Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Crime Theories - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Strain theory can be defined as a theory that is associated with inequality between classes. The criminals committing crime under strain theory are usually socially deprived individuals or…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.2% of users find it useful
Crime Theories
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Crime Theories"

Crime Theories No: Roll No: Crime Theories The theory that I have selected and that can result in digital crime is Strain Theory. Strain theory can be defined as a theory that is associated with inequality between classes. The criminals committing crime under strain theory are usually socially deprived individuals or they lack chances to move forward economically and socially in different fields of life (Polk, 1969). It is not always the condition that only the socially and economically deprived people commit crimes for monetary success but others who are sound in terms of acquirement of wealth also commit crimes to gain further monetary accomplishment. They are involved in doing frauds, money laundering, cheating, stealing and trading private information and so on. According to the theory, people are pressurized to commit crime and moreover, an individual has his own requirements and expected opportunities that are formed on the basis of social structures and in case of unavailability of desired needs and opportunities, an individual is made to commit a crime (Siegel, 2011).
Like street crimes, white collar crime can also be considered under strain theory. The people who are socially sound can perceive some blockage in their set goals and requirements related to their financial success and consider this as straining due to which, they can be equally involved in committing crime. In addition, they can also regard the provided opportunities as inadequate due to which, they can be pressurized to commit crime (Taylor, et al., 2005).
The strain theory is the most relevant in terms of being a cause of digital crime as the criminals can be socially deprived as well as blessed and can regard the provision of opportunities as lacking. The digital crime involves people from such countries that are poor globally such as African countries as well as from wealthy countries such as USA. Mostly, the criminals of digital crime have ambition of getting richer by selling private and crucial information of one competitor to the other (Taylor, et al., 2005). People who are socially and economically stressed commit digital crime. People can be strained when they fail to accomplish their goals due to which, they are involved in digital crime. They are involved in hacking, selling personal information of their employers, leaking secrets, committing frauds, corporate espionage and so on (Siegel, 2011).
Tunnell (2005) gives information about the criminal Dannie Martin who has a poor background and lack of any opportunity to get success and economic stability in life and all he was required to do was meager jobs, which he rejected to do and became a property offender. Because of seeing his forefathers doing hard chores and getting no good returns, he was pressurized to make a choice that suited him and allowed him to gain money and success through criminal means (Tunnell, 2005).
Marcus Schrenker, quite a rich person and owner of many companies was involved in a fraud of millions of dollars. He faked his death in order to conceal him from police authorities. The motive behind his crime was becoming more wealthy or incomplete goals. He was wealthy enough but still thirsty for more and considered himself lacking something. He was involved in unethical practices (Siegel, 2011). He was strained to get more monetary success due to which, he was involved in fraud.
Polk, K. (1969). "Class, Strain and Rebellion Among Adolescents." Social Problems 17: 214-224.
Siegel, Larry G. (2011). Criminology. New York: Cengage Learning.
Taylor, Robert W., Caeti, Tory J., Loper, K., Fritsch, Eric J. & Liederbach, John R. (2005). Digital Crime and Digital Terrorism. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Tunnell, Kenneth D. (2005). Living Off Crime. New York: Rowman & Littlefield. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Crime Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Crime Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from
(Crime Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Crime Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words.
“Crime Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Theories of Juvenile Crime

...?Running Head: Theories of Juvenile Crime Theories of Juvenile Crime [Institute’s Theories of Juvenile Crime Juvenile crimes take place when individuals mainly under the age of eighteen commit a crime. Researchers have investigated for generations to clarify why juveniles engage in felonious acts. One of the theories, which best explains youth crimes is that of rational theorists. Rational behavior theorists argue that perpetrators are personally responsible for unlawful acts and so they must get a penalty accordingly. In 1968, Becker (Books, 2010) claimed that juveniles...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Theories of Crime

...? Theories of Crime Introduction The United s has the highest rate of sexual assault of any industrialized country in the world. The National Violence Against Women Survey (NVAWS) reported that approximately 17% woman have experienced rape at some point in her life (cited in Fisher 1). Estimates are higher when attempted rapes are also taken into account. These statistics of a woman being raped in the course of her lifetime are quite substantial. The chances of being raped are magnified if the woman lives in a large city or is of an ethnic minority (Nicole 1). In spite of the fact that rape is the most frequently committed violent crime in the United States, it is the least reported of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Biological Theories of Crime

...? Biological Theories Biological Theories Biological theories assert that there is a relationship between the physiology of an individual and criminality. The assumptions of these theories are that the physical attributes of an individual can lead to an individual committing a crime (Brewer, 2000). The theories are based on the premise that the physical attributes are passed from parents to the children making such children fall at the risk of committing crimes. Major theorists in this field studied the body organs of individuals relating the attributes of certain body organs to criminality. According to Johan Caspar, the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Crime and Deviance Theories

...? Crime and deviance theories al affiliation Crime and deviance theories 0. Introduction In the social order, there are various forms of disorders that disrupt the norms of the society. In most cases, the society is not devoid of deviant behaviours that are unanimously disapproved by the whole society. No matter how minute the case may be, the effects of these actions should not be overlooked. In relation to these cases, sociologists devised the field of criminology in an attempt to explain the actions behind certain activities in the society. It is also important to note that the society is full of deviant behaviours ranging from alcoholism to vandalism. With the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Theories of Crime

...?Running Head: THEORIES OF CRIME Theories of Crime Theories of Crime Introduction Homicide is defined as “a killing if one human being by another” (Merriam-Webster, 2012). According to the United States criminal legal definition, a homicide is when “a person commits criminal homicide if he intentionally, knowingly, recklessly or with criminal negligence causes the death of another person […] that are neither justifiable nor excusable are considered crimes” (U.S. Legal, 2012). However, not all homicides are criminal as homicides that involve “killing in self-defense”, unintentional or accidental homicides, and execution...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Psychological theories of crime

...?Psychological theories of crime Introduction Crime is a relative term referring to a variety of actions that cause harm to both individuals to the society. This implies that societies have different definitions of crime often categorizing the criminal activities by their extent and implications in the society. Legally, governments label specific actions as criminal activities thus crime deepening on the harm they cause to the society. Such acts as murder, theft and rape are considered crimes all over the world (Marshall, 1998). The acts cause harm to the society and derail the appraisal of the morality in the society. Most governments in...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Crime Theories of Durkheim and Robert King Merton

...Compare and contrast the functions of crime in the theories of Emile Durkheim and Robert King Merton Emile Durkheim and Robert Merton represent the early theories who develop crime theories and tried to explain causes and factors of criminal behavior. Durkheim focused on the impact of larger social developments on criminal behavior. He perceived the rapid evolution of criminality in the mid-nineteenth century in terms of the larger social changes accompanying the urbanization and industrialization of society (Gottfredson and Hirsch 1990). Merton developed a theory of anomie, the most widely acknowledged explanation of deviant...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Criminal Theories of Crime

...Running Head: Criminal Theories of Crime Criminal Theories of Crime s Criminal Theories of Crime PART ONE: Each theory has a particular understanding of what produces crime in society. Discuss what those causes are for Anomie, Control, conflict, and Differential Association theories. What are the similarities and differences between them? Which of the approaches do you find most appealing? What is it about that approach that strikes you as useful in explaining crime or delinquency? Crime is increasing in our society. We often ask ourselves "why?". There...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Theories of Crime

...Theories of Crime In the recent past, there has been an increase in the use of drugs among high school children in the Marijuana has become very popular compared to other drugs with more than 50% of youths over 12 years reporting to have used it at least once. The cause of this developing trend can be explained through the social disorganization theory. According to this theory, the youth engage in crime and drug abuse because of disintegration of the society (Milkman & Wanberg 2005). In today world where parents spend little time with their children because they have to take more than one job to cope with the ever increasing economic pressures (Vito & Maahs 2012). Traditionally, mothers were given the obligation of socializing... . In...
1 Pages(250 words)Term Paper

Crime Theories

...Crime Theories Crime Theories Introduction According to Holtfreter, Reisig, & Pratt (2008), there is an advancing field of evidence on what enables people to be exposed to issues of crime. On the other hand, a large number of intervention programs on criminal activities are founded on, at times or completely, one or two of theories suggested as the cause crime. Owing to this fact, still with putting focus on practical reactions, there is a need to understand the variety of theoretical accounts of crime and the scope they provide. This paper, intends to analyse self-control theory as a...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Crime Theories for FREE!

Contact Us