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“The issue of identity is omnipresent in discourses on tourism - not only in academically informed discourses on tourism, but also in discourses from inside the tourism system, i.e. the local participants - as the contributions by Bras, Schlehe, Senft, and Venbrux exemplify.” (Dahles H, Meijl T, 1999)
Everyone has the right to rest on a daily, weekly and yearly basis, and the right to the leisure time that enables them to develop every aspect of their personality and their social integration. Clearly, everyone is entitled to exercise this right to personal development. The right to tourism is a concrete expression of this general right, and social tourism is underpinned by the desire to ensure that it is universally accessible in practice.
Studies of leisure and tourism can be located within the social sciences – we can understand tourism and leisure from psychological and sociological approaches. Psychology seeks to understand the individual – in tourism most studies surround the issue of motivation. Sociology seeks to understand societal influences on individual behaviour.
Two main strands of sociology - structuralism (consensus and conflict theories) and social action theory (interactionism, phenomenology). Rise of consumption society - leisure and tourism as forms of consumption.
An emic primacy given to lifestyle in participant accounts: Some would look at me as a bum; I would feel a bit sorry for them if they look at me like that. What’s really developed in my real lifestyle. (Max, English, 40, 17 years lifestyle travel [LT])
Travelling was so much introduced to me as a baby that it became much more of an option as a way of life. There’s no year in my life that hasn’t involved travel. This type of movement and constant change is very much a part of me and my lifestyle. (Tamara, Canadian/Indian, 34, 17 years LT)
“Young people’s increased leisure opportunities can actually keep them in their parents’ house because they spend
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650 Average cost of non lost time injury accidents (uninsured) = ?12 Average cost of damage accident (uninsured) = ? 85 Number of employees = 633 Employers’ liability insurance premium = ?45,000 Based on the data above; a) Total direct (insured) lost time accident costs = 45,000 – (650*36+ 630*12) => ?
Based on statistics circulated by the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), international tourist arrivals climbed up to 924 million in 2008. However, this declined by almost four percent or 880 million in 2009 and a six percent decrease in tourism receipts mainly because of the global recession and the H1N1 epidemic.
This essay gives particular emphasis on the understanding of the relationships between leisure and tourism as it can be influenced by their definition. The key approaches used for defining these concepts are presented and critically evaluated. These standardized definitions can help to understand the relationship of the above two concepts.
The tourism and holiday sector is one of the fastest growing service sectors in most parts of the world. Each of these individuals plays a big role in the manner in which tourism and holiday leisure products and services are designed so as to ensure that the customers are well satisfied.
To say more, to be called a tourist is also a kind of privilege for many people around the globe. Thus, tourism is a great and desired leisure time for people tired with their annual responsibilities at work or in family (Shaw & Williams, 2002). However, it should be noted that tourism bears hazardous effect on the environment and cultural authenticity due to a mass flow of people irrespective of the local traditions and rites to be taken care of.
Leisure, just as any other human endeavor is driven by motivations, which form the foundations of leisure activities. There are two forms of leisure which involve active or passive activities. Many sports require active
To say more, to be called a tourist is also a kind of privilege for many people around the globe. They are eager to bear such a status at least once a year. Thus, tourism is a great and desired leisure time for people sick and tired with their annual