Download file to see previous pages...
The haay is where a man or woman belongs to and not the ‘family.’ Thus, child-rearing, indoctrination to culture, and gender roles are the responsibility of the tribe. This is due partly to survival since most societies lived a nomadic lifestyle. Thus, it is crucial that families band together for mutual interests.
The role of men is crucial because they are seen as the provider and protector. Women on the other hand are deemed as liability or the weak link because the tribes’ honor hinges on the honor of its girls and women. And because there is a high-value placed on female honor, it is a necessity to employ force protection. This is done one, by infanticide. The tribe would burry one or several of its female infants alive. And second, provides protection against capture and forced concubinage. Ergo, women are not just burdens but are liabilities to the tribe as well.
Another way to which women are ensured of protection is through marriage. Marriage in pre-Islamic society has two types—Sadiqah and Ba’l. Sadiqah marriages are based on female kinship. As such, the man could either pay a Sadaq which is given to the bride during the time of marriage or a mahr which is a negotiated gift between the man and the bride’s tribe that would be given to her parents or closest relative. Once the bride price is settled, the woman has to consent on the marriage before it could take effect. There are two types of Sadiqah marriages: the mut’an or temporary marriage which is undertaken solely for the purpose of desire or pleasure and bina which is a permanent union. In bina, the bride remains under the protection of her tribe and the husband would only come for conjugal visits but is free from the liability of taking care of his wife and children. As such children of Sadiqah unions are the responsibility of the mother’s tribe.
The ba’l marriage on the other hand is based on
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Almost the entire world is comprised of Judaism, Islam and Christianity. While I knew the link between Christianity and Judaism, I never realized Christianity and Islam could be compared at all. These three religions claim monotheism, which is the belief in the one and same God.
When he was 40 years Mohammed was given the Quran by an angel. It is the Quran that shapes the Islam religion. It grew stronger during their journey to Medina. It was during the journey when they were forced to peace by the Quran. Up to date Muslims still adhere to the Quran and see Mohamed as a deity in their religion1.
It is implied that all believers are equal in the eyes of God and nothing but good deeds are potential of elevating one person above another (Quran 4:124, cited in Al-Adl, 2007). The message of equality also stresses the Muslims to think of Non-Muslims as their equals and not unnecessarily participate in activities potential of messing things up as God despises those who wreak havoc on the Earth for their personal satisfaction.
The importance that Sufism gives to the master figure is also accused of negative results. The shaykh, viewed as most infallible among his admirers and disciples, has the ability to gain dangerous political influence and authority, especially for those in the rural areas who are illiterate who are very reliant on the saint.
Case Study Analysis based on James Fowler’s Stages of Faith Faith has been mostly intertwined with religious ideas and belief systems for many people, making it sound synonymous even. However, faith has been defined differently by James Fowler when he created the Stages of Faith, wherein instead of faith being solely the product of a religion or a belief, it is simply defined as the major reason why people behave the way they do, be it due to aspirations, traditions, speculations, religion, or a mixture of all of these (“Faith Development” 416).
Islam uses Quran whose text is considered sacred as it contains lessons of Allah as revealed through the Prophet. Islam is divided into Sunni and Shi’a, both of which differ in the way of sustaining Islam authority but share the common belief that Allah is the only God.
On the other hand, the negatives include the fact that some Muslims are extremists and hence they tend to have their say within the religious and cultural issues, even at the workplace domains (Reid 1996).
Some employees feel threatened by the presence of
The affluent faith has been around for quite some time that it has become one of the most established religious sectors that exist. The said faith still thrives strongly in present times, despite its humble beginnings. It is in this context that