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Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods - Assignment Example

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The dissertation will use the quantitative methodology in order to investigate the problem under study. This method is effective because it is will be based on testing a theory, measuring it with numbers and analyzing by using statistical techniques…
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Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods
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Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods
Quantitative Research Methods
The dissertation will use quantitative methodology in order to investigate the problem under study. This method is effective because it is will be based on testing a theory, measuring it with numbers and analyzing by using statistical techniques. The aim of this method is to establish whether the projecting simplification of a theory is true (Thomas, 2003). Hence, it will enable the researcher to quantify the attitudes and behaviors of both directors of nursing and social services through generalizing the findings from the sampled population.
Data Collection Methods
Under quantitative methodology, the dissertation will use varied ways of collecting data from a structured perspective. This may include the use of questionnaires, psychometric tests, experiments, interviews, sampling and observations.
Questionnaires and interviews: These data collection methods are effective because they enable the researcher to gather adequate information and measure the views or opinions from many respondents. Therefore, it has limited affect to its reliability and validity since the researcher can pack the enriched explanations and it can untangle complex research problems (Bernard, 2000).
Experiments: This method is effective because it will enable the researcher to produce causality statements by using controlled experiments. It is reliable and sound effective because the researcher replicates dependent information. He or she is able to control the experiments; thus offering unambiguous answers to the research question.
Sample survey: This method is vital because the researcher will employ design method that will enable him or her to cover a wider area within the controlled population. It is reliable and sound effective because it saves time and narrows the research design.
Observations: This data collection method is significant because it provides first-hand information, which is not biased. It is reliable and genuine because the data collected is original and is not subjected to any changes since the observer directly collects it.
Qualitative Research Methods
The dissertation will use qualitative research methods in order to inquire and understand the social or human problem from diverse perspectives, and the research study is carried out in the established settings. It also entails construction of multifaceted and holistic image of the interested phenomenon.
Data Collection Methods
The dissertation will employ varied qualitative data collection methods, which will include unstructured and semi- structured methodologies such as focused group discussions, observations, individual interviews and action research.
Focused group discussions: This method enables the researcher to obtain information from various groups; thus developing greater insight and understanding of the research problem. However, the researcher should have effective listening, facilitating and analytical skills vital for making significant judgments (Creswell, 2003). This method is reliable because it offers accurate information and reliability problems can be reduced through adequate training. This method tends to have strong validity when measuring the research results.
Individual interviews: This can be structured or semi-structured in a way that can enable the researcher to collect adequate information on the research problem. Interviews are effective because they enable the researcher to explore the research problem into details. The researcher establishes the validity through ensuring that tests instruments deliver intended results. It is legitimate because the researcher is capable of measuring whether the feedbacks from respondents are sound effective or justifiable.
Observations: In this case, observational study will enable the researcher to understand the cause and effect in leadership styles employed by both directors. This method is reliable and genuine because the researcher can provide authentic information, which is unbiased.
References
Bernard, H. R. (2000). Social research methods: Qualitative and quantitative approaches.
Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications.
Creswell, J. W. (2003). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed method
approaches. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications.
Scholz, R. W., & Tietje, O. (2002). Embedded case study methods: Integrating quantitative and
qualitative knowledge. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications.
Thomas, R. M. (2003). Blending qualitative & quantitative research methods in theses and
dissertations. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Corwin Press. Read More
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