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Human Resource Organizational Development in a Company - Research Paper Example

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Although the process differs from one company to another, it shares the constant evolution that requires common essential steps to…
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Human Resource Organizational Development in a Company
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Download file to see previous pages olo Machiavelli once said that “There is nothing more difficult to carry out, nor more doubtful of success, nor more dangerous to handle, than to initiate a new order of things” (Hitt, 1988, p. 20). This paper therefore is a discussion of the essential elements in implementing organizational change, the role of the human resource during change, and a brief on the factors that brings change.
Organizational development (OD) is about a long-term change that involves either the entire system or a sub-system of an organization towards more productivity. It necessitates dealing with culture and learning and of change agents internally and externally. The OD is a “change management strategy” known to be based on behavioral sciences that looks into the purposes and roles of the people and the organization for a better efficiency and productivity using “human and social processes” (Wamwangi, 2003, p.2). The OD practice develops “continuing capacity for learning and deepening understanding through practice” (Polotan-dela Cruz, 2008, p.4)
Since 1950s, three change models have been known and applied by OD professionals in accordance to the development goal of the institution. One of the famous is Kurt Lewin’s change management model which concentrates on three developmental stages: unfreeze, change, and freeze. The unfreezing stage happens during organizational diagnosis when data shows discrepancies of organizational behavior or output desired versus what is currently exhibited (Cummings and Worley, 1993, p.53). Change stage is the process of introducing and developing the desired behavior while the freezing stage is the establishment of mechanisms like policies and new organizational structures to sustain the attained changes on behavior and attitudes. The other famous change model is the planning model by Lippitt, Watson, and Westley which approach is on the viewpoint of the external OD agent. This model with seven stages that includes scouting, entry, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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