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In fact, there are many unique and new developments in tourism. This paper will examine three types of tourism developments that have changed in recent years. The first item we will examine is the rise of ‘green’ or eco-tourism. Next, we will examine World Heritage Site tourism, which is a branch of more traditional style historic destination travel. Finally, we will look at ‘pro-poor’ tourism, or travel set up to benefit local impoverished economies. In addition to examining these three types of tourism, we will see the advantages of each and the overall benefits of each as compared to more traditional tourism.
The first area of change in regards development approaches to tourism is with green or eco-tourism. Uddhammar (2006, p. 659) defines eco-tourism as tourism that: (1) contributes actively to the conservation of natural and cultural heritage; (2) includes the local communities in it’s planning, development, operation, and well-being; (3) interprets the natural heritage of the destination to visitors; and (4) lends itself best to independent travelers or small size organized groups. (Uddhammar,2006, p.659).
Eco-tourism would encompass more than random nature tourism. Mergg (2007, p. 3) gives key elements that would distinguish eco-tourism, such as minimizing the impact of various infrastructures. This includes limiting hotels and other buildings by using local materials that are safe, recyclable, and sensitive in design to the ecosystem. Also, Mergg emphasizes how education is a substantial part of the eco experience. Before the trip, the tourists should have read educational materials on the area and be trained on how to minimize their impact to the environment. A code of conduct should be in place along with well trained guides to make sure the vacation goes as intended. Finally, before the trip occurs, partial revenue streams involved such as plane fare would help benefit the area.
Mergg goes on to
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3 a)Explain briefly rational for planning tourism development. 3 b)Discuss how stakeholders can benefit from planning of tourism development 3 c)Discuss advantages and disadvantages of public and private sector planning partnerships. 4 Understand the different approaches to tourism planning and development 6 a)Understand the features of tourism development planning at different levels.
According to the paper tourism development seeks to improve operations within the tourism industry which translates into multiple benefits for the host community in terms of improving labour force skills development, job creation and regional economic wealth. Depending on the host country characteristics that appeal to diverse travellers, development seeks to respect the socio-cultural identity of host communities.
The major aim of this project or programme is to maximize the benefits and significance of tourism development and growth in the local Silk Road Communities. The objective of is to create a memorable and seamless Silk Road travel experience. One of the aims is to analyse the type of development: how the developmental program affected the grass root level.
As the industries grow there will be visible impact on the economy. Job opportunities grow and innumerable colonies are developed. The growth is multifold and the technology exchange migration takes place.
People of different nations migrate to cities. Different nations of people live in one city, like in United Kingdom representing unity in diversity with so many cultures and traditional values.
The European Tourism Forum in 2008 was organized by European Commission in collaboration with the French Presidency. It was held in Bordeaux (Amphitheatre du Casino Bordeaux) on 18-19 September, 2008. The main theme discussed was – “The European Tourism Offer: Quality and Sustainability vis-à-vis Demand Trends”.
The most influential political factor which is shaping the international tourism industry is the more significant role played by the World Tourism Organization (WTO) in influencing its member countries. One of the most notable projects of WTO is The Silk Road Project which revitalizes the ancient highways used by Marco Polo through tourism.
Various organizations and strategies have been set up to regularize international tourism not only to get the maximum economic output but also to enhance world trade through it.
With a fresh emphasis being laid on outward-oriented growth, increasing attention is now being paid on international tourism as a potential growth sector for many countries.
Tosun discusses the origins of the term "sustainable tourism development," (STD) presenting at first the definition given by the United Nations' World Commission on the Environment and Development (WCED) and then adding an elaboration of his own. He explains that according to STD tourism becomes couched in sustainable development, which is the ability to positively manage the assets inherent in the natural environment for the purpose of increasing the wealth and well being of the inhabitants of a certain region.
But, much of this development has come at the expense of a very big mistake- the mistake of neglecting the effect of such development on the ecology. Human activities that have always been directed towards mass tourism