Nobody downloaded yet

Literature review: Vitamin D Supplementation in Pregnancy - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Vitamin D Supplementation in Pregnancy Introduction Vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy and in babies of vitamin D deficient mothers has been found in a number of populations, including isolated northern Canadian aboriginal people ( Scroth et al 2004). However, as Hollis and Wagner point out ( 2004), there has been relatively little research into this topic until recently…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.5% of users find it useful
Literature review: Vitamin D Supplementation in Pregnancy
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Literature review: Vitamin D Supplementation in Pregnancy"

Download file to see previous pages . This paper will consider the scientific data available form various studies in order to determine why Vitamin D supplementation is so advantageous for the development of embryo and then fetus as well as the mother involved. The aim is to discuss and consider best practice according to both the patient’s medical history and after researching the best practice of supplementation of vitamin D according to the patient’s clinical records and available empirical studies. The paper will deal with an understanding of why it is important to treat women with vitamin D, its safety, efficacy and best practice regarding its safety, optimum levels of vitamin D level during pregnancy and the way in which the literature reflects this . Background In pregnancy each individual’s medical history should be taken carefully and clearly. Also various tests will need to be performed, and this should include checking levels of vitamin D using the 25 hydroxyvitamin D blood test ( Med Line Plus 2010) . After this a well prepared clinical plan can be followed, which includes the introduction of vitamin D to any vitamin D deficient women in pregnancy. ...
t should be borne in mind that overdosing can cause difficulties, especially in the long term as ‘spare’ vitamin D is stored in fatty tissues and may reach levels which are toxic. This can have a number of side effects, not all clearly understood as yet and during pregnancy toxicity can cause retardation of infants. ( American Pregnancy Association 2000) Vitamin D affects many organ systems and the level of vitamin D needed for optimal function in many tissues is not yet defined. (Dawson-Hughes & Harris, 2010, p. 1861). Because of such factors it is therefore necessary that levels for each women should be checked so that a dosage regime can be decided upon. Low levels are not just a factor in areas with low sunlight levels. The Royal Women’s Hospital, Victoria, states that among dark skinned women and Muslims who cover their skin Vitamin D deficiency can be a problem ( 2011) citing a number of studies such as Mason and Diamond 2001. As reported by Litonjua & Weiss (2007):- Coupled with inadequate intake from foods and supplements, this then leads to vitamin D deficiency, particularly in pregnant women. (p. 1031). It should be noted that sufficient vitamin D cannot be obtained from diet, especially in vegetarians.( Office of Dietary Supplements , 2011) and in pregnancy women may avoid such sources of Vitamin D as eggs which precipitates more problems. This is because vitamin D is “both a nutrient and a hormone” (Litonjua & Weiss, 2007, p. 32). Developing a Question According to Courtney & McCutcheon (2010) the PICO (Patient, Intervention, Comparison and Outcome) model defines the meaning of nursing practice following research questions as consisting of 4 definite parts, namely: Patient – All vitamin D deficient women in pregnancy. Intervention – Performing ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Literature review: Vitamin D Supplementation in Pregnancy Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Literature Review: Vitamin D Supplementation in Pregnancy Essay)
“Literature Review: Vitamin D Supplementation in Pregnancy Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Literature review: Vitamin D Supplementation in Pregnancy

Teenage pregnancy

...? Teenage Pregnancy Contents - page 2 Introduction - page 2 Reasons for this study – page 6 Thesis – page 6 Method – page 6 Literature Review – page 7 Analysis of literature review Future Actions Conclusion References Abstract This essay considers teenage pregnancy, taking into consideration the factors which promote it, the services available to young people and their suitability. It looks at possible future actions, with the realisation that these should meet the real needs of these young mothers and their children, rather than needs as perceived by others. Many of the research studies only involved relatively small numbers of participants, but there was a commonality among many of their findings, in...
36 Pages(9000 words)Literature review

Postural Changes associated with Pregnancy

... Williams & Wilkins. Saccomanni, B 2010, ‘Low back pain associated with pregnancy: a review of literature’, European Orthopaedics and Traumatology, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 169-174. Sabino, J & Grauer, J.N 2008, ‘Pregnancy and low back pain’, Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine, vol.1, no.2, pp. 137-141. ‘Simpson, K.R & Creehan, P.A 2007, Perinatal nursing, 3rd Illustrated edn: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Sloane, E 2002, Biology of women, 4th Illustrated ed, Cengage Learning. Tiran, D & Mack, S 2000, Complementary therapies for pregnancy and childbirth, 2nd Illustrated ed, Elsevier Health Sciences.... ?Postural changes associated with pregnancy Introduction There have been a number of researches and studies on the...
20 Pages(5000 words)Literature review

Teenage Pregnancy Literature Review

...?Teenage pregnancy Task: Teenage pregnancy has become a national problem in the society and various measures are being proposed on countering it. Therefore, this paper is going to conduct a literature review of numerous books that cover this explosive subject from its causes to preventions and repercussions. It also observes the differences of traditions, cultures and income values as expressed in countries around the world and their link with teenage pregnancy (Piehl 2009 p. 123). Methods used I have chosen this topic to shed light on the various repercussions that afflict girls impregnated in their teenage years. It will also cover the factors that cause and how it can be prevented....
4 Pages(1000 words)Literature review

Effective Physical Activity and Diet to Avoid Weight Gain during Pregnancy

...., Gratton, R., Hammond, J., Hanley, A., Harris, S., Sopper, M. M. (2010). Nutrition and Exercise Prevent Excess Weight Gain in Overweight Pregnant Women. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 42(2), 265-272. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181b5419a Ronnberg, A., & Nilsson, K. (2010). Interventions during pregnancy to reduce excessive gestational weight gain: A systematic review assessing current clinical evidence using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 117(11), 1327-1334. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2010.02619.x Schlussel, M. M., Souza, E. D., Reichenheim, M. E., & Kac, G. (2008). Physical activity...
4 Pages(1000 words)Literature review

The use of hypnosis in pre-conception and early pregnancy problems

..., S. (2008) Hypnosis and fertility: how can hypnotherapy improve the IVF experience and increase the chances of success? (online) Available from Ismail SK, Kenny L (2007) Review on hyperemesis gravidarum. Clinical Gastroenterology. 21, 5, 755-769. Kallen, B., Lundberg, G., & Aberg, A. (2003). Relationship between vitamin use, smoking, and nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica, 82(10), 916-920. Lacasse, A., Rey, E., Ferreira, E., Morin, C., & Berard, A. (2008). Validity of a modified Pregnancy-Unique Quantification of Emesis and Nausea (PUQE) scoring index to assess severity of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy.American journal of obstetrics... and gynecology, 198(1), 71-e1. Lee, N. M., & Saha, S....
4 Pages(1000 words)Literature review

The invitro effect of sildenafil citrate on the outcome of pregnancy in mice and offsprings

...? The Invitro Effect of Sildenafil Citrate on the Outcome of Pregnancy in Mice and Offspring ID Number: PhD Embryology. Date: Infertility is the inability of a woman to conceive a baby after a year of progress unprotected sex (Zegers-Hochschild et al, 2009). It is necessary to establish a normal uterine blood flow so as to ensure the development of a successful embryo. Around the world, many couples experience difficulty conceiving a child. As a result of the continual expansion of the assisted reproductive technologies (ART), people have learned to accept the practice of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), gestational surrogacy, the zygote intrafallopian transfer, the gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), oocyte,...
5 Pages(1250 words)Literature review

Clinial Excercise physiology(Osteoporosis)

...resting periods plays an essential role for the bone health. Borer (2005) defined exercises for osteoporotic patients to be energetic, not inert; surpass the threshold strength; alternating rest, and workouts, weight inflicting exercise patterns along with appropriate nutrient balance. The diet must be supplemented with subsequent amount of calcium and cholecalciferol for vitamin D. Reduction of weight as an upshot of physical deeds must be evaded and sufficient intake of diet encompassing appropriate amount of protein, vitamins and minerals be given. Thus, physical activity is an add-on to nutrition or other therapies (Prior, 1996). Recommendation to physical...
10 Pages(2500 words)Literature review

Discuss and Evaluate how to Improving Prenatal nutrition in the UK

... Decker Doyle, Wynn A. H. A, Crawford, M. A., & Wynn, S. W. (1992). Nutritional counselling and Supplementation in the second and third trimester of pregnancy, a study in a London Population, J Nutrition Med. 1992; 3: 249-256 Frank, G. C. (2007). Community nutrition: applying epidemiology to contemporary Practice: Sudbury, Mass, Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Fowles, E. R. (2004). Prenatal nutrition and birth outcomes, Journal of Obstetric, Gynaecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 33(6), 809-822 Harnisch, D. R. (2012), prenatal care. Philadelphia, Saunders. Imdad, A., Yakoob, M. Y., &Bhutta, Z. A. (2011), the effect of folic acid, protein energy and Multiple micronutrient supplements in pregnancy... ...
12 Pages(3000 words)Literature review

Seale, C., D. Cavers and M. Dixon-Woods, (2006) Commodification of Body Parts: By Medicine or by Media, Body and Society, 12(1): 25-42

.... For instance, other people have continue to hold that selling body parts for diverse purposes is showing is disregarding the value of life of the concerned people. Bibliography Seale, C., D. Cavers & Dixon-Woods, S. 2006. ‘Commodification of Body Parts: By Medicine or by Media?’Body and Society. Vol 12, No 1: 25-42. Tumber, H. 2004. ‘Scandal and Media in the United Kingdom: From Major to Blair’, American Behavioural Scientist. Vol47, No 8: 22–37. Waldby, C., M. Rosengarten, C & Fraser S. 2004. ‘Blood and Bioidentity: Ideas about Self, Boundaries and Risk among Blood Donors and People Living with Hepatitis C’, Social Science and Medicine. Vol 59, No 1: 61–71... OF LITERATURE REVIEW Introduction In the recent past, there has been an...
2 Pages(500 words)Literature review

Critically discuss the use of low glycaemic index diets in the treatment of diabetes mellitus

.... Wolever et al. (1994) stated that glycaemic control is essential in lessening the risks associated with diabetic complications as well as improving the quality of care. A lesser GI diet has been proven as an ultimate remedy for diabetic individuals improving the pregnancy outcomes of diabetic pregnant women especially when used during the first trimester of pregnancy (Louie et al. 2013, 259). Thus, it is a treatment option that can be undertaken among pregnant women with diabetes but, the safety in regards to the treatment results as well as the associated pregnancy outcomes has not been established (Louie et al. 2013, 261). Shyam et al. (2013) conducted a research study with an aim of...
7 Pages(1750 words)Literature review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Literature review: Vitamin D Supplementation in Pregnancy for FREE!

Contact Us