Urban music is a prominently used term but the nature of its origin is not clear. Today, it is popularly known as a term used in referring to black music or music of black origin made by artists regardless of nationality or descent. …
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Urban music is a prominently used term but the nature of its origin is not clear. Today, it is popularly known as a term used in referring to black music or music of black origin made by artists regardless of nationality or descent. Debates and arguments about the term and its wide scope is an ongoing topic among the music industry, music fans and artists across the countries.Urban music is a genre that is very broad. If you look underneath urban music, there are a number of core elements that include hip-hop, R&B, garage and into that obviously comes soul music. Urban music also includes reggae, rock n roll, blues and jazz but the term is most popularly attached or instantly linked to hip-hop. According to J. Decibel, urban music is a cultural movement among African Americans that began in New York City in the early 1970s but it was in the 1980s that urban music or hip-hop became popular1. In Hip-Hop and Youth Culture, Hip-hop is defined as mostly rhyming, rhythmic spoken word art-form known as rapping2. It includes a whole larger culture that involves rap, baggy clothing, break-dancing, graffiti, language and a lifestyle.Urban music or hip-hop in particular has become a common form of communication and enjoyed by young adults and children relatively throughout the world. Unlike in the earlier days, this music genre is no longer limited to plain art of music and dancing. In Hip-Hop and Youth Culture, it was mentioned that urban music has evolved into a multi-billion dollar industry that has greatly manipulated a lot of industries like automotive design, fashion, television programming, collegiate and professional sports, media marketing and advertising3 . Music is essential in youth culture and in that sense urban music's potential to influence is rampant that it has stringed its way into young people's lifestyles particularly because it is a form of recreation that promotes creativity and self expression. Rapping in particular is a way of pronouncing one's pride in his/her community that also becomes a form of competition where a rapper can display his skills and support or defend their respective communities.
It is unquestionable that adults tend to defer acceptance of this culture in comparison to young adults. Young adults are more inclined in adopting the culture when they are being reprimanded and especially when they know that adults don't understand nor like what they were into. Young black people embrace the culture because they sympathize to the music that is singing their lives. For young people that do not have any connection to the urban community or urban culture, there is still a lot of question as to why hip-hop or urban music fascinates them and this is nothing new especially for middle and upper-middle class young people. One apparent reason could be fascination to what is prohibited. Another could be that hip-hop music is exciting and offers a brutally honest view of life that embodied the prevailing values of society.
Hip-hop and rap music started out as an art form to express social awareness and it did gather success in inspiring a certain amount of activism. It did not achieve the attention of the music industry and the music cable television program MTV though until it turned violent and unpredictable. The music industry became interested on the business possibilities that the music genre's hype could bring.
Today with the upsurge of the billion dollar industry that this music genre has produced; unsettled prevalent consequences are emerging. One is the youth gang culture that is said to have influences from the "gangsta" life portrayed in violent lyrics and in the lives of some artists themselves. Violent lyrics pertain to offensive language, chauvinism, sexual promiscuity, fear and discrimination of homosexuals, parental and domestic abuse and the "gangsta" pride of refusing authority. As a result, popular culture readily identifies "gangsta" rap, hip-hop and in effect urban music as glorifying violence, rape, murder and drug
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Many studies indicate that teenagers, who spend more time than their peers listening to negative hip hop music are more likely to disrespect themselves, their teachers, be arrested, and be promiscuous. Parental involvement has been shown to decline in recent years in the areas of what young people's listening choices are these days.
popular culture and the diffusion of hip hop into the Arab world have been accompanied by the mainstreaming of hip hop" (Maira 161). Because of the overpowering force of globalization, hip hop erupted from its African American roots to spill into ultra-conservative corners of the world such as the Middle East.
Youth and Urban Culture Culture is defined as refinement of the mind and manners with proper education and training. It represents excellence in the aesthetic standard that means “the best that has been thought and said in the world” (Hebdige 6). It indicates certain manner in the ordinary behaviour while leading a particular way of life.
Acting as the eyes and ears of what she observed, she has faithfully recorded their thoughts and opinions, even using their particular vocabulary to give credence to their voices. The book reveals the thoughts, words and music of Chicano and Latino youth culture as they try to inculcate themselves in American society but at times are held back by their consciousness of a unique identity, language and social hierarchy.
Youth gang members incarceration predicts a number of concerns about their influences on juvenile detention facilities, undermining of programs, and the compromise of institutional security and public safety. Most information about the nature and extent of youth gangs in juvenile confinement is only partially complete.
No one can reasonably deny music's power. For reasons not entirely understood, music affects the mind, emotions, and even the physical body as no other art form can. Its capacity to elicit powerful, even unforgettable emotional and physical responses makes music an indispensable accessory to most forms of religious worship, from the trance dancing of shamans to the singing of Christian hymns.
They can be formed by peer pressure and self-indulgence. Gangs comprise of socially excluded individuals who are supported by an underground economy, usually criminal behavior. Gang members want an identity which they can zealously guard and
In addition, the politics of identity has lowered economic development in the region. Therefore, it is a scenario that calls for strict adherence to the principles of leadership, other than the personal perception.
The author underscored the
My experience in the class helped me understand this because of the energy involved and the opportunity to use one’s creativity.
A regular hip hop dance class is divided into four parts. The first part is warming up to prepare the student mentally and physically
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