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"1. Discuss why human rights emerged as an important issue in international relations Explain the impact of major cases in international politics"
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Essentially, this tome defined human dignity, as against honor, which according to Berger, Berger and Kellner, always relates to the intrinsic humanity divested of all socially imposed roles or norms and that it pertains to the self as such, to the individual regardless of his position in society (Berger, Berger and Kellner 1974, 89-90). To demonstrate how the Declaration impacted international relations, there is the fact that it is often cited in UN resolutions of the General Assembly as well as the other agencies of the world body. More importantly, the Declaration has also been often used as the foundation of the constitution, laws and judicial decisions of numerous states, making the declaration some form of a standard measuring the progress of states and peoples toward realizing the full respect for human freedom.
Further on, there is also the power of technology and the integrating nature of communication and globalization that made it impossible for atrocities committed against individuals to be hidden from international scrutiny. An excellent example was when in 1983, peasants from Uchuraccay, Peru killed visiting journalists mistaking them as members of Sendero Lumino (SL), the most notorious terrorist group in Latin America. Because of this, Peru came to the attention of world and human rights became part of the Peruvians’ ordinary language (Cleary 91). Non-governmental organizations have also been formed, with hundreds of thousands of volunteers, experts and civil servants pledging to pursue and protect international human rights.
The negative dimension to the human rights discourse in the context of international relations is demonstrated in the US-Latin American relations. A specific reference to the American policy towards human rights was contained in the inaugural address of US President Carter wherein he declared: “Because we are free, we can never be
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According to the research findings it can therefore be said that though international human rights law contains many rights for the benefit of mankind but it also has its share of weaknesses and fails to be considered a foolproof law which could be exercised for the optimum benefit of the mankind without any difficulties.
International relations and politics seek to explore the most urgent issues of the world. Major social and religious beliefs like Catholicism, Islam, liberalism and Marxism ideologies became the end results of social groups and thinking. An ideology needs to provide some explanation of how things have come to be as they are, some indication of where they are heading.
Thesis: Lenin explained in his theory the “Scramble for Africa’ as an indispensable process of the capital imperialism development. According to The Dictionary of Human Geography, “imperialism is the creation and maintenance of an unequal economic, cultural and territorial relationship, usually between states and often in the form of an empire, based on domination and subordination” (Greene, 1970 ).
However, the mass atrocities committed during World War II provided impetus for the recognition of the necessity of promoting and preserving human freedom and rights, which recognition is embodied in international documents such as the Atlantic Charter (1941) and the Teheran Declaration (1942).
Although I only address these three school s of thoughts, one should take note that I do not argue that these three schools of thoughts are the most crucial school of thoughts in the field of IR. It is, however, beyond this paper to address each school of thoughts.
Relatively, the establishment and development of universal human rights standards in international human rights instruments over the past 50 years have heightened awareness around the world about issues concerning human rights. The fact that our rights are enshrined in numerous instruments, many of which are legally binding, is testament to the weight with which they are accorded and the high esteem in which they are held by the international community.
The basis of human rights rests on equal dignity and rights given to all members of the human family and paves the way to peace and justice among the humankind. The implementation of human rights as an international good is in
Universal human rights usually are voiced and guaranteed by law, in the forms of, customary international law, general principles, treaties, among other basis of international law. The international human rights law regulates how
The author states that in the light of the recent developments, it was established that there needed to be strong regulations and major policy changes when it came to dealing with human rights. One thing that was very evident to the period before and during the world war is that human rights were not put into considerations.