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"Why despite the inclusion of (severe/capital punishment) as a punishing measure in a society crime rates continue to grow A criminological analysis of rape"
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Every seventh woman is raped by her husband, and every fourth female college student is raped or threatened to be raped (Cease 2010). The statistics is threatening, given the growing number of laws against rape, including capital punishment measures. For this reason, there is an urgent need to understand what gaps in the current law make it difficult to reduce the number and the scope of rapes in the society. It is necessary to identify and understand a causal link between the law and the extent of sexual crime. In simplest terms, the proposed research will identify possible gaps in law that make it possible for individuals to commit sexual crimes without the fear of being punished for them. The researcher expects that the research will become (a) the first step in the subsequent observation of the rape law in America and the world; and (b) will provide recommendations to help the society improve the state of rape law and, as a result, to reduce the scope of rapes and sexual assaults against women.
The research question is “Why despite the inclusion of severe capital punishment as a punishing measure in a society crime rates continue to grow? In connection with the research question, the following issues become the object of the research analysis:
The statistics of rape and sexual assault is the major justification for the proposed research. More importantly, the current state of literature does not provide a single relevant answer as for why laws do not work to improve the crime situation in the context of rape and sexual assaults. The main purpose of the proposed study is to create a precedent, which combines criminology and legal studies and provides a comprehensive overview of the possible reasons of the growing sex crime.
It would be fair to say that the current state of literature does not provide a single relevant answer as for why the inclusion of severe punishment and capital
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Some raise questions over ethical acceptability of the issue as well. The societies have in the past punished the criminals by sentencing them to death but now with the modernization of the world, there are many nations which have abolished the death penalty.
A punishment which was put into effect in 1500 in England was opposed by many academics in 1750 which included Cesare Beccaria who was the Italian jurist; Voltaire who was the French philosopher; and, Jeremy Bentham and Samuel Romilly who were the English law reformers.
This paper concerns capital punishment which is known as the legitimate way of taking life by the state for capital crimes.The author provides examples of capital punishment such as an electric chair, hanging and lethal injections -- some of the methods that are currently being used by countries practicing capital punishments.
As a result, society developed systems of punishing those who commit serious crimes such as killing, stealing felony among others. One such way of punishing offenders was death penalty. Ideally, the authorities came up with procedures to be used in determining the crimes that warrant death penalty, the steps to be followed while executing individuals among others.
The Supreme Court's decision in Furman v. Georgia declared all existing capital statutes to be in violation of the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments. But this was again reversed in Gregg v. Georgia. The death penalty remains arbitrary and capricious. ACLU states that the U.S.'s capital punishment process is fraught with error.
The author states that this civilized society reconciles the use of the death penalty at its own psychological peril. Capital punishment is ethically and morally objectionable in today’s society. Every life should be valued and that imprisoning a person for life without the possibility for parole is adequate punishment.
Supporters of capital punishment are of the view that in the absence of capital punishment, people may engage in more criminal activities. In their opinion, crime rates cannot be controlled without strong
The practice is not uniform across the states in the US. Some of the states do not allow capital punishment while others have the law permitting capital punishment. However, execution procedures may differ. As of May 2013, the District of Columbia and 18 other States have abolished the capital punishment for any kind of crime whatsoever.
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