Nobody downloaded yet

Evaluation of Infection Control in Hospitals - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
In the 19th century, hospitals were considered as hazardous places. At that time, there was limited knowledge on the transmission and epidemiology of hospital acquired infections. Hygiene was relatively poor in these institutions and as a consequence many died during surgery and childbirth due to infections (CAG, 2000; POST, 2005; Davis, 2005).
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.6% of users find it useful
Evaluation of Infection Control in Hospitals
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Evaluation of Infection Control in Hospitals"

Download file to see previous pages The National Audit Office noted in its 2000 report that nine percent of all inpatients or one in every eleven inpatients in England had hospital acquired infection at any one time. This prevalence is higher than hospital acquired infections in Denmark (8%), Spain (8%), Netherlands (7%), Norway (7%) and Australia (6%). Only France (6-10%) and USA (5-10%) had higher incidence ranges (CPSO, 2004; Davis, 2005; POST, 2005).
Furthermore, this figure is equivalent to approximately 100,000 hospital acquired infections per year. The effects of hospital acquired infections to patients range from minor discomfort to mortality in around 5,000 cases. These infections are considered as contributory factors to approximately 15,000 deaths a year (College of Nurses of Ontario, 2005; POST, 2005; Davis, 2005).
A report by the Nosocomial Infection National Surveillance Service from 1997 to 1999, covering 96 hospitals in England showed 47 percent of microorganisms that cause surgical site infections were staphylococci. Eighty-one percent of these were Staphylococcus aureus and 61 percent were Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) (CPSO, 2004; Davis, 2005; POST, 2005).
All of these occurrences are attributed to o...
In order to know the root of the problem which is the declining level of hygiene in hospitals, the sources and possible routes of infectious materials should be identified. Gaps and loopholes for the proper handling of such infection sources and vectors should be highlighted. Next, appropriate steps should be put in place that will answer these inefficiencies together with the responsible hospital staff for each task. Lastly, monitoring and maintenance systems should be developed to ensure long-term success in these efforts with emphasis on in any areas where improvements are needed (College of Nurses of Ontario, 2005; POST, 2005; Davis, 2005).
Studies and information already available for the abovementioned factors will be reiterated here. However, this paper will focus on other areas where data are lacking and further research is warranted. More specifically, the role of social workers in the proliferation and solution of hospital acquired infections will be assessed. Furthermore, research gaps in this area will be identified towards the development of qualitative and quantitative research methodologies.
Epidemiology of Hospital Acquired Infections
Hospital acquired infections are also referred to as nosocomial infections. These are infections that develop during the patient's stay in the hospital that were not previously present. There are two types of hospital acquired infections: autoinfection wherein the causative agent is inherently present in the patient but started to proliferate during confinement because of lowered resistance level, and cross-contamination wherein the causative agent comes from outside the patient which infects and develop during the patient's stay in the hospital (CPSO, 2004; Davis, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Evaluation of Infection Control in Hospitals Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1510251-evaluation-of-infection-control-in-hospitals
(Evaluation of Infection Control in Hospitals Essay)
https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1510251-evaluation-of-infection-control-in-hospitals.
“Evaluation of Infection Control in Hospitals Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1510251-evaluation-of-infection-control-in-hospitals.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Evaluation of Infection Control in Hospitals

Infection Control

...corpses would lead to tuberculosis infection. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDCP (2005) noted that persons handling bodies are at risk of contacting TB through infectious aerosols. 90% of the infected never develop the disease unless their immunity is compromised. Prevention Health care institutions should initially and continuously conduct evaluations on transmission risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This would guide on the kind of environmental, administrative and respiratory protection control to adopt (CDCP 2005). This would also be important in evaluating the quality of infection...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Infection Control

...proved that urinary tract and surgical- site infections have been on decline. This could be due to increased surveillance and reduced stay in hospitals for the patients. Such studies gives a reason as to why the topic on infection control should be looked at more seriously if the world is to acquire minimum hospital-acquired infections. According to Burke (2003), infection control is a significant part of ensuring patient safety. This is because it ensures surveillance in the programs that are directly linked with the infections. The type of surveillance involved has been known to help...
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Paper

Infection control

...?INFECTION CONTROL Introduction Healthcare is provided to patients in different settings throughout the world. Whether the patients receive medical attention in makeshift clinics or in technologically advanced hospitals, there are chances that they may get infected by disease spreading micro organisms. These infections cause discomfort to the patient and hinder the recovery process and in severe cases may even cause death. As the cost of treatment also increases, the hospital acquired infections are actually a burden on the government as well. The extended stay of the patient results in the loss of work thereby depleting his/her financial resources. Ever since the hospital acquired infections were identified, steps have been taken... to...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Infection Control - Pandemic Planning

...? Infection Control - Pandemic Planning Infection Control - Pandemic Planning Introduction Since the outbreak of SARS in2003, the Federal government and other global interest groups like World Health Organization have been giving specific focus to the concept of pandemic planning. Today, business managements also pay particular attention to this concept. Pandemic planning is a documented strategy prepared in the context of a widespread outbreak of a fatal infectious disease. This concept has a broader scope in workplaces, communities, and in vulnerable areas nationwide. The 2009-H1N1or swine flu was declared as a pandemic by the World Health Organization in 2009 (CDC,...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Infection Control

...products. Reference list--- -- Abraham I Braude, 1981, " Medical Microbiologyand Infectious Diseases" Vol II, pp1395, W.B Saunders Company -- Candace Friedman, Kathleen H Peterson,2004, "Infection Control in AmbulatoryCare", pp126, 127, Jones and Bartlett Publishers -- Chica-Canada Position statement on Medical gels, 2005 (http://72.14.203.104/searchq=cache:JhRKR1_XKNsJ:www.chica.org/pdf/medgels.pdf+infection+control+ultrasound&hl=en) --http://www.medi-inn.com/geldisp.htm -- Dr.Yi ZM, Yang H, Xiang XD, 2003, "Characteristics of bacteriology and drug sensitivity in patients with COPD...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Infection Control Guidelines

...Lack of Compliance in the Infection Control Guidelines amongst some Nurses Introduction: Attention to infection control and concerns over transmission of infection to other patients or to a patient who is at risk of infection is very important in the healthcare setting. There is evidence dating back to the early part of the 19th Century of theories and practices designed to minimize infection risks associated with healthcare delivery. The nurses are in a unique position to practice strict followership of infection control techniques in the hospital setting since it is...
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay

Infection Prevention and Control in Hospitals

...Difficile-Associated Diarrhea in a Long-Term Care Facility" Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 54 (7) , 1068-1073 Gupta, J. (2006). in "The Infection Prevention and Control Annual Report" http://www.cnwl.org/uploads/ICR_Report_%202005.doc. Nunan, C., and Young, R. (2007). "MRSA in farm animals and meat: a new threat to human health" http://www.soilassociation.org/web/sa/saweb.nsf/librarytitles/NT00024E06.html/$file/MRSA%20report.pdf Taylor, J. (2005). "MRSA, Cleaner Hospitals Programme - progress report in light of NICE guidelines." http://www.midtrentccn.nhs.uk/EasySite/lib/serveDocument.aspdoc=19807&pgid=12663 The Mid Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Infection Control

...Appraisal of the article How much do medical know about infection control Taking good care of the hygiene aspects is very important for hospitals in particular and the health industry in general. This helps not only in taking on the competition as the hospital is counted as adhering to quality standards, but it also infuses confidence amongst the consumers of hospital services. The medical fraternity including doctors and other support staff are supposed to take adequate precaution while dealing with infection related issues. Infection control is considered a topical issue amongst the practitioners and...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Infection Control

...). In this light, more emphasis should be put on the need to increase training in order to maintain hygiene as one way of preventing avoidable ailments. Even though there are numerous measures adopted by hospitals to control pathogen's transmission, including appropriate building designs to enhance proper aeration, the simple and basic practice of hand hygiene has not been heavily emphasized and therefore, remains an important measure for preventing infections. As echoed by Sax et al. (2007), these infections affect patients in different ways from intense pain, discomfort, disability and in some cases death. The other notable burden is that such...
19 Pages(4750 words)Essay

Central line infection in hospitals

...Clinical problems Introduction Part the clinical problem The clinical problem in this research is ineffective communication skills in hospitals Preliminary research question What brings about ineffective communication skills? Does it relate to unsatisfactory service delivery? Patients and nurses interact through communication. (Chant ET. Al., 2002). This makes it a very demanding role in the nursing career. For the last few years, most patients and other clinical evaluators have realized that most of the nurses are very ineffective in their way of communication. For such a problem to occur, it is very evident that they lack information on what most of their patients suffer from. While such a problem can...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Evaluation of Infection Control in Hospitals for FREE!

Contact Us