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COMPARE THE RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF A UK ADULT CITIZEN AND A REFUGEE OR ASYLUM SEEKER BOTH LIVING IN THE UNITED KINGDOM IN TERMS OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL SECURITY - Essay Example

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Refugees and asylum seekers are a diverse group of people that are subject to forced migration and have fled due to political instabilities in their countries (COSLA, 2007). They are victims of a wide range of problems due to their migration status. The United Kingdom provides…
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COMPARE THE RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF A UK ADULT CITIZEN AND A REFUGEE OR ASYLUM SEEKER BOTH LIVING IN THE UNITED KINGDOM IN TERMS OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL SECURITY
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Health and social security of refugees and asylum seekers in UK Health and social security of refugees and asylum seekers in UK Refugees and asylum seekers are a diverse group of people that are subject to forced migration and have fled due to political instabilities in their countries (COSLA, 2007). They are victims of a wide range of problems due to their migration status. The United Kingdom provides them with a registration procedure, which helps them to enjoy rights equal to the other citizens. Prior to confirmation, the nation provides them with a temporary registration. In spite of these efforts of the government, there are some clear differences between the rights and responsibilities of the natives and those of the Asylum seekers. This essay compares the rights and responsibilities of Asylum seekers and adult U.K citizens in terms of health and social security.
The United Kingdom adult citizens exercise their rights and responsibility of contributing to the issues of health and social securities by voting and raising public opinions to the government. In contrast, the contribution of asylum seekers in these issues is minimal due to language barriers. The government tries to involve them by providing them with channels to communicate and give their decisions regarding the issues affecting them (NRIF, 2006: CRC, 2004). For instance, the ‘English for Speaker of other Languages’ program aimed at teaching English to this group of people (ISE, 2005: Ragu, 2008). This effort aims at improving their communication abilities so that they can be able to take up their rights and responsibilities.
All adult citizens of U.K. have an absolute right to the National Hospital Services (NHS), which includes free medical treatment and care. On the other hand, not all Refugees and Asylum seekers receive this facility (Aspinall & Watters, 2010, p.23). Those asylum seekers who have not received permanent residence confirmation from the government cannot access this facility. They have access to the medical services but at their own cost (Palmer & Ward, 2007). Those who have received confirmation enjoy national health services (NHS) without any payment (Crawley & Crimes, 2009).
All adult citizens in U.K. have the right to register with a general practitioner of their choice free of charge. If a general practitioner cannot register them, he or she should give a substantial reason in writing to explain the cause (CIC, 2007). Contrary, refugees and asylum seekers may apply with general practitioners (Lee, 2006: Refugee Council, 2005). However, the general practitioners have the right to consider such applications and decide whether to accept them or reject them (CRC, 2004: Greenslade, 2005). In a research by Bhatia and Wallace (2007), it is clear that there are many barriers. In rare cases, they receive only a temporary registration (Aspinall & Watters, 2010, p.20). For this reason, the asylum seekers cannot receive special medical care.
During pregnancy, adult female citizens have the right to access maternity services from midwives, general practitioners or even obstrecian based in hospital. Their cases are given immediate attention. On the other hand, asylum seekers face a lot of problems while trying to access these services. According to the law, the asylums seekers have the right to maternal care and antenatal services (Department of Health, 2007: Feldman, 2006). Nabb’s research (2006) proves that health sectors highly regard maternity care in the United Kingdom and that it is organized and efficient. However, access of these services by this minor group is a rough process due to social factors such as communication barriers (CHAI, 2005: Bhatia & Wallace, 2007: Crawley and Crimes work 2009).
All adult citizens in the United Kingdom have a right and responsibility to work for their nation. After retirement, they get social security funds as a benefit. On the other hand, asylum seekers have the right to apply for jobs, but there are many obstacles to qualification (Lee, 2006). As a result, they cannot obtain any social security funds. This is the major cause of destitution of this minor group (Coventry Refugee Centre, 2004). In fact, poverty is always increasing amongst this group of people in the United Kingdom.
In summary, it is clear that the United Kingdom has in its best tried to defend the human rights and responsibilities of refugees and asylum seekers in their territory. They have strived to ensure that the gap between the adult citizens and these immigrants is minimal. However, there exist significant differences in these issues in that the adult citizens are more privileged than them. The whole integration process faces many challenges such as the existing language barrier, ignorance from refugees and failure in implementation of the law.
References
Aspinall, P. & Watters, C., 2010. Refugees and asylum seekers; A review from an equality
and human rights perspective. Manchester: Spring publishers. Retrieved from;
Bhatia, R. & Wallace, P. 2007. ‘Experiences of refugees and asylum seekers in General practice: A qualitative study’ Commission for Healthcare Audit and Inspection.
CHAI, 2005. Review of maternity services provided by North West London Hospitals NHS Trust. London: Healthcare Commission.
Commission on Integration & Cohesion (CIC). 2007. Our Shared Future. London: Retrieved from :< http://collections.europarchive.org/tna/20080726153624> Convention of Scottish Local Authorities (COSLA). 2007. Asylum and Migration
Statistics. Retrieved from: Coventry Refugee Centre, 2004. Destitution and Asylum Seekers: A Human Rights Issue.
Coventry: Coventry Refugee Centre.
Crawley, H. A & Crimes, T., 2009. Refugees living in Wales: A survey of skills,
Coventry Refugee Centre, 2004.Destitution and Asylum Seekers: A Human Rights Issue.
Coventry: Coventry Refugee Centre.
Department of Health, 2007.Human Rights in Healthcare - A Framework for Local Action.
London: Department of Health and The British Institute of Human Rights.
Feldman, R. 2006. ‘Primary health care for refugees and asylum seekers: A review
of the literature and a framework for services’. Public Health
Greenslade, R. 2005. Seeking Scapegoats: the coverage of asylum in the UK press. Asylum and Migration Working Paper 5. London: Institute for Public Policy Research.
ISE, 2005. National Statutory Context for ESOL Delivery for Asylum Seekers. Aspire
Partnership. Retrieved from:
Nabb, J. 2006. Pregnant asylum seekers: perceptions of maternity service provision.
Evidence-Based Midwifery.
National Refugee Integration Forum. 2006. Rebuilding Lives – Groundwork: Progress
report on refugee employment. Home Office.
Newbigging, K & Nigel T. 2010. Good practice in social care with refugees and asylum seekers. Britain; Social care Institute of Excellence. Retrieved from:
http://www.scie.org.uk/publications/guides/guide37/files/guide37.pdf
Lee, J. 2006. Social Exclusion, Refugee Integration, and the Right to Work for
Asylum Seekers. Refugee Council. Retrieved from: Palmer, D. & Ward, K. 2007. ‘Lost”: listening to the voices and mental health needs of
for advisers. London: Metropolitan University.
RAGU. 2008. Refugees & asylum seekers: An education, training and employment guide
for advisers. London: Metropolitan University.
Refugee Council. 2005. Tell it like it is: The truth about asylum. Retrieved from:
Ward, K. & Lagnado, J. 2008. Supporting disabled refugees and asylum seekers: opportunities for new approaches. London: Metropolitan Support Trust. Read More
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