Research in Healthcare: An Overview Based on Polit and Beck (2004, p. 18), the purpose of research in healthcare is to address problems relevant for the healthcare professions. In all disciplines, there are two basic types of research: basic and applied. Basic research seeks to formulate or refine a theory while applied research attempts to find a solution to a practical problem (Polit and Beck 2004, p…
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For Polit and Beck (2004, p. 14), two important paradigm in research are positivism and naturalism. Ontologically, the positivist paradigm asserts that reality is objective and singular while the naturalistic paradigm holds that reality is multiple and subjectively constructed by an individual (Polit and Beck 2004, p. 14). Epistemologically, the positivist paradigm considers that the researcher is independent of its subject and, thus, findings are not influenced by researcher (Polit and Beck 2004, p. 14). In contrast, the naturalistic paradigm assumes that findings are product of the interactive process between the researcher and the researched (Polit and Beck 2004, p. 14). Axiologically, the positivist paradigm maintains that values and biases must be rejected in the interest of objectivity but, contradicting this, the naturalist paradigm hold that subjectivity is unavoidable (Polit and Beck 2004, p. 14). ...
18). Following Conger (1998), Bryman et al. (1988), and Alvesson (1996), Ospina (2004, p. 2) pointed out that there are at least three advantages in employing qualitative research. First, qualitative research designs are highly flexible as the research design can be modified in the course of research as unexpected situations unfold. Second, qualitative research is sensitive to contextual factors. Third, unlike quantitative research, qualitative research is more appropriate for symbolic dimensions and meanings. Hancock (2002, p. 2) pointed out that qualitative research is most appropriate for finding out the motives for behaviour, how opinions and attitudes are developed, how people are affected by events, and how social groups are different from each other. Hancock (2002, p.2) pointed out that qualitative research can concern itself with an elaborated description of the opinions, experiences, and feelings of individuals, something which quantitative research usually cannot do or can do so in a very limited way. There is an array of qualitative research techniques. Creswell (2007) focused on five: narrative, phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography, and case study. Narrative studies involve the documentation and study of written or spoken texts (Cresswell 2007, p. 54). A narrative study can be an autobiography or a recording by the subject of the study (Cresswell 2007, p. 54). It can also be a biography which is a study in which a researcher writes and records the experience of another person (Cresswell 2007, p. 54). A narrative can also be life history when the narration portrays a person’s entire life (Cresswell 2007, p. 54). For healthcare studies, one possible use
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(“Research Methods in Healthcare Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
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(Research Methods in Healthcare Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“Research Methods in Healthcare Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1428582-research-methods-in-healthcare.
Table of Contents Abstract 2 Part 1: Elements of Grounded Theory 4 Theoretical Sampling 4 Transferability of the Results of the Study 5 Part 2: Reason for Study Undertaking 6 Justification for Study Undertaking 6 Suitability of the Research Approach to Research Question 6 Limitations 7 Reference List 8 Part 1 Elements of Grounded Theory Levy (2006) authored an article entitled “Protective steering: a grounded theory study of the processes by which midwives facilitate informed choices during pregnancy” which used grounded theory as a methodology (p.
Mostly, in the United States, it was observed that patients with the mental disorders and drug abuse would not get any treatment they would instead bring clients together. This was according toRidgley, Osher, Goldman&Talbott, 1987.However there were some patients who were lucky enough to get treatment but unfortunate for them the results of services given could either be random.
The healthcare system still fails to find a unified measurement method to assess the various quality elements. The complexity involved in the healthcare system is creating difficulty to evaluate the service quality. Structural quality measurement and process quality measurement are the two different quality measurement methods or tools that are utilized in the organization’s quality measurement process.
Meta-synthesis is a technique that can help establish qualitative research as a viable source of evidence. In this approach multiple qualitative research studies on the same topic are combined and synthesized into a best evidence paper providing what would be best practice at the time of review (Hughes & Davies, 2009).
These guidelines include specific rules and regulations for the ethical treatment of research subjects as well as the governance of informed consent. These guidelines transcend all methodological specifications. In conducting research, the researcher has to consider the nature of the study he/she intends to conduct, the ethical ways in which data can be gathered, the benefits/risk ratio as well the level of evidence available for the research study.
ressed this educational curriculum as it pertains to developing countries where this opportunity for educational advancement and specialization has been far less accessible than in more developed nations of Western Europe and the USA. The focus of this journal article is the
The author states that critical appraisal is an essential step in the process of putting research into practice. The Nursing and Midwifery Council requires registered nurses to be able to provide a good standard of care, as such is essential that nurses are able to properly synthesize and critique quantitative data.
56). This is because understanding care and compassion as provided for by Dorothy and Ross help both new qualified staff nurse to develop an outstanding insight into care provision. To amplify this further, understanding
Research results have shown that males develop schizophrenia at a younger age and have poor outcomes compared to females who develop schizophrenia. This suggests significance of gender and age on incidence of the disorder and quantitative methods, with survey design is proposed. Non-experimental design will be implemented through survey.
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