, and other invasive therapies. Considering the planned expansion of the hospital, the open heart surgery program is required for attracting experienced heart surgeons as well, while the lack of experts may be regarded as a stop factor. Considering the necessity to review the mission, the CMH will have to consider...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Using hospital robots for surgery saves time and lives

...acquired a robotic system that facilitates surgeons and other medical staff to carry out even extremely complex and fragile operations through very tiny incisions. Patients are likely with these types of operations where cuts are less than a few inches in diameter. Alabama hospital values the life of every patient and we learn that the time spent to complete a single surgery can be significantly reduced by the adoption of appropriate robotic technology. Our medical staffs including surgeons have been competent and very efficient, but with the changing technology and increasing complexity of surgical operations, we saw the need to adopt this amazing technology. Robotic technology is not...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Surgery

...and their concerns were alleviated, hence facilitation in decision-making was provided. Similarly, throughout the hospital course, patient education regarding various issues such as medication usage, wound care, pregnancy related issues, etc was provided. PHARMACOLOGY Morphine belongs to the class opioids and is categorized as a controlled drug i.e. its prescription and dispensing is controlled by the federal law since it can be potentially abused (Timby, 2008). Moreover, this drug can have several potentially harmful and at times, lethal outcomes and thus, vigilant monitoring of the patient during its administration is required. With regard to morphine administration, it is recommended...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Catheter Related Blood Stream Infection

...of blood stream infections (BSI). In fact, up to 20-40 percent of blood stream infections in hospitalized patients may be caused due to a CVC (NSW Health 2005). This nosocomial bacteremia is often referred to as 'line sepsis'. Guidelines for the prevention of (CRBSIs) have been formulated by CDC. These are targeted at the intensive care personnel who are involved in the insertion of these catheters and post insertion management and care of these catheters, particularly the nursing staff. It is proposed that in addition to the existing guidelines, this study will provide ample evidence for the use of PICCs in ICU setting to reduce the rate of CRBSI. Review of...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Infection control in the hospital

...The Individual Experiencing Health and Social Care Infection Control in the Hospital Introduction In response to Health Awareness Week, this theoretical assignment has been designed to provide the theoretical support of the A5 Leaflet. This assignment also partly related to individual experiencing Health and Social Care. This document will provide explanation and supporting evidence from contemporary literature that justifies the contents of the leaflet and the basis and reasons for their inclusion in it. Given the topic, this note intends to discuss various local and national policies on social and healthcare as are relevant to adult nursing in the context of infection...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Outpatient Surgery

...Outpatient Surgery Outpatient Surgery Introduction Saving time and minimizing hospital bills are of great value to the patient.These considerations have led to the establishment of an outpatient ambulatory surgery. Ambulatory or outpatient surgery is a form of surgery that does not require the patients to stay in the hospital overnight for treatment. There has been an increase in growth in outpatient surgery over the years. This has been attributed to advancement in technology and the increase in centers for outpatient surgery. The paper will discuss the types of patients...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Cosmetic surgery

...plastic surgery has only seen a steady increase. This is manifested by the growing number of surgical clinics that offer both invasive and non-invasive procedures. Expectedly, the demand is not limited to just a certain group of people. Rather, it encompasses a variety of nationalities from Chinese to Russians and Italians. People have various reasons for getting cosmetic plastic surgery. Where some believe that their new looks would make them more confident and aid them in moving up the corporate ladder, others, like in those in the entertainment industry, undergo cosmetic surgery to keep their jobs. Still others are of the mind that cosmetic surgery...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Nosocmial Infection Related to Having Surgery In A Hospital for FREE!

Contact Us