Free

Paraphrasing - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The affected area was the Union Carbide India Limited, a pesticide industrial company based in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. This tragedy involved a gas leak, specifically…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.6% of users find it useful
Paraphrasing
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Paraphrasing"

Bhopal Disaster due: The Bhopal disaster, also known as Bhopal gas tragedy; took place at midnight of December 2 and 3 1984 in India. The affected area was the Union Carbide India Limited, a pesticide industrial company based in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. This tragedy involved a gas leak, specifically methylisocyanate and other unknown chemicals from the company’s storage tank. More than 500,000 inhabitants were exposed to the toxic gas.
The toxic gas spread into the shanty towns near the industry in less than two hours. The residents were affected by the gas which had an effect on their airways, psychology, and eyes leading to choking, anxiety, panic, disorientation, and eye irritation. Reports from eyewitnesses were recorded that a cloud of gas settled over and gradually moved through the shanty towns (Shastri, 1985). However, diffusion of this gas cloud was prevented by atmospheric inversion and low-wind speed. When the gas cleared on the dawn of December 4th, the affected individuals were either dead or injured. According to statistics, this is considered as one of the worst industrial disasters to happen; resulting to approximately 3,787 deaths and 558,125 injuries. This outstanding rate of fatalities did not stop but persisted for months causing further harm. Approximately 50,000 people were estimated to suffer from the long-term health effects. Moreover, nine years after the fatality, more than a thousand residents continued to experience health issues which may be linked to the accident. Examples of such health issues are corneal opacities, numbness, early cataracts, Post traumatic stress disorder, Impairment of memory, finer motor skills, and chronic bronchitis (Dhara & Kriebel, 1993).
After the tragedy, Union Carbide India Limited with the permission of the Indian government cleaned up the area until 1998. Union Carbide India Limited also donated $2 million to the Prime Minister’s Relief Fund, $5 million to the Indian Red Cross, and shared all information concerning methylisocyanate with the Indian government. In the year 1998, the Madhya Pradesh State Government took over Union Carbide India Limited and assumed responsibility.
Five years later after the tragedy, the Supreme Court of India ordered Union Carbide India Limited to pay $470 million to the Indian government; the amount was paid in full ten days later. Moreover, the court ordered the Indian government to purchase medical insurance policy to cover 100,000 affected people. In the year 2004, the Supreme Court of India ordered the Government to give the remaining funds of the $470 million settlement.as per reports, in September of 2006; the registrar in the office of Welfare Commissioner cleared all pending claims of the 1984 Bhopal gas tragedy.
Although three decades have passed, the root cause of this tragedy is still under a heated dispute between the Indian government and local activists verses the Union Carbide India Limited representatives. The Indian government and populace claim that poor management and maintenance triggered the disaster, while the Union Carbide India Limited representatives claim that the tragedy was an act of sabotage, in which water was introduced into the storage tank.
From this disaster, it can be learned that all industries must ensure proper safety measures as failure to do will lead to fatal outcomes. Also, the manner in all safety regulations must be done with double standards to ensure safety.
References
Dhara, V. R., & Kriebel, D. (1993). Editorial: The Bhopal Gas Disaster: Its Not Too Late for
Sound Epidemiology. Archives of Environmental Health: An International Journal, 48(6), 436-437.
Shastri, L. (1985). Bhopal disaster: an eye witness account. New Delhi: Criterion
Publications. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Paraphrasing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 2”, n.d.)
Paraphrasing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 2. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1652459-paraphrasing
(Paraphrasing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 2)
Paraphrasing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 2. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1652459-paraphrasing.
“Paraphrasing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 2”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1652459-paraphrasing.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Paraphrasing

Paraphrasing

...? Temperature polarization coefficients of a process can be calculated along with heat transfer coefficients, membrane surface temperatures and heat flux components of the process through heat transfer analysis using heat and mass transfer equations. The temperature polarization coefficient is directly proportional to feed flow rate and inversely proportional to feed temperature. The effective heat transfer of the system is exhibited by the high values of temperature polarization coefficient obtained in the range of 0.86-0.94. The heat transfer resistances are determined by the feed flow rate and feed concentration, feed temperature and other operating parameters. The system heat transfer is controlled by the heat transfer... Temperature...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Paraphrasing

...Reading Rate A simple definition for reading fluency is the speed at which one reads at. Another way to put it is how expression someone is when reading. This is different to a reading rate, which, in addition to the pace of reading, is how well the material is understood. It can be a difficult task to help someone with a low reading rate for both parties involved. A student knows that their reading rate is not at a level that they would like, but they do not possess the required skills to read at a fast rate. This may lead to problems such as missing words out, stuttering, breath heavily, perspiration, and sudden hand movements. The first reading speed test that I took resulted in a score of 200 words per minute (http... Rate A simple...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Paraphrasing

...Introduction Often, chemical reactions generate gaseous products. In order to find the amount of a gas generated, gas laws and stoichiometric calculations are employed. In this experiment, the theoretical amount, using the law of conservation of mass, will be compared to the actual quantity obtained. The ideal gas equation is denoted as: Here, denotes the volume of the gas; P denotes the pressure; R is the constant that equals to 0.08206 L-atm/mol-K; specifies the number of moles of the gas and T denotes the absolute temp of the gas. It is pertinent to notice that the ideal gas exists in hypothesis where gas particles are without any finite... Often,...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Paraphrasing

...Roseau stands out amongst the world thinkers in terms of his novelty and depth to his ideas. His philosophy comes about in a relatively contrasting way to the accepted norms with regard to the social and political systems. Democracy is one of them. To provide support to his claim, his quotes the deviation of this political system from its originally intended system. It is termed as an exploitation tool towards the original goals set forth. The removal of the shortages and deviances from the democratic system would allow it becoming the most desired system once more. The large numbers of vulnerabilities that the system brings along makes Roseau term it as a flawed system of governance and thereby he has advocated the establishment... stands...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Paraphrasing

...Introduction: This experiment relates to the concentration of solutes present in the substances. In a solution, concentration can be measured by dividing the number of moles present in the solute by the amount of liters. The units used for the measurement of concentration are unit of molarity (M) and (mol/L). In order to understand the significance of molarity and understand concentration, it was important to make four solutions from one sample during the experiment. Spec 20 was used in the experiment to calculate the absorbance because it can absorb the light very well. It was used because in order to make a solution more concentrated, absorption of more light is required. In order to measure the calculations in the form... This experiment...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Paraphrasing

... of New Haven Tagliatela College of Engineering November 18, 2014 From: Abdullah Alattas To: Professor Eric Re: Design for Renewable Energy System We have been hired from your Company to redesign the energy system to deliver water to a remote town in Nepal, India. Your company wants the redesign to have a solar cell array, an electrolyte and fuel cells. The pumping station as stored water in the tank that is supported by a base elevated 40 ft. from the ground. The water in the pumping station provides the town in Nepal with a population of 15,000 people and assumes that each person uses 50 liters of water per day. The capacity of the reservoir tank will be enough to store water for a three days... of New Haven...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Paraphrasing

...3. The literature: rewards in the not-for-profit sector Extrinsic or intrinsic motivation is a complex issue according to Ryan and Deci (2000). Theysuggest that some forms of extrinsic motivation can be seen as intrinsic motivation. They speak of governance through identification, which shows a conscious valuing of a habitual goal so that the action is accepted or owned as personally important. Thus, the significance of an extrinsic reward is directly linked to the employee’s value, while its significance is based on what the employee considers crucial. According to Gaertner and Gaertner (1985), the performance appraisals that emphasized mainly on developmental managerial needs had the ability to upgrade the performance... The literature:...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Paraphrasing

...Nursing Nursing In this situation, it may be difficult for healthcare experts as they want to execute what they think is the best for Ida, nevertheless, they need to understand that she can refuse or even the delay treatment. Regardless of the healthcare experts’ interest with what is good for Ida as well as ensuring that her quality of life is improved, they also have to consider that she is suffering from heart failure and at this stage of her life, she thinks that the tour she was planning to go is very crucial. 2. In this instance, there are no signs of Ida suffering from any kind of condition that would deter her from making her personal decisions, hence it is inappropriate for the healthcare experts to push Ida to be treated...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Paraphrasing

...Paraphrasing Paraphrasing A good poetry is one that is not emotional in nature but should express a particular emotion. A good poet is one who can write with restrictions such as restriction of the amount of words used in a poem and the use of limited words should be able to express several meanings. The word selection in poems should be done in a careful manner in order to ensure that every word is meaningful and unnecessary words are not used. A poet named D.H. Lawrence authored two version of a poem called Piano and the story that these poems depicted was how a female singing a song made the author think about prior memories and especially the memory of his mother. The version of the poem that was...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Paraphrasing

...Change Management of Affiliation The approach adopted for managing change is dependent on the style, scale and the spanof change which an organisation wishes to pursue. This implies that there is actually no silver bullet solution when it comes to choosing the approach for managing change. Different organization can adopt different strategies depending on their circumstance. The four main types of approaches to change include developmental transition, task focused transition, charismatic transformation and turnaround transformation. Developmental approach is a facilitated type of managing change where organization fine tune or make incremental adjustments as a result to changes that are also occurring in their environment. Almost... Management...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Paraphrasing for FREE!

Contact Us