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"It has been said of the Nixon Doctrine that: The United States pursued a futile policy of entrusting the security of the gulf to Persia and Saudi Arabia. Discuss"
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Protecting the region’s natural resources remained a key element of the doctrine. The region boasted of vast regions rich in minerals. To be specific, Saudi Arabia alone contributed almost a third of the total crude oil traded.
Persian Gulf and the entire region would remain important trade partners with the Western Countries. Maintaining peace in the region would be fundamental to ensuring oil prices across the remained stable.3
The threat of nuclear warfare characterized Nixon’s Doctrine. The U.S and her allies were wary of other nations developing nuclear weapons. These nations poised security threats not only to the U.S but other countries around the globe. For example, Iraq wanted to monopolize the oil business around the Gulf but the U.S intervened through military action against Iraq.
The Persian Gulf had been engulfed by different terrorist groups that posed a security threat to the region. The U.S sought to make sure that the region enjoyed peace. The U.S could provide military help in case terrorism deteriorated in the region. In addition, the U.S was hopeful that Persia and Saudi Arabia would be able to convince neighboring countries to unite.5 United countries in the Gulf would ensure security for each nation and its natural resources.
The U.S entrusted itself to the two countries as many Arab countries do not trust the West. The presence of the U.S in the Gulf relates to the protection of oil fields from attacks. Terrorist attacks in the Gulf target oil fields because many tend to think that the U.S and other Western countries rely heavily on oil imported from the region. For many years, Iraq has experienced the problem of oil infrastructure destruction by terrorists. Recurring attacks on Iraq’s oil facilities resulted in huge economic losses.6
Nixon’s Doctrine of entrusting security of the Gulf to Persia and Saudi Arabia failed to meet expectations.
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With most of the world’s oil reserves controlled by OPEC which controls two thirds of the oil in the entire world, the US has continued to highly spend on energy for instance the government has spend $ 1.9 trillion from 2004 to 2008.The figure below represents the coil consumption from the early 1970’s to 2008 Source: www.fueleconomy.gov.
Life of an individual is greatly influenced by the culture he/she lives in. This paper draws a comparison between the life in Saudi Arabia and that in the United States. Life in Saudi Arabia is totally influenced by the religion Islam. In Saudi Arabia, the local people of Saudi Arabia who are mostly Muslims can be actually seen practicing Islam unlike many other Muslim countries, whose citizens are not as practicing towards their religion in general.
In developing countries around the world today, the population dynamics between the old and new generations has led to large differences in self-identity concepts and personal values between adolescents, parents, and the social authorities. Especially in countries with indigenous religious and cultural differences that are distinct and autonomous from the Western tradition, the conflict between traditional and modern values may arise as an aspect of generational identities and collective belief systems.
With Saudi Arabia as an ally nurtured by President Truman way back in 1947, the U.S in its seemingly hegemonistic pursuits and driven by the vision of global interdependence in respect of oil, backed up by the Nixon’s Twin Pillar Policy of the early seventies, adopted the strategy of “Active and Offshore Balancing”
Compare and Contrast the Cultures of the United States and Saudi Arabia
Societies around the whole world have major differences while they also exhibit similarities in some aspects. These differences in societies are usually a result of religious convictions, customs and traditions, economic and technological development, and most importantly the values a particular society attach to the general freedom.
Saudi Arabia and the United States ascertained full diplomatic relation in 1940. Saudi Arabia play a unique role in the Islamic and Arab worlds, as it is the world’s principal reserves of oil. This makes it friendship with the United States important as the two countries share common concerns of oil imports and exports.
He equates oversight with lawmaking, which was usually seen as the supreme function of the legislature. President Nixon’s resignation of August 9th, 1974 brought he entire episode of impeachment to an end. But, this did not mark the end of the innumerable questions and
Organizational cultures are embedded in and constructed by the prevalent national cultures. The U.S., United Arab Emirates, and Saudi Arabia management systems are quite different owing to their differential cultural
Others will be excited at the experience and the opportunity granted to them.
Most of Saudi Arabians have moved to the United States top seek academic advancement. In a government’s project introduced in 2006 by the
Agricultural policy defines regulations that a country sets up concerning domestic agriculture and imports of agricultural products with the hopes of achieving specific outcomes in their respective domestic market. Food security is a major goal of many countries one reason is to protect the country.
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