Maybe, for this reason the most monumental figures in history of Western classical music were working in genre of a symphony in later 18th – early 19th century. Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven are commonly considered to…
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The key feature is a ternary: themes’ exposition, development and reprise. When exposition, themes are introduced. There are primary and second themes, a connection part between them, and a closing part which introduced a new mode. A development implies themes development. It’s a reverse to exposition, because introduced themes are transforming here. When reprise, themes are sounding again, but with some changes with a view of themes’ development. By this structure a contrast and repetition are conveyed. It’s important, because they are two features symphony and sonata forms have in common.
Second part usually is slower, and therefore it makes a contrast with a first part. This part can also be composed in a form of sonata, but more often it takes a form of rondo, or rondo-sonata. When it’s a rondo, a primary theme is repeated at least three times, and it intersperses with other, different from each other, episodes. It ends as it starts, with a primary theme. The formula describes the structure:
In case of a rondo-sonata, the interspersion keeps, but they are primary and second themes which intersperse with each other. In the center of the structure is a theme development. The formula describes the structure:
Third part of a classical symphony is usually composed in a complicated ternary form. It can be minuet or scherzo. Third part takes features of these dance genres, and therefore is similar to a dance: the metre is 3/4 and etc. The formula of the movement is:
Beethoven, who is known for his “changing the symphony” practice, used a scherzo for a third part in most of his symphonies (“Symphony in the Classical Period”). Scherzo is fast moving, and can be defined by themes’ roll calls, communication of instrumental parts and sudden steps, because originally, scherzo is an instrumental joke, a play. Yet it should be mentioned, that Beethoven is considered to be “a
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(Classical Symphony Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“Classical Symphony Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/music/1679030-classical-symphony.
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