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Possible Relationship Between Crime, Race and SES CJ403 WK 7 - Research Paper Example

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Lincoln and Pager (November 2001) in their research have positively identified the perception of a neighborhood that black population is associated with crime and poor housing. Studies also linked criminality…
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Possible Relationship Between Crime, Race and SES CJ403 WK 7
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May 29, Can the relationship of crime, race and SES be used as a link to promote racial profiling for potential white collar offenders?

Stereotyped beliefs link crimes with race and socio economic status. Lincoln and Pager (November 2001) in their research have positively identified the perception of a neighborhood that black population is associated with crime and poor housing. Studies also linked criminality with poverty, and the image of a tough guy as a criminal. The Study of New Foundation (1999) entitled Color of Crime found out that there is “more black-on-white than black-on-black crimes, blacks are 250 times more likely to do criminal violence to whites than reverse. ” These findings however cannot be used as measures in profiling for potential white collar offenders because white collar crimes and crimes by race are different. Most common white-collar crimes are fraud, bankruptcy, bribery, insider trading, embezzlement, computer crime, medical crime, public corruption, identity theft, environmental crime, pension fund crime, fraud, occupational crime, securities fraud, financial crimes, RICO and forgery; while Crimes committed by race, according to the Bureau of Justice as categorized by circumstances are felony/murder/ sex, drug and gang related, argument and workplace; and uses guns, poisons and arsons as weapons. White collar crimes are high end, uses advanced technology, connections, and power.
One cannot easily identify a potential white collar offender because he is shown as someone to be in the middle age, respectable, with high social status, living in an affluent community (Sutherland defined in Strader, J.Kelly, 2001), and therefore profiling is difficult. As Sutherland defined ” white collar criminals are opportunists who learn to take advantage of their position over time to accumulate financial gain. If this reasoning is to be followed, then poverty, social economic status and race cannot be the sole reasons for crime. White collar offenders, according to Strader includes those who are professionals or semi professionals and those who possess special skills as they can easily make false claims. Crime could also be seen in people who came from a good family, living in a good surrounding and in any other ethnic backgrounds. Piquero et al. added another perspective that touches human behavior as a predictor of corporate offending, but due to immeasurability, this cannot be easily used as a predictor.
Profiling is therefore like making a landscape of criminals that joins various pieces of theories to make a picture of a potential white collar criminal. It is more difficult to make for a potential white collar offender than for the ordinary street crimes because it is not beset on the race, social standing or personality and not readily identifiable. So, the answer for the aforementioned question is no.
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References
Bureau of Justice Statistics. May 30, 2012. Homicide trends in the U.S. Retrieved 30 May 2012 from http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/homicide/race.cfm
Kelly, Strader.2002. Understanding White Collar crime. Lexis Nexis.
Piquero,Leeper Nicole, Schoepfer, Nicole, and Langton, Lynn. 26 August 2010. Completely Out of Control or the Desire to Be in Complete Control? How Low Self-Control and the Desire for Control Relate to Corporate Offending. Crime & Delinquency. Retrieved 30 May 2012 from http://cad.sagepub.com/content/early/2008/10/08/0011128708325052.abstract
Quilian, Lincoln and Pager, Devah. 2001.Black neighbors, higher crime? The role of Racial Stereotypes in Evaluations of Neighborhood Crimes. American Journal of Sociology. Volume 107 No. 3, November 2001. Pp. 717-67. Read More
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