StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

Fire Fighting - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The essay "Fire Fighting" analyzes firefighting techniques and discusses training on fire behavior and organizational change in the management of fires. The process of firefighting needs to be a well-coordinated effort with proper communication among team members…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.5% of users find it useful
Fire Fighting
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Fire Fighting"

Fire Fighting Fire Fighting The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Under Laboratories (UL) drafted newer ways of modern day fire fighting replacing the old traditional fire fighting techniques. This is in line with the modern structural architecture of buildings and residential houses. In a seven part series of video presentations, Stephen Kerber, Daniel Madrzykowski, and Derek Alkonis discuss how fire should be approached, controlled and attacked. NIST and UL have conducted extensive research to understand the dynamics of fire and how it behaves to different fire-ground firefighting techniques. Arguably, the two organizations have taken firefighting tactics to a higher level meeting the 21st century needs. But what exactly do they propose in the newer methods?
To begin with, it is important to understand the dynamics of fire and its interactions with the environment. By definition, fire is a product of an exothermic reaction that results in the emission of heat and light. On the other hand, fire dynamics is evaluation of how the science of fire, the chemistry, the material science, fluid mechanics and principles of heat transfer influence the behavior of fire (Gorbett & James , 2011). In addition, Alkonis notes that the process of fire development is a function of several factors. For instance, fuel properties, quantity, location of fire, ventilation, the volume and height of the compartment and prevailing conditions such as temperature and wind significantly influence the dynamics of a fire (Alkonis, 2015).
Secondly, Kerber observes that changes in modern day fire environment present significant challenges to the old traditional firefighting techniques. Further, he argues that the traditional methods may not always be the most effective and the safest. Modern day homes are larger, have different geometry, built with newer construction materials and have a higher synthetic fuel loads. Moreover, the newer materials can increase the speed of fire development as they present a potential of a ventilation-limited fire (Kerber, 2015).
Thirdly, Madrzykowski explores fire dynamics and discusses different case studies on fire dynamics. He brings forth different fire scenarios and how development and progression of fire is influenced by different factors. For instance, ventilation influences the progression of fire. In a closed compartment, heated gases mix with oxygen resulting in a flaming combustion. However, as the oxygen gets depleted, the fire decays. The heat emitted from the fire decreases and consequently the temperature decreases. When oxygen is introduced into the compartment, either through opening of a window or a door, the heated gases mix with the oxygen and as a result the energy levels begin to rise. Such a change in ventilation can lead to a flashover (Madrzykowski , 2015).
Lastly, Alkonis and Madrzykowski discuss training on fire behavior and organizational change in the management of fires. To enhance safety and survivability, they recommend application of water as soon as possible, limiting opening of doors and windows, closing all doors and windows, identification of fire location, extent and characteristics of the smoke as well as identifying and interrupting the flow path (Madrzykowski & Alkonis, 2015). Importantly, the process of fire fighting needs to be a well coordinated effort with proper communication among team members (Kerber, Madrzykowski, & Alkonis, 2015). In summary, NIST and UL’s research has revolutionized firefighting and introduced change in modern day fire service. Undoubtedly, the changes are likely to stay for generations to come.
References
Gorbett, G., & James , P. (2011). Fire Dynamics. Kentucky: Pearson.
Kerber, S., Madrzykowski, D., & Alkonis, D. (2015, August 3). NIST and UL research fire behavior and fireground tactics. Retrieved August 3, 2015, from FireRescue 1: http://www.firerescue1.com/Firefighter-Training/videos/1865448-NIST-and-UL-research-fire-behavior-and-fireground-tactics/ Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Fire Fighting Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1700109-fire-fighting
(Fire Fighting Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1700109-fire-fighting.
“Fire Fighting Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1700109-fire-fighting.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Fire Fighting

Fire Safety Rules and Fire Fighting Facilities

... of Fire Fighting There are provisions of means of fire fighting. One is the adequacy of means to prevent fire. The early warning of fire by automatic detection is one of the provisions. The standard means of escape which tackles the route needed for the building occupants to go to a safe place, and the provisions of smoke control and the control of rate of the growth of fire. The adequacy of the structure to resist the effects of a fire termed as passive protection. Other provisions include the degree of fire compartments, fire separation between buildings or parts of buildings, the standard of active measures for fire extinguishers and control and the facilities in the assistance of the fire service. Implementation of fire resistance...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper

Fire Fighting Strategic Ventilation of the United Kingdom vs the United States

... for fires like gases of liquids. Otherwise the fire can be allowed to deplete the fuel by itself then it is put off by itself. The fourth way to achieve extinguishment is by inhibiting the chemical changes that take place. This can be achieved by use of halogenated chemicals and other dry chemicals which inhibit the process of combustion and stop flaming (Thomson 2004). Strategic ventilation Strategic ventilation is very important in the process of fire fighting and this may need to be carried out at any time in the strategic hierarchy depending on the prevailing situation. In many occasions, fire fighters have overlooked the significance of ventilation (Bernard 2007). Generally this disregard is common among the fire fighting companies...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Fighting Fire with Psychology

...Fighting Fire with Psychology This article deals with the psychological aspects related with firefighters and how best they could cope up with the internal pressures that seem to engulf their lives every now and then. Lea Winerman has penned it. This article asserts the psychological side of people when they are told of a fire that has erupted in a building or complex. Their ability to leave the premises depends a great deal on their physical capacities and each one of these people has different strengths so to speak. Thus the fire alarm plays a psychological role within the lives of different types of people. They usually rush out and leave the area in no time. They find the nearest exit from where they could flee and reach to a point...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Effect of Different Weather Conditions on Wild Land Fires and Fire Fighting

...is spread with great speed because of the windy weather (International Association of Fire Chiefs, 2008). Windy weather is very dangerous for the conditions where there are wild land fires. Fire fighting also becomes difficult with weathers that help in ignition. The fire fighters should be trained in order to fight the fire with differing weather conditions. References International Association of Fire Chiefs, International Association of fire Chiefs (COR) and National Fire Protection Association. (2008). Fundamentals of Fire Fighting...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Wild Land Fire Fighting Techniques

...Skip navigation links BFS 3430-09D, PRINCIPLES OF FIRE BEHAVIOR (BFS3430-09D) The different wild land fire fighting techniques are the direct attackand the indirect attack (International Association of fire Chiefs n.d.). Under the direct attack are two methods which are the pincer attack and flanking (International Association of fire Chiefs n.d.). A direct attack is done to contain and extinguish the fire at its burning edge, which can be accomplished by a fire crew with hand tools, a structural engine company, a wild land engine company, a plow or an aircraft (International Association of fire Chiefs n.d.). Under the direct attack are the pincer and the flanking. Pincer attack generally needs two teams of fire fighters, either...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Fighting Fire in a High-Rise Structure

...Fighting Fire in a High-Rise Structure Fire fighting means to extinguish the fire. The fire may cause a great loss of the precious lives and properties of the people. Fire altogether converts the pure natural environment into a polluted one. In all the countries of the world special technical departments are working for fighting the fire. These departments employ and then train their staff technically for few years. High rise structure fire is more dangerous and cause tremendous deteriorations. This type of fire is the greatest challenge for the occupants and fire fighters. Usually, the high rise fire originates in the kitchens during cooking. When high rise structures unfortunately catch a fire, both the residents/occupants and the crew...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Low and High-Expansion Foams for Fire-fighting

...Low and High-Expansion Foams Foams used for fire-fighting are gas filled bubbles formed from aqueous solutions from liquid forming agents. Essentially, there are three categories of foam characterized by the volume of foam created: low, medium and high-expansion. The first kind has a maximum expansion factor of 20 while medium expansion ranges from 20-200. High expansion foams can have expansion factors as high as 1100. Our concern is on the low and high expansion types. Low expansion foams are used to extinguish burning flammable or combustible liquid spill and tank fires by forming a coherent and cooling liquid blanket. High expansion foams acts the same but are typically used in holds of ships and basement room areas where access...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Challenges of Fighting Fire in a High-Rise Structure

... (Schottke, 2012, p 34). High-rise fire requires huge resource requirement allocation. This is because a balance has to be achieved among a number of factors at play. For instance, achieving a balance between evacuating the occupants from within the building as well as allocating the necessary resources to curb the fire before it grows and destroys the property or causes loss of life. It is important to acknowledge that high-rise building fire fighting requires a huge number of experienced fire fighting personnel’s as well as sophisticated fire fighting equipment that are very expensive. A lot of coordination between the fire fighting personnel’s is also required (Schottke, 2012, p 35). Time is an important factor in fire fighting...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Fire Fighting Equipment

.../Firefighter_fatalities_01042008/ http://scitation.aip.org/getabs/servlet/GetabsServlet?prog=normal&id=PFLDAS000009000008001577000001&idtype=cvips&gifs=yes http://www.usfa.dhs.gov/fireservice/fatalities/statistics/history.shtm International Fire Service Training Association (1995). Essentials of Fire Fighting 3rd Ed. Stillwater, OK: Fire Protection Publications, Oklahoma State University. Karter, M.J., (2006).U.S. Fire Loss for 2005. NFPA journal, Vol. 100, No. 5, pp. 46-51 (2006). LSP-1 Experiment Results. (April 2005). National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Michael J. Karter, Jr. (January 2006). U.S. Fire Department Profile Through 2004. NFPA Fire Analysis and Research Division, Quincy, Massachusetts. National Fire Protection...
25 Pages(6250 words)Essay

Fire Fighting Strategies for High Rise Buildings

... fatalities and injuries if properly practiced by the concerned departments in the hours of need. Therefore, fire fighting plan is a fundamental part of fire fighting strategy that should be followed commonly by all fire fighting departments in a region. Inputs required for the development of the right kind of strategy to fight fire related hazards in the phase of construction involves knowledge of the common problems faced by the workers in the workplace, their interrelationships and interaction with the environment. Hazards arising in a place are greatly influenced by the prevailing safety culture. The fire fighting strategies should highlight the course of action for fighting fire hazards in general and the means of safe escape...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Proposal
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Fire Fighting for FREE!

Contact Us