StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

Pertussis - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The disease selected is whooping cough or Pertussis. Pertussis is a disease in which the patient experiences long coughing sessions generally continued over six weeks. Pertussis is a disease caused by the…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.1% of users find it useful
Pertussis
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Pertussis"

Pertussis The population selected is of infants and children below 10 years of age. The disease selected is whooping cough or Pertussis. Pertussis isa disease in which the patient experiences long coughing sessions generally continued over six weeks. Pertussis is a disease caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. As the patient inhales the air after the cough, it sounds like a whoop which is why the disease is called as whooping cough. The main way of preventing Pertussis is vaccination, though certain antibiotics may also be prescribed to the patient to reduce the severity of cough as well as its duration.
Since the disease is contagious, it mainly spreads though air pollution. As the immunity system of the infants and children below 10 years of age is not as strong as that of the adults, the vulnerability of the former to the disease is more as compared to the latter. Besides, children and particularly infants are much less careful about the quality of food they eat, and need strict parental supervision and guidance to eat hygienic food. As infants crawl, their hands come in contact with the floor which is one of the ways they acquire the bacterial infection. In addition to that, infants tend to pick up anything they find lying on the floor and put it in the mouth. It is not out of the ordinary for an infant to pick up a contaminated thing like the left-over seed of a fruit lying on the floor, and take it to the mouth. Children play out-door very carelessly. They frequently fall on the ground while running and playing, and get their hands and bodies stacked with mud. “Family members are responsible for more than three quarters of pertussis cases transmitted to infants, according to a new report” (One India News, 2007). Children’s lack of concern about the health and safety of the way they live and the food they eat are the prime factors that increase their vulnerability to Pertussis.
There are certain cultures in which children are provided with more care and supervision as compared to other cultures. Factors that play a role in this include but are not limited to the general awareness about healthy living in the people, education of the parents, the economic strength of the country, and the level of cleanliness generally maintained in the homes and out-doors. Generally, advanced countries provide the children with an environment that is healthier and safer as compared to the environment children get in the underdeveloped and developing countries. The population of infants and children selected from the study is from the USA. As people have become more educated and concerned about maintaining an organic, green, and healthy lifestyle, there is increased tendency among the parents to take good care of their children. Timely vaccination and increased parental supervision is the key to preventing the child from getting Pertussis.
The ethical consideration that must be accounted for when working with infants and children is that the children must not be asked difficult questions, and should not be made to answer when they don’t feel like answering. The legal consideration that applies is the involvement of parental consent in the study of the child’s behavior and disease.
References:
One India News. (2007, May 2). Infants acquire pertussis from family members. Retrieved from
http://news.oneindia.in/2007/05/02/infants-acquire-pertussis-from-family-members-1178090000.html. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Pertussis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Pertussis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1601022-pertussis
(Pertussis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Pertussis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1601022-pertussis.
“Pertussis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1601022-pertussis.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Pertussis

Pertussis or Whooping Cough

...to death, whereas, mild pertussis is hard to diagnose and it is mostly misunderstood for common cold. Bordetella pertussis was first isolated in pure culture in 1906 by Bordet and Gengou. B.pertussis is a small, gram –negative, aerobic coccobacillus of 0.8 μm by 0.4 μm. (Finger & von Koenig, 1996). It is arranged singly or in small groups. They also have pili-like filaments and are non-motile. B.pertussis is the most fastidious bacteria. It is transmitted from person – to – person through aerosolized droplets. (Baron, 1996) Figure 1 : Bordetella pertussis, the agent of pertussis or whooping cough. Gram stain. (CDC) (Todar, 2004) Pathogenicity B.pertussis causes...
4 Pages (1000 words) Research Paper

Parental Attitudes to the Immunization of Young Children

..., an ethyl mercury-containing vaccine preservative, might lead to a greater mercury exposure in infants receiving multiple thimerosal-containing vaccines.In addition to the above,parents worry about the possible known adverse effects listed in vaccine info statements like paralysis due to oral polio vaccine and febrile seizures due to DTP(Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis).This compounded by confusing scientific processes,may lead them to believe that the risk of adverse side effects from the vaccine far out-weighs the risk of the disease itself.Parents also tend to feel pressurized into making the decision to vaccinate their children due to the requirement that they be given the recommended vaccines before entry into school or child...
3 Pages (750 words) Essay

Administration of Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Acellular Pertussis Vaccine to Parents of High-Risk Infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

... infants. This type of epidemiological study was applied because vaccination of the parents and adults, who are in constant contact with the infants is still not considered as one of the essential means of controlling the spread the pertussis in the infants. Problem Statement Identification of measures of prevention of the transmission of Bordetella Pertussis to young infants was the key factor of the study. The study was designed to explore whether the vaccination of parents was also one of the contributing factors in the increasing incidence of pertussis amongst infants. Purpose of the article Bordetella Pertussis has become one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality amongst the infants. It is assumed that the parents may also...
4 Pages (1000 words) Article

Consumer needs, motivation, behavior, and decision making processes relevant to cough medicine strips

...body. Before purchasing cough medicines for children, certain thing should always be the kept into consideration. One of the major uses of cough medicine containing noscapine is that it helps in controlling birth and growth of tumor of prostate cancer (Illions, Deena, “Study shows further benefits of noscapine for prostate cancer”). Cough suppression can cause many problems in a human life like airway obstruction, hypoxemia, secretion and secondary infection. Whooping cough caused by Bordetella pertussis can be a reason behind permanent disability and even some time death of infants. This disease is also easily spreadable an can cause epidemics (Articles Base, “Whooping Cough-Cause, Symptoms and Treatment”). Consumer needs among...
2 Pages (500 words) Research Paper

M5s- NeoNatal Tetanus, NO MORE

...the statistics as we continue in our attempts to eradicate neonatal tetanus. References Preventing Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis Among Adults: Use of Tetanus Toxoid, Reduced Diphtheria Toxoid and Acellular Pertussis Vaccine Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and Recommendation of ACIP, supported by the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC), for Use of Tdap Among Health-Care Personnel. (2011). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved December 17, 2011, from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5517a1.htm WHO | Tetanus. (2011). World Health Organization. Retrieved December 17, 2011, from...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

Infection Control & Work Health and Safety

... information about sections of acts or regulations. It also gives an outline of actions, activities, responsibilities, responses and technical requirements to conditions and measures to be observed within a work place. Therefore, the WHS regulation and codes of practice support activities of the WHS Act. Similarly, the codes of practice support activities of the WHS regulations. Chain model of infection Pertussis Pertussis is caused by a bacterial microorganism Bordetella pertussis and uses the human body as a reservoir. The bacteria breeds in the respiratory system hence pertussis mostly affects the respiratory tract causing heavy coughing and sneezing to patients. Pertussis spreads through the droplet mode of transmission. Acute...
6 Pages (1500 words) Assignment

Molecular Biology

...the respiratory. The infection is characterized by post tussive vomiting, paroxysmal cough, and whoop. The most severe infection affects the young children and the infants. In adults and adolescents, it affects those constitute the reservoir and are caused from the infections that spread to younger children. The disease is normally mild. Pertussis has remained to be an endemic in the entire world and is considered to A clear understanding of the biological functions of the recently be a disease that is cyclic, peaking after 3 to 5 years. From the year 2011, the cases of Pertuhas have been rising in various parts of the world. Also in regions having sustained coverage of high vaccination (Pestana, 2010). In European...
12 Pages (3000 words) Essay

Current Events in Public Health Leadership and the Fiedler Contingency Theory

..., pertussis is starting as a cough but is ending up as a persistent cough (CDPH, 2014). The response of California Department of Public health to the whooping cough epidemic The response of the department exemplifies the tenets of Fielder’s contingency theory. The director of the California Department of Public Health (CPDH) has acted by mobilizing his subordinates to launch a statewide campaign against the epidemic. The harmony with which the response has taken off demonstrates the good relationship that exists between the leader and his juniors. For example, some juniors have gone to local health departments and they are coordinating vaccination activities with physicians. They are providing a link between the physician...
2 Pages (500 words) Assignment

Infectious Diseases and the Immune System

...totoxin then leads to the paralysis of the ciliated cells. Finally, the adenylate cyclase initiates the infection and causes reduction of the phagocytic activity. Non-specific immunity: It includes a nonantigen-specific method of immunization that ensures immediate maximal response by the body. The vaccine provides the antigen to initiate antibodies against the bacteria. Specific immunity: The immunity includes a response that is antigen-dependent whereby the body produces antibodies against the specific bacteria. 2. Etiology (cause) of whooping cough (genus and species) The Bordetella pertussis, a bacterium that grows at 35-37 degrees, is the determined cause of whooping cough. (Genus: Bordetella, species: pertussis) 3. Scientific...
1 Pages (250 words) Assignment

Passive and Active Immunity

..., typhoid and pertussis. Sub-unit vaccines are those which consist of subcomponents of the pathogenic organisms. These are usually either proteins or polysaccharides and they induce immunity to the whole organism. The polysaccharides are relatively weak T-independent antigens. They produce only IgM responses. Hence there will be no immunologic memory when immunity is induced with them. To make them more immunogenic, they are often combined with proteins. This is known as conjugation. Examples of such vaccines are vaccines against haemophilus, pertussis, meningococcus and pneumococcus. Vaccines against hepatitis-B and rabies are proteins parts of the organisms cloned into a suitable vector. This is done to reduce risk of infection...
6 Pages (1500 words) Essay

Social Policy of Immunization of Children in Australia

...McIntyre, P., Gidding, H., Gilmour, R., Lawrence, G., Hull, B., Horby, P., Wang, H., Andrews, R., & Burgess, M 2002, Vaccine preventable diseases and vaccination coverage in Australia, 1999-2000, Communicable Diseases Intelligence, 26, 1-111. McIntyre, P., Williams, A., & Leask, J 2003, Refusal of parents to vaccinate: dereliction of duty or legitimate personal choice? [editorial] Medical Journal of Australia, 178, 150-151. Torvaldsen, S., Hull, B.P., & McIntyre, P.B 2002, Using the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register to track the transition from whole-cell to acellular pertussis vaccines, Communicable Diseases Intelligence, 26, 581-583. Wood, N 2003, Immunisation adverse events clinics, NSW Public Health Bulletin, 14,...
8 Pages (2000 words) Term Paper

Modern Health Care System of Qatar: Offering Free Services to People

... minimum most maternal mortality rate. Additionally to the setting up of new health units, further steps have been considered to reorient health services in the direction of primary health care: School health services have become the task of the Ministry of Health and form part of the actions of the Directorate of Primary Health Care. A new Division for Childhood Immunization has been recognized in the Ministry of Health to envelop immunization against the six diseases of childhood targeted by the extended programme on vaccination: diphtheria, measles, mumps, pertussis, poliomyelitis and tetanus. Health education has become the responsibility of health centers’ proceedings; the required health support brochures have been arranged...
22 Pages (5500 words) Research Paper

Health are System of Qatar as One of Best in the Global Scenario

...Health Service Coverage Indicator Qatar Year Births attended by skilled health personnel (%) 100 2006 One-year-olds immunized with MCV 92 2007 One-year-olds immunized with three doses of diphtheria tetanus toxoid and pertussis (DTP3) (%) 94 2007 One-year-olds immunized with three doses of Hepatitis B (HepB3) (%) 94 2007 One-year-olds immunized with three doses of Hib (Hib3) vaccine (%) 94 2007 Tuberculosis detection rate under DOTS (%) 52 2006 Tuberculosis treatment success under DOTS (%) 83 2005 Note. Data were derived from WHOSIS 2008 Detailed database search Concerning the Private Sector health services, there are a number of private health centers and practitioners in Qatar. The Ministry of Public Health looks...
17 Pages (4250 words) Research Paper

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Vaccination

... with a protein molecule, to enhance the immunogenecity of the vaccine. Inactivated vaccines have to be given in multiple doses. The immunity is for a short period. Hence boosters doses are essential. Examples of inactivated virus vaccines are, hepatitis A vaccine, inactivated polio vaccine and rabies vaccine. Inactivated bacterial vaccines are whole cell killed typhoid vaccine and pertussis vaccine. Viral subunit vaccine is HBsAg vaccine. Toxoid vaccines are tetanus and diphtheria vaccines. Capsular polysaccharide vaccines are hemophilus influenza, typhoid Vi, pneumococcal and meningococcal vaccines. In these vaccines, though the pathogens are destroyed and are not able to undergo replications, the capsid proteins, which are antigens...
21 Pages (5250 words) Case Study

Report on the statistical trends

...Data: Immunization of vaccines coverage is the percentage of children under one year of age who received the vaccine in a given year. To analyse the effect of vaccines immunization on child mortality, the death rate for children aged 1 to 5 years old should be analysed because the infants do not receive the vaccine. For the age 1 to 5 mortality rate can be obtained by the formula: where  is the under 5 mortality rate and  is the infant mortality rate. To analyse the effect of measles and DTP3) immunization coverage on reducing mortality rate, regression analysis is applied. The model is: where: is the Measles (MCV) immunization coverage among 1-year-olds (%).  Diphtheria tetanus toxoid and pertussis (DTP3) immunization...
8 Pages (2000 words) Essay

Medical Microbiology

... Streptococcus cellulites Cellulites Micrococcus luteus Septic shock Gram positive bacilli (rods) Bacillus anthracis Cutaneous anthrax Gastrointestinal anthrax0 Bacillus cereus Abdominal cramps Clostridium Perringens Myonecrosis Gram negative cocci Neisseria maningitidis Meningitis Neisseria gonorrhoeae Gonorrhoea Bordetella pertussis Whooping cough Gram negative bacilli Haemophilus Influenza Influenza Salmonella typhi Typhoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa Mycobacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis Tuberculosis Mycobacterium leprae Leprosy Mode of action of antibiotics Aminoglycosides act by initially penetrating the cell walls of the target bacteria to reach the periplasmic space through the porin channels by the mechanism of diffusion...
8 Pages (2000 words) Research Paper

The Effect of Diphtheria Disease on Mice

... prepare in advance. REFERENCES Bellman, R (2012) Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids: National Centre of Biotechnology Information, Retrieved on 14th October 2014, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK236292/ Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (1991) Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis: Recommendations for Vaccine Use and Other Preventive Measures: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 40(10): 1-28 Creswell, J, (2009). Research design: Qualitative & quantitative approaches, 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks, California Dawson, C. (2002). Practical Research Methods, New Delhi, UBS Publishers’ Distributors Fujioka, M (2011) Generating Mouse Models of Degenerative Diseases Using Cre/lox-mediated in Vivo Mosaic Cell Ablation: Journal...
7 Pages (1750 words) Research Proposal
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Pertussis for FREE!

Contact Us