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2). There are several models and theories about the cause of substance abuse and dependence used to provide an explanation of addiction. These models have strong implications on the interventions that practitioners implement.
An explanation that addiction/alcoholism is a consequence of an individual’s personal choice is adhered to by proponents of the moral model. The view that indulgence in alcohol and substance abuse is a personal choice makes it justifiable for an individual to be punished. Another perspective views addiction/alcoholism is related to the parent’s excessive neglect during childhood. This type of explanation is characteristic of the socio-cultural and psychological models of addiction. Several studies reveal that people who become addicts have underlying psychological disorders and these interact with certain socio-cultural factors to cause further exacerbation of substance abuse. . In the well-being paradigm, “substance abuse is viewed as reflecting an underlying, intra-psychological deficiency” (Maton et al., 1992, p. 81). These psychological problems cause emotional pain and relief from pain is readily offered by alcohol and drug use.
On the other hand, the disease concept of substance abuse postulates that addiction is a primary disease and not secondary or corollary to another condition. “Perhaps the greatest advantage to the articulation that addiction is a disease has been to remove the moral stigma attached to chemical dependency and to replace it with an emphasis on treatment of an illness” (Fisher et al, 1997, p. 45). However, a major criticism of this model is the notion that it relieves the substance abuser from taking responsibility of his/her behavior. It paints a picture of the alcoholic or addict as powerless and a passive victim in the drinking/ drug use behavior. To their defense, proponents of the
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(“Social work theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words”, n.d.)
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(Social Work Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words)
“Social Work Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1569991-social-work-theory.
Cognitive therapy IV. Anti discriminatory practice/ anti oppressive practice A. Analysis of class, gender, and social disadvantage of the client is inherent to praxis intervention. V. Managing risk A. Contact with Mr. Lucian as well as Mrs. Lucian B. Contact with governmental domestic violence and child protective services VI.
It analyses distributed network of human relationships with reference to its environment or the system within which it operates. Thus, sociology encompasses multitude of perspectives and antecedents of human society which constantly interact and produce dynamic changes within societies (Henslin, 2006: 8).
There are two options that she has identified currently: 1) Joanna has a sister that does not live very far from them and she and her husband have two boys that are Jacob's age, and 2) Jacob would like to stay with his best friend, James. This second family is Nigerian, they are wealthy and they have plenty of room in their home.
Anti-oppressive practice assumes that all examples of oppression arise in hierarchical relationships. While research suggests that most do, some discrimination and harassment comes from peers and from those without other forms of power. (Glossary of Social Care Terms, 2006)
Consequently, cultural narratives are not individual and cultural narratives about life stories differ in the individuals of different cultures. Even emotionally charged narratives belonging to specific communities put cultural specific scripts of individuals.
The author explains that social work is a discipline that involves the application of social theory and some research methods. The purpose of which is to improve the overall quality of living of society at large. Social work incorporates and uses other social sciences in order to improve the human conditions.
The proper communication is also essential for the relationship with the other person. One should pay attention to the non-verbal communication as a significant part of the social work and its importance
It explains a comprehensive model for the developmental process of emotions and attachment with the fellow beings from cradle to grave. The following paper discuss the internal working model in detail and analyses it