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D5S: Demography and Health: AUSTRALIA AND INDIA - Essay Example

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The demographic structures of the country have demonstrated consistence over the last decade. Majority of the population is between the…
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Download file to see previous pages Population projections for the year 2020 also demonstrate increase of the elderly. A key point of concern is that the population within the 0 to 25 years bracket, is constant between the years 2000 to 2020. The number of people of the ages 25 to 35 is also expected to increase by the year 2020. The improved healthcare and living standards in Australia is the main reason for the increasing aged population. The young population is relatively constant, and this can be attributed to family planning (NationMaster.com, 2012).
Unlike the demographic structure and changes in Australia, the case of India is very distinct. The population pyramid of India takes a smooth pyramid, with majority of the population being at the bottom. The population changes over the last 10 years and in the next 10 years are projected to be constant. Majority of the population are below 30 years, with the 0 to 4 years bracket recording the highest number of people. The population decreases constantly from 0 to 5 years to 80 years, whereby, very few people manage to reach 80 years. This is as contrasted to the population structure of Australia, where majority of the population are between 25 to 35 years, and a considerable percentage are below 25 years and above 50 years. The demographic changes of the two countries share great similarities in the sense that, the aging population is in a constant increase. As evident in the case of Australia at present and in the year 2020, the aging population is in a steady increase. This scenario is also demonstrated by India, whereby, the aging population is expected to double by the year 2020. The young population of below 10 years in India is also expected to reduce by a considerable percentage by 2020, which can be attributed to adoption of family planning. The improved health care and living standards has a great influence on the increasing aging population ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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