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Accounting (International Financial Reporting) - Research Paper Example

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IFRS are principle based accounting standard designed by The International Accounting Committee (IAC), established in 1973 in London to provide accounting standard for developing countries. “For example in U S we have U S GAAP. In 2001, the International Accounting Standard…
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Accounting (International Financial Reporting)
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A Brief History of IFRS IFRS are principle based accounting standard designed by The International Accounting Committee (IAC), established in 1973 in London to provide accounting standard for developing countries. “For example in U S we have U S GAAP. In 2001, the International Accounting Standard Foundation (IASF) was established along with International Accounting Standard Board (IASB), which superseded the IAC.” (Mirza,A., Holt,G.,& Orrel, M. 2010, para.1). “Composition of International Accounting Standard Board (IASB) 14 members, of whom one is appointed as Chair and upto two as Vice-Chairs. Up to three members may be part time members. After 2 July 2009, IASB members are appointed for an initial term of five years, renewable for further three years.” (IFRSs in your pocket, 2010)
The IASF is advising the IASB, which establishes international financial reporting standards (IFRS), including exposure drafts, the setting up standards, and interpretations.
Since inception, the IASB has issued eight standards from IFRS 1 to IFRS 8 and 14 interpretation of the standard IFRIC 1 to IFRIC 14. The standard setting committee consists of
International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) (IFRSs/IFRS for SMEs),
IFRS Interpretations Committee and
SME Implementation Group.
Since 2001, almost 120 countries have adopted IFRS standard and expectation that remaining countries will also come under IFRS umbrella in the near future.
“Process of Developing Accounting Standard:
1. Research team will bring proposal on the standard or the interpretation.
2. Extensive outreach activities will be done which include collecting opinion from the stakeholders
3. Collecting inputs from the stakeholders and creating Exposure Draft (ED)
4. Publication of final IFRS along with feedback statement
5. Jurisdictional adoption process
6. IASB two-year post implementation review”
(Who we are and what we do, 2010)
Underlying Assumptions of IFRS:
Accrual Basis: Financial reports are prepared on the accrual basis of accounting.
Going Concern Concept: Financial reports are prepared on the assumption that an
Business is a going concern and will continue in operation for the foreseeable future.
Pros and Cons about mandating the change to IFRS:
Pros
Business firm can present its financial statement in the same format as their counterparts in other countries. It makes comparisons easier. This is especially useful for the investors to make investment decisions.
IFRS is a principle based accounting standard, which ensures transparency in each transaction.
It saves money to the company, because in a globalised world, more and more companies are going global. Adoption of IFRS avoids preparation of two sets of accounts for the company.
Cons
Cost of changing from GAAP to IFRS is high, which include the shift of entire IT support and training of the professionals and students.
Not many U.S schools teach IFRS. So new curriculum needs to be prepared set which is a time consuming process.
Implementation of IFRS will be a threat to small and medium sized firms, which are operating with low profit margins.
Conclusion:
The basic difference between GAAP and IFRS is that GAAP is a rule based accounting system and on the other sense IFRS is principle based system. In rule based accounting like GAAP, one needs to follow the rules specified for each of the business transaction while recording the transaction in accounts. Sometimes, the accountant foresees the effects of the accounting transaction on the end result and tends to interpret the rules with the objective of presenting good numbers to the public. Many scandals including Enron depict the loopholes in the present GAAP system which lacks a transparent system.
In IFRS, a principle based accounting systems, which records the transaction in a transparent manner, which shows the true nature of each transaction. Also the consolidation of accounting concepts like IFRS makes the comparison of financial reports easier for the investor community. The transparency provided by IFRS help will them to make wise investment decisions.
Reference List
Mirza, A., Holt, G., & Orrel, M (2010). International Financial Reporting Standers (IFRS) Work Book. John wely and sons. Retrieved November 30, 2010, from [http://books.google.co.in/books?id=J2WcyefAHzkC&pg=PT32&dq=Brief+History+ of+IFRS&hl=en&ei=Gqr0TPW3IoK4cbzOqeME&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result &resnum=2&ved=0CDcQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=Brief%20History%20of%20IFR S&f=false]
IFRS s in your pocket, (2010). Open DNS guide. Retrieved November 30, 2010, from http://www.iasplus.com/dttpubs/pocket2010.pdf
Who we are and what we do, (2010).IFRS Foundation. Retrieved November 30, 2010, from
http://www.ifrs.org/NR/rdonlyres/F9EC8205-E883-4A53-9972-D95BD28E0B5/0/WhoWeAre21JULY2010.pdf Read More
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