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MEMORANDUM - Research Paper Example

Willie Jones, a bus driver for the MTA, who was charged for the crime of aggravated result and sentenced for five years, versus the cost of sentencing him to five years on probation. COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS PRISON PROBATION Annual Operating Cost of Prisoner in NY $36,835 Annual Cost of Probationer in NY Prison $4,000 Construction Expenses for Prison Cell $259,807 Operating Expenses for Prison Cell $259,807 Operating Expenses for Prison Cell $577,702 Salaries of Jail Personnel $1,969,750 Medical Expense $219,735 Food Expense $ 66,618 Utilities $85,824 TOTAL EXPENSES $ 3,216,271 TOTAL EXPENSES $ 263,807 TOTAL X NO. OF YEARS (5) $16,081,355 TOTAL X NO. OF YEARS (5) $1,319,035 NET COST OF INCARCERATION $ 14,762,320 In the above given figure, the Net Cost of Incarceration to the Taxpayer for Imprisonment is far more costly than the expenses incurred for probation. Here, the average Annual Operating Cost of Prisoner in New York is $36,835 per prisoner per year. “This is based on the Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report of the U.S. Department of Justice, for 2001 State Prison Expenditures conducted in the year 2004” (Stephan, 2004). On the other hand, the Annual Operating Cost of Prisoner in New York is only $4,000 per probationer per year. ...
It is more advantageous for the government to resort to probation rather than incarceration. Aside from the fact that it is more practical because of the accumulation of savings for the government, “probation has the ability to provide services to

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offenders while they are in the community”(Carlan, Nored and Downey, 2010). In a normal procedure of incarceration or imprisonment, the offenders will have to wait for the long line-up before they can join the rehabilitative programs. In such an instance, an inmate will have to spend years waiting for his turn before he can enter the rehabilitative programs. This is not the case in probation, “whereas in the community, a greater variety of programs and more alternatives” (Carlan, Nored and Downey, 2010) are available for the offenders. In incarceration, several expenses are incurred per inmate. Some of the costs include Operating Costs of Prison Cells, Construction of Prison Cells, Salaries of Jail Personnel which require maximum supervision for serious crimes committed, medical, food, and other utilities spent on the prisoners. Aside from these basic expenses, there are also social programs costs for each convicted felon. In most cases, these felons are reported to have declared dependents who expect to receive welfare benefits from the government such as the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), Medicaid Programs of Social Security and also the Federal Food Stamp Program. In sum, the ballooning cost of maintaining a prison cell for convicted felons sets a drawback in the government’s expenditures. The Cost-Benefit Analysis which has just been conducted only proves that there are more advantages for the government in a long-term basis,
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This memorandum serves as a recommendation on the cost/benefit analysis comparing the expenses incurred for incarcerating of convicted accused Mr. …
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