Download file to see previous pages...
According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, the Alleluia was introduced into Western churches around the fourth century and sung in response to the reading of the psalms (Bewerunge, Henry. "Plain Chant."). However, it is generally believed that the official recording occurred in the eighth century when St. Gregory made the effort to compile his beloved church music. It is at this time that the neum, the name of the strange characters, came into existence. (Bewerunge, Henry. "Neum"). The Alleluia was a melismatic composition which means that there were complex notes and melodies carried out on one syllable. The manuscript shows the squiggles streaming after the "a" in "Alleluia" which would suggest that the sound of the "a" is prolonged in the melody. The marks indicate how the sounds are sung or modulated, that is, whether there are glides or trills for example. Accent signs such as the acutus (/) written from left to right over a syllable would indicate a rise in the melody and the gravis, drawn downwards () would be the opposite, to lower the note. The gravis was abbreviated over time to only a dot, or punctum, and as a result was used in combination with
(Last Name) 2
other marks to determine the melody. For example, in the group scandicus it shows an ascending group of three or more notes, drawn from left to right, and in the group climacus (), a descending group of notes (Bewerunge, Henry. "Neum"). The Alleluia chant was first used at Easter Sunday, then extended for the entire Easter period, then, courtesy of St. Gregory, again extended for use during the entire year with the exception of the period before Lent (Bewerunge, Henry. "Plain Chant."). As a praise to God, it seems appropriate that it should be used more than one or two times a year.
The Agnus Dei is another example of plainchant or Gregorian chant as it is commonly called. However, the neums have evolved into another form in order to further convey the musical meaning. The Catholic Encyclopedia translates the Latin words ""Agnus Dei, qui tollis peccata mundi, miserere nobis" to "Lamb of God, who takes away the sins of the world, have mercy on us" (Henry, Hugh. "Agnus Dei (in Liturgy)"). In Henry Hugh's same article, he states that the Agnus Dei is generally used toward the end of the service before the giving of the Holy Communion. He also mentions that it is also found at the end of litanies, with a slightly different wording and in Requiem Masses. Early Agnus Dei plainsongs were mostly syllabic, where each syllable was given its own note and were mostly sung during days of "penitential character" such as during Lent or Advent, except Good Friday and Holy Saturday (Henry, Hugh. "Agnus Dei (in Liturgy)"). This example of the Agnus Dei is more embellished, and it falls into the neumatic category, where two or more notes, are applied to one syllable. Sometimes up to a dozen notes are used in the neumatic form and it differs from the melismatic compositions where one will find a syllable carried for dozens of different notes.
At the beginning of each four-line staff, there is a notation on the upper line and this tells what mode or key the piece will be in. In this case, it is the mode of C. The other popular mode was the key of F and later, the key of G was introduced. Bewerunge notes in his article in th
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
At the very start the power went out for one and half hours and the organizers used battery powered lights to provide little bit of illumination within the hall. Some doors were also opened with a hope of some more lights coming through there but it was least needed.
20th Century Music History Gershwin’s status as a classical composer is a productive one, and from his classical there is a resemblance present between concert and popular idioms, and looking at his classics over the years, Gershwin never encountered the problem of large scale that is regarded as a classical definitive quest.
trated through the first segment of the book in its thorough discussion of the Native American music already present on the continent when white people began arriving, the folk music these white people brought with them and the types of music brought in when African people were
With its origins in Puerto Rico, this vibrant dance is meant for couples. It allows the male dancer to move more freely and with more flexibility than his female partner. Drums, a guiro or a maraca and a cowbell are used as
One of the important features of this period was the use of color. While the new instruments were being constantly added to the orchestra, composers also tried to get new or different sounds out of the instruments that are already in use.
There were not any major events that represent the starting point of the Classical Era. It just begun as the younger generation composed a new style of music – which at first showed promise, and eventually dominated, as the older generation began to die off (Moss).
The best music however was played during special ceremonies and occasions such as weddings and royal funerals. The music that the modern society has benefited from the influence of the classical music due to a variety of
ckson’s ‘Happy’ was a song of the past yet I used to relish its sound and substance altogether, finding how it could well relate to the nature of my childhood. Dramatically beginning with ‘Sadness had been close as my next of kin’, as a child, it felt relieving to have
History can however prove that these performances reflect on intricacies and richness that can only emanate from the African heritage. The core of their kind of music emanates from the way it expresses the human experience.
Music during the classical period was mainly associated with homophonic texture or a clear melody that consisted of an accompaniment, with these new melodies appearing voice-like that enabled composers to replace the singers as the center of the music.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Music History for FREE!