The aim of the essay “Myocardial Infarction” is to analyze a serious disease of coronary which occurs due hardening or narrowing of arteries when cholesterol plaque builds up. Blockage of arteries leads to a major reduction of blood supply, causing necrosis of heart muscles…
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The infarction site depends on which vessels are involved. For example, if a blockage occurs in a circumflex coronary artery, this leads to lateral MI while blockage of a right coronary artery can lead to right-sided heart failures (Life nurses forum: Nursing care plans For Myocardial infarction). There are many predisposing factors to the higher number of MI cases. Some of these factors can be controlled while others cannot. These factors are; age, gender, positive family history of MI, high blood pressure, obesity, high levels of cholesterol, lack of physical activity, diabetes, stress, hypertension, increased serum triglycerides, excessive intake of saturated fats, salt and carbohydrates (Salim). Other risk factors include sedentary life, increased homocysteine and C -resistance proteins and use of drugs such as amphetamines and cocaine (Life nurses forum: Nursing care plans for myocardial infarction; (Haffner).About 20% of patients with MI have diabetes (Salim). The symptoms of MI includes; arm, epigastric and chest pain, breath shortness, diaphoresis, clammy skin dizziness, nausea, vomiting, angina frequency, fatigue, presence of pericardial friction rub, systolic murmurs, bradycardia, hypertension, absence of jugular vein distension, activity intolerance, decreased cardiac output, anxiety, among other symptoms (Life nurses forum: Nursing care plans for Myocardial infarction). Nursing process in Myocardial infarction. The nursing process is a very important thinking tool and involves a number of stages. Assessment This stage involves collecting and recording of data so as to obtain the necessary information which will help a nurse or a clinician to predict, detect, prevent, manage and eliminate health problems and associated risk factors. During the assessment, the nurse should be able to clarify the expected outcomes and the advantages of the care. These outcomes should be measurable. The nurse should also be able to choose intervention strategies to be used in achieving the desired results and promoting patients health (Afaro) Diagnosis Diagnosis is very important as it helps in analyzing and synthesis of data so as to facilitate drawing of conclusions. Diagnosis can be achieved through physical examination of symptoms. Other diagnostic tests which can be used include, detection of elevated levels of homocysteine and C- resistance proteins, electrocardiogram, use of cardiac troponin to differentiate between MI and injury of skeletal muscles. This can also be achieved by looking at the family history to identify if there is the positive relationship. During diagnosis, the nurse should identify patterns and produce a list of suspected problems and also rule out the presence of other health issues. Identification of symptoms is important as this may help the nurse to refer the case to more qualified personnel if need be (Afaro). The nurse should be able to clarify actual and potential health issues and the associated risk factors.
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(Myocardial Infarction Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Myocardial Infarction Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1392196-myocardial-infarction.
Design A combination of both quantitative and qualitative approaches using analysis of synthesized primary and secondary data from clinical trials and cardiac/coronary research. Setting The setting of the study will be health institutions emergency departments.
Plagues are deposits of cholesterol over the wall of the blood vessels. They are formed due to gradual deposition over a period of time (Alpert et al, 2000). Sometimes, plaques rupture and can result in blood clots within blood vessels. These clots block the blood vessel and result in sudden decrease of blood supply to the myocardium.
Imbalance between demand and supply of oxygen to the muscles of heart can occur either due to decreased supply of oxygen to the heart muscle or due to increased oxygen demand, or both. The main cause for ischemia of the muscles of the heart is coronary artery disease and hence ischemic heart disease and coronary artery disease are often used synonymously.
An imbalance in this predisposes the heart muscle to ischemia, which means reduced blood flow. The tissue death as a result of ischemia occurs because of two reasons, reduced oxygen supply and the decreased delivery of nutrients, both of which are brought in by the flow of blood though the heart muscle.
The studies have found that the administration of streptokinase within 6 hours of acute myocardial infarction can reduce the mortality rate. As the time increases, the mortality rate increases and the effect f streptokinase is present in the body upto 48 hours.
These factors are; age, gender, positive family history of MI, high blood pressure, obesity, high levels of cholesterol, lack of physical activity, diabetes, stress, hypertension, increased serum triglycerides, excessive intake of saturated fats, salt and carbohydrates.
Various diagnostic features aid in determining MI; these include sustaining regional ST rise through ECG, cardiac enzyme studies etc. In developed nations like the United States, deaths from heart disease are more abundant than the mortality from cancer. One in five deaths in the United States is due to coronary heart attacks.
Not surprisingly, ethical issues aroused from this development, prompting researchers to identify and to harvest adult stem cells (ASC), as well as develop induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) by reprogramming specialized adult cells, although the latter is only used in drug development (National Institutes of Health, 2009).
Cardiovascular defects such as malformation of heart structure, holes in the heart, abnormal valves, or abnormal heart chambers could exist at births. When the condition is present at birth, they are referred to as congenital heart disease. These may
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