StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Pancreatic Cancer - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Pancreatic Cancer Instructor University Pancreatic Cancer Introduction: Malignant cancers are considered to be among most devastating medical conditions not only because of associated high mortality rate but the way it affects the quality of life of the victim…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.9% of users find it useful
Pancreatic Cancer Research Paper
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Pancreatic Cancer"

Download file to see previous pages In the past two decades, research has concluded that cancer is a genetic disease (Reber 1998). Alteration in the DNA molecules can lead an abnormal and uncontrolled growth of any cell. Although, cancer can affect virtually any cells in a human body pancreatic cancer has been a topic of debate because of its relatively poor prognosis and a reputation of being a silent killer. Among all cancer deaths, pancreatic cancer is assumed to be the fourth most common cause. Therefore, it is very crucial to understand the different types of pancreatic cancers and their clinical presentation to identify their existence at early stages. Anatomy of Pancreas: A review of anatomical location and orientation of pancreas is crucial as to diagnose an abdominal mass to be pancreatic in origin. Pancreas is an elongated retroperitoneal organ located transversely across the posterior abdominal wall. It lies posterior to the stomach between spleen and the duodenum. Pancreas can be divided into four parts that includes head, neck, body and tail. Head is the widest part and is situated in the C shaped curve of the duodenum. Inferior vena cava and the renal vasculatures are important structures in close proximity to the head of pancreas. The neck of the pancreas is a relatively short part that lies anterior to the Superior mesenteric vessels. Behind this part two important veins, superior mesenteric veins and splenic vein joins to form Portal vein. Body of the pancreas is a tapered part located posterior to the omental bursa and in close proximity to the aorta at the level of L2 vertebra. The tail also known as cauda pancreatis is the terminal end of the body and is situated near the gastric surface of the spleen. Because of its close association to the spleen much of the blood supply of this region is shared by the two organs. Physiological Function: Pancreas serves two main purposes in our body. It acts as both an exocrine and endocrine gland. The exocrine part of the pancreas forms about 90% of the total mass. The exocrine secretions include the pancreatic juices that are required for the digestion of the food. These secretions include enzymes such as amylase, lipase and proteases that are secreted into the pancreatic duct that opens into the duodenum. From the histological aspect, these exocrine secretions are produced by cells arranged into acini, known as acinar cells. They are trapezoid in shape and contain granular cytoplasm with nuclei located near the base. The rest of the 10% of pancreatic tissue is formed by the endocrine part that consists of islets of Langerhans distributed throughout the organ. But most of these endocrine cells are clustered at the tail end of the pancreas. Alpha and Beta cells are the two main types of endocrine cells that produce Glucagon and Insulin respectively. Other types of endocrine cells are also evident on immunohistochemistry that secretes vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), Somatostatin and other hormones. Pancreatic Cancer Epidemiology: In United States, pancreatic cancer is the fourth most common cause of cancer related mortalities. Certain factors predispose its occurrence in the general population such as age and gender. The data collected over the years has shown trends that the incidence of pancreatic cancer increases with age and it affect male population more than the female population with a 3 to 1 ratio for those younger than 40 years of age. The divergence of ratio between the gender declines slightly as the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Pancreatic Cancer Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
Pancreatic Cancer Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1447496-pancreatic-cancer
(Pancreatic Cancer Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
Pancreatic Cancer Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1447496-pancreatic-cancer.
“Pancreatic Cancer Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1447496-pancreatic-cancer.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Pancreatic Cancer Research Paper

Analysis of Breast Cancer

...Analysis of Breast Cancer Breast cancer is a malignant proliferation of the epithelial cells, which line the lobules or ducts of the breast. Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers occurring in women. The goal of nursing in patients with breast cancer is to help them maintain their strength and to help them cope with the physiological and psychological problems of cancer. The various psychological problems include anxiety, depression, emotional liability, fear of death, etc. This essay aims to explore the pathophysiology and clinical signs and symptoms of breast cancer, identifying the common risks involved with treatment for breast cancer, and the nursing...
15 Pages(3750 words)Research Paper

Cancer as One of the Most Highly Prevalent Diseases in Modern Times: Various Types of Cancers Among Humans

...Cancer is a term used to refer to a group of diseases and it is one of the most highly prevalent diseases in modern times. The disease occurs mainly due to uncontrolled abnormal cell growth and their invasion of various tissues of the body. This mainly occurs due to various mutations that take place at the DNA level of the cell. This in turn affects that normal division and multiplication of the cell which results in the formation of a mass of cells referred to as a tumor. A tumor is said to be cancerous if it moves from its place of origin to nearby tissues and other parts of the body through blood or lymph. In this case it is referred to as a malignant tumor. However, it could also be benign, wherein they do not spread, they can...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Distribution and Determinants of Breast Cancer

...Abstract Any form of cancer is deadly be it lung, mouth or for that matter breast cancer. The cancer starts in the breast cells and rapidly multiplies within no time. This type of cancer is not mutually exclusive to women, this is a very wrong perception that only women get breast cancer, even men are likely to get breast cancer but they are less prone to the same. This paper will throw light upon what breast cancer is all about, the risk factors, the distribution and determinants of the same and the paper will also focus upon the lack of knowledge among people relating to the same. Description and definition of Breast Cancer According to a study, breast cancer is the second most common type of cancer second to only lung cancer...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Does Smoking Cause Lung Cancer

...Smoking and lung cancer Whether active smoking causes lung cancer has been a of hot debate for a long time. Since lung cancer has been diagnosed among patients who have never smoked and many long-time smokers enjoy a full and disease-free life, it was difficult to correlate smoking as a cause for lung cancer. In particular, the tobacco industry and its lobbyists had tried long and hard to prove that there had not been any direct causal relationship between the two; whatever empirical relationship had been purely coincidental. In view of this, the research question is to establish beyond doubt the direct causal relationship between active smoking and lung cancer. It is difficult to establish such a relation genetically. It is much easier...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Prostate Cancer Concerns about Screening in Early Detection

...Prostate Cancer Concerns about Screening in Early Detection Introduction Prostate cancer is only found in men and constitutes by far the commonest form of cancer in men across the borders. The reason why the cancer affects men only is due to the fact that it affects the prostate gland that is only found in the male reproductive system. This form of cancer is malignant and can spread to other parts of the body if early detection and intervention are not facilitated in time to arrest the tumor. Spreading to other tissues usually happens at an advanced stage, creating an intervention opportunity for patients who seek medical attention. Generally, about nine in ten cases of the cancer are dormant and lack of marked disturbances largely...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Screening for Early detection of Colorectal Cancer

...Screening for early detection of Colorectal Cancer Among Americans Colorectal cancer is the 4th commonest type and it is capable of being cured if caught in the early stages. In Canada it is the second most fatal type of cancer ( Colon Cancer Check, Ontario, January 2011) It begins with the growth of small polyps which can bleed and which in time can both cause cancer and narrowing of the lumen. The cancers can also spread to other parts of the body. The incidence of the condition rises after the age of 50. Dr Dennis Lee (1996) lists a number of possible causes. These include family history, a high fat diet and a history of ulcerative colitis. Lee states that it is thought that the breakdown of fats in the intestine produces carcinogens...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Quality of Life in Women with Breast Cancer Post Mastectomy

...Quality of Life in Women with Breast Cancer Post Mastectomy Table of Contents Page 3 Introduction Page 4 Justification of the Problem Page 4 Statement of the Problem Page 4 Review of the Literature Page 5 Theoretical Framework Page 7 Purpose of the Study Page 7 Definition of Terms Page 7 Methodology Page 8 Subjects Page 8 Setting Page 8 Procedure Page 8 Data Analysis and Presentation Page References Page Abstract Over 250,000 new breast cancer diagnoses are made each year; and, treatment of the majority of those cases will include a mastectomy. Furthermore, since breast cancer survival rates are also increasing, it is important to help breast cancer...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Environmental Factors and Cancer Incidence and Mortality in Different Countries, With Special Reference to Dietary Practices

...Environmental Factors and Cancer Incidence and Mortality in Different Countries, With Special Reference to Dietary Practices ABSTRACT It is a well known fact that nutrition plays a major role in prevention of cancer together with other lifestyle changes and physical activity. Researchers support the plant based diet to be the best for the prevention as well as in those survivors of cancer. A variety of fruits and vegetables need to be added to once diet and it is good to select these fruits and vegetables based on different color. Different phytonutrients are present in fruits and vegetable with different color and a variety based on this criterion would be easy for identification by a layman. A diet that has high fiber food...
14 Pages(3500 words)Research Paper

Nano in treating cancer

... Number] Nano in Treating Cancer The human body is a complex system that is made up of several cellsthat combine to ‎form organs, tissues, organ systems and what not. Therefore, when a part of the body is harmed ‎and needs to be fixed, it would be difficult to administer a drug that would only affect the ‎inflicted area. For this purpose, the Nano technology was created. Nano, rising to its name, is a ‎very small particle that acts as a target drug. Nanoparticles act where required leaving the other ‎cells unharmed. They are organic in nature as Nano components consist mainly of Carbon atoms ‎only which are hybridized and covalently bonded (Selvamuthukumar et al 103). ‎ The Nano technology is fast developing in cancer treatment...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Breast Cancer Screening

...Breast Cancer Screening Introduction Approximately 12 percent of American women in their lifetime is affected by breast cancer - the second most common type of cancer (Humphrey, Helfand, Chan & Woolf, 2002). The risk of developing this disease increases with age. Thus, it is common in older women above 50 years of age. Many deaths associated with cancers are due to late detection that results in poor treatment outcomes. In order to prevent or improve the treatment of breast cancer, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommended for every person between 50 and 74 years old to have a screening mammogram every two years. In addition, those of 40 to 49 years should contact their doctors and plan for testing. However, anyone with cancer...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Pancreatic Cancer Research Paper for FREE!

Contact Us