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Vocals were very important and were the anchor of the Native American music (Pritzker, 1998). Singing and percussion was crucial and songs ranged from solo to responsorial and multipart singing (Barreiro, Akwe: kon Press. & National Museum of the American Indian ,2004). Music was mainly done by groups of people and hence there was no musical harmony and the rhythms were irregular. The people who sang songs were very passionate and spiritual and when they sang, they did it to involve spirits, make rain or heal the sick. Music form different tribes differed in terms of vocals and dancing styles. A common characteristic in all Native American music is that while dancing, men danced round in circles while the women danced in one place. Native American music is very intricate and complex due to the combined vocals and varying sounds from drums and flutes. The music began at a lower note and gradually grew faster and more emphatic both in vocals and sounds from the musical instruments. The natives were from very many tribes ad each tribe had a unique dancing style and hence the Native American culture in music is so rich. Tribes such as the Eskimos produced simple music and simple dancing styles while other tribes such as the Zuni and Hopi are characterized with very complex music comprising of different vocals and many dancing styles. The Native American music has not been replicated in the modern music, but the folk dances of the present day resemble those of the past.
Music played a vital role in the Native American communities was simply unavoidable (Barreiro, Akwe: kon Press. & National Museum of the American Indian ,2004). Music was played for historical purposes, for education and for passing of information from one generation to another. Most songs contained information that the different tribes wanted to keep and hence such songs were often played. Ceremonial music was respected since it was said that they originated
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Native American art has two faces- one is handmade art-work and the other comprise of performances (Dagan). These two aspects are common for all Native American cultures. And art is always associated with some element of spirituality. For a Native American who makes traditional pots, “clay is alive-it has spiritual power and a kind of energy” (Williams et al., 29).
More important, there is a part of the Native American culture which continues to dominate over American history and into the current day. While this is often ignored in traditional American history and is set as a stereotype and boundary, there are implications which show the importance of defining and understanding the history and beliefs of Native Americans as a part of the American culture.
Methamphetamine abuse is administered either orally, through needle injection, smoking or intranasally. Methamphetamine was also used as an over-the-counter-medication for asthma, colds, and hay fever in the 1930s (http://www.montgomerycountytn.org). During World War II methamphetamine was used by American soldiers to have energy to keep fighting; and after World War II, intravenous abuse of methamphetamine became rampant as military’s unused supply of the said drug became available to the public.
Furthermore, the Native Americans lost many of their people because they had not acquired immunity against the new diseases brought by the Europeans. American Indians were oppressed by the colonizers and the treaties they made with them were violated and broken (Calloway, 2001).
This paper shall discuss how Europeans related to the cultures, concerns and lifestyle of the Native Americans, and the impact the diseases and illnesses, and the weather conditions of North America had on creating the novel
Due to this factor, the Native Indian American image has been used to create company logos for soft drink companies, cloth line companies such as ‘Indiana’ and various sports teams especially in the American football