StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Chronic Pancreatitis - Term Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The following term paper "Chronic Pancreatitis" deals with the chronic disease. According to the text, Chronic Pancreatitis is a heterogeneous, progressive disorder of the pancreas characterized by a spectrum of symptoms pain, inflammation, diabetes mellitus, etc…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.1% of users find it useful
Chronic Pancreatitis
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Chronic Pancreatitis"

Download file to see previous pages General Description Chronic Pancreatitis (CP) is a heterogeneous, progressive disorder of the pancreas characterized by a spectrum of symptoms pain, inflammation, diabetes mellitus, and pancreatic damage leading to significant loss of both endocrine and exocrine functions of the pancreas (Witt and associates, 2007; DiMagno & Dimagno, 2006). Pathology involves fibrosis in the pancreatic parenchyma that manifests irregularly. Other organs in the vicinity are also affected as consequence of the disease that may commence as an individual or a group of symptoms resulting from functional impairment of pancreas. The major clinical symptom of the disease is recurring or persistent pain within the abdomens. The chief cause of CP in the western world is alcohol abuse leading to alcoholic calcific pancreatitis (ACP). The other form of CP known as tropical calcific pancreatitis (TCP) prevalent in tropical countries is of uncertain etiology (Lee, 2011). Based on the risk factors CP is classified by the TIGAR-O (Toxic-metabolic, Idiopathic, Genetic, Autoimmune, Recurrent and severe acute, Obstructive) classification system (Nair tet al., 2007). Figure 1: Anatomy of the pancreas (http://www.britannica.com/bps/media-view/68636/1/0/0) Pancreas: Normal Physiology Pancreas is a retroperitoneal structure in the upper abdomen that can broadly be divided into head, body, and tail (figure 1). A major portion of pancreatic tissue comprises of acini (80%) that are responsible for the exocrine functions of the pancreas. Groups of aciniform spherical lobules that are interspersed with connective tissue. The central ducts of each lobule in which the secretions of the surrounding acinar cells accumulate, join to extralobular ducts that finally drain into the main pancreatic duct. The main pancreatic duct carrying the secreted digestive enzymes enters the hepatopancreatic ampulla along with bile duct. At the duodenal papilla, the enzymes enter the duodenum (Adda et al., 1984). The endocrine functions of the pancreas are performed by the richly vascularized islets of Langerhans. The islets of Langerhans comprise of beta, alpha and delta cells that secrete hormones insulin, glucagon, somatostatin respectively. The most abundant beta cells (73-75%) are centrally located and are surrounded by alpha cells (18-20%) and delta cells (4-6%). The rich vascularization allows for the transfer of hormones from the islets while the specific arrangement of the alpha, beta and delta cells allows paracrine regulation of hormones. Thus high concentrations of the insulin secreted by the central beta cells inhibit glucagon release from the peripheral alpha cells. The venous blood flow from the islets of Langerhans reaches the hepatic portal vein, rendering the liver the prime target for the impact of pancreatic hormones. The rich innervations of the pancreas ensure the release of several neurotransmitters in the pancreas that regulate the release and concentrations of hormones (Case, 2006). During normal physiology, in the basal state, the secreted pancreatic fluid is mildly alkaline comprising a few proteins. Gastric distension and acid production during eating stimulate duodenal S cells causing the release of secretin. Under the influence of the secretin, a large quantity of the bicarbonate-rich watery liquid or the hydraulic secretion is released from the ductal cells of the smaller ducts.  ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Chronic Pancreatitis Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved de https://studentshare.org/nursing/1392601-chronic-pancreatitis
(Chronic Pancreatitis Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/nursing/1392601-chronic-pancreatitis.
“Chronic Pancreatitis Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1392601-chronic-pancreatitis.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Chronic Pancreatitis

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

...Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Breathing Problems When youre short of breath, its hard or uncomfortable for you to take in the oxygen your body needs. You may feel as if youre not getting enough air. Sometimes mild breathing problems are from a stuffy nose or hard exercise. But shortness of breath can also be a sign of a serious disease. Many conditions can make you feel short of breath. Lung conditions such as asthma, emphysema or pneumonia cause breathing difficulties (NLM, 2009). Heart disease can make you feel breathless if your heart cannot pump enough blood to supply oxygen to your body. Stress caused by anxiety can also make it hard for you to breathe. If you often have trouble breathing, it is important to find out...
6 Pages (1500 words) Article

Chronic Heart Failure Patients: Dealing With High Risk or Low Risk

... The article selected for critical appraisal is "Effects of a multidisciplinary, home-based intervention on planned readmissions and survival among patients with chronic congestive heart failure: a randomized controlled study" by Stewart, S., Marley, J.E., & Horowitz, J.D., published in 1999 in Lancet, 354, 1077-83. The purpose of this study by Stewart and colleagues (1999) was to measure the effects of a multidisciplinary home based intervention on planned readmissions and survival among patients with chronic congestive heart failure (CHF). The hypothesis (null) in this study was that there would be no difference in the frequency of unplanned readmission plus out-of hospital deaths, during a minimum of 6 months of follow-up, among...
6 Pages (1500 words) Research Paper

Moving toward Preventive Education - Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

... Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is the fourth leading cause of death and the second leading cause of disability in the United States. It entails chronic bronchitis or emphysema or at times both. While twelve million people in the US have been diagnosed as positive with COPD, there are another twelve million who are living in without knowing that they are suffering from the disease (Felner & Schneider, 2008). With such high figures of people living with COPD in one of the most developed countries in the world, and the disease causing such a high mortality rate in a country with one of the most advanced health care system and easy access to health care, there is an increased need for preventative education. COPD does...
7 Pages (1750 words) Research Paper

Chronic Respiratory Disease

...Chronic Respiratory Disease Introduction Chronic conditions are one of the most difficult conditions to overcome and manage for any patient and for any health profession. These conditions often cause much discomfort and the manifestation of various symptoms sets forth difficulties in the management of daily activities. These conditions often impact significantly on patients and health professionals, making them vulnerable to further health deterioration. This paper shall discuss the case of Carissa, a 79 year old female, admitted for lower back pain, for chronic respiratory disease, and for cognitive impairment. Carissa was admitted two days prior to consultation due to a worsening cough attributed to chronic respiratory disease...
9 Pages (2250 words) Case Study

People with Chronic Conditions in Missouri

... Vulnerable Population: People with Chronic Conditions Focusing on Diabetes in Missouri Insert Customer Name Insert student name Insert Course Name and Number Insert Instructor’s Name 10 September 2012 Introduction Every society has a group of individuals who have higher chances of contracting health related problems. This kind of people are said to be vulnerable to the identified health care issues and they make up what is called vulnerable populations. According to Chesney & Anderson (2011), a vulnerable population is a group of people that might have a higher risk of developing health care problems compared to other groups of people in a community. The high risk might be contributed by their social-cultural status...
8 Pages (2000 words) Research Paper

Eating habits and food choices can contribute to the onset, development or management of chronic health conditions

...Effect of Diet on Early Onset of Chronic Diseases: A focus on Obesity Effect of Diet on Early Onset of Chronic Diseases: A focus on Obesity The concerns about personal health have become so common in the current era; most people would love to surpass life expectancy. In this regard, the world population has resorted to adopting practices that promote health. Conspicuous among the practices has been the urge for people to take a balance diet. Indeed, it has been widely agreeable that diet is particularly crucial. A balanced diet has the potential of checking on the early onset of various chronic diseases, including obesity. Obesity refers to a medical condition that is characterized by building up of excess fat around the body tissues...
6 Pages (1500 words) Assignment

Eight Reasons Why Doctors Fear the Elderly, Chronic Illness, and Death by Jonathan Lieff

In this paper, there will be a summary of the article, as well as comments regarding various selected aspects, identification of various changes, which are relevant and have occurred since the publishing of the article. In addition, make suggestions for the areas that additional research findings would aid in the comprehension of the current state of psychological medical care with regards to the issues brought up.

The author described research findings made at the time the article was published, which were indicative of well-documented and widespread prejudice, as well as avoidance (Lieff, 1982). The author also suggested that American Medical Schools were found culpable of fostering this behaviour. The article also d...
8 Pages (2000 words) Article

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

...A Critical Evaluation of the Professional, Practical and Ethical Issues Related To and Raised by Park, et al. The focus of this essay isto discuss and critically analyse the research conducted by Park et al. (2010) which explored the use of xenon ventilation computed tomography (CT) to diagnose Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). There are questions that are needed to be answered such as the efficiency and the need for the tests undertaken in the study. Another question is the usefulness or the significance of the outcome of the method, as it can contribute to revolutionising and updating the mainstream applications used in the medical and biological field. The professional, the practical and the ethical aspects are issues...
16 Pages (4000 words) Research Paper

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

...DOES MYALGIC ENCEPHALOMYELITIS (ME) EXIST? By of the of the of the School 14 July Introduction In our day to day lives, we get tired. Depression is part of life, but the mystery of chronic fatigue syndrome is that it is not what we experience on a daily basis. The earliest trait of this illness is pronounced fatigue that is sudden and characterized by relentless or deterioration, causing an early and easy exhaustion as well the feeling of hangovers by someone who apparently has no reason for the feeling. Myalgic Encephalomyelitis is an incapacitating disorder and is also known as the Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. It is known to affect both the physical and psychological functions of the body. For a long time, the condition had not been...
8 Pages (2000 words) Case Study

Global Health: The Impact of Chronic Poverty and Climate Change

With regard to the positioning of health, the health and well-being of people should be the primary goal of a government and society as a whole. Generally, good health is part of the overall goals of a society and is fundamental to human well-being, environmental protection, and social and economic development. It is a fundamental element of good governance and sustainable development. Although a number of modern constitutions entail a dedication to health, this dedication must be rendered practical in new ways so as to ensure human rights become the basis of governance for health: health is a familiar and common responsibility to everybody (International Rescue Committee, 26). For governments, governance for health is considered...
8 Pages (2000 words) Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Term Paper on topic Chronic Pancreatitis for FREE!

Contact Us