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While affirmative action was initially designed to provide opportunity, the laws that are currently implemented are unfair and move against the initial intent of the action. The changes in culture and society, as well as the alterations in educational institutions and in requirements for education have led affirmative action into becoming illegitimate. Instead of presenting new opportunities to minorities, it creates disadvantages to providing equal opportunity within educational systems.
When affirmative action began, it was based on opening doors for those that didn’t have opportunity within educational systems or with jobs because of their race, ethnicity or gender. However, in the current educational system, as well as in the work force, the idea of affirmative action has begun to change the way that many look at individuals who are applying for the same job. By the laws, it is required that every corporation and school have a percentage of minorities or ethnicities to show that there is equal opportunity within the work place. This basic requirement has led many to look beyond the main employment needs and instead to offer equal opportunity by providing a balance in diversity. Some researchers (Merritt, Reskin, 1997), have found that work environments and educational institutions will often overlook the credentials and the experience of professionals that are hired. Instead, they will look at hiring those that will present a sense of diversity within the work force. Personal characteristics, such as marital status and age, as well as race and gender, became some of the main priorities to those that were hiring. Supplementing this with experience then creates a different level of accountability to the educational institution or work force area (Merritt, Reskin, 1997).
The demands for work areas and educational institutions to show diversity so they can continue to stand against affirmative action laws is only one of the unfair aspects that
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Since its inception, affirmative action has succeeded in balancing the scale of opportunities available to men and women of all ethnicities. A quota system generally reflects the area’s ethnic demographics thereby allowing for real equality opportunity that is not discriminatory towards any particular race.
Affirmative Action The principle of affirmative action Affirmative action (hereforth referred to as “AA”) is defined as “a set of practices undertaken by employers, university admission offices, and government agencies to go beyond nondiscrimination, with the goal of actively improving the economic status of minorities and women with regard to employment, education and business ownership and growth” (Holzer & Neumark, 469).
This paper, however, deters from this point of view. Does discrimination still exist? We proclaim our world to be moving towards egalitarianism and see affirmative action as a hurdle to providing equal opportunities to all. However, every time a woman is harassed at her workplace by her male superiors, every time an Asian is beaten up because he wears a turban and looks much like the terrorist on the telly, every time a black person is assumed to be a gun-toting menace to society, discrimination happens.
Affirmative Action. Affirmative action is still needed in 2012. There are discrepancies between the white males versus women and nonwhite males in terms of equal rights to education and higher paying jobs. The research delves into the hiring of minorities and accepting minorities in school programs.
In other words, it is a positive and determined effort to equalize all the opportunities in life, such as in education, employment, housing, health care, and others. A key element of affirmative action was to end the apparent discrimination committed by the government, its agencies, and its contractors in employment opportunities for racial minorities and its noble aim was to encourage or force people to take the appropriate steps to end any of their discriminatory practices in employment contracts; this idea was laudable indeed.
It also applies to the awarding of other social benefits for these groups. The problem is that some people consider it to be reverse discrimination (Bardach, 2005; Holzer and Neumark, 2000 and Holzer and Neumark, 2006).The Civil Rights Act of 1964 started the whole push towards affirmative action.
increase the representation of women and minorities in areas of employment, education, and business from which they have been historically excluded” (Fullinwinder, 2005). In part, the reason for this is multi-faceted. First, it informs caucasians that racism still exists,
Some in the current majority ethnic group believe they are now being discriminated against because of affirmative action, that they have lost economic and social ground. However, thanks to the utilization of
The main part of the act changes the way in which private and public enterprises provide employment services, in a way that ensures fair distribution despite disability. For example, the act provides that all businesses
ded as one of the most conversional policies, affirmative action is a civil rights policy originally designed and expected to address the severe racial disparities that have continuously plagued our nation’s past. Moore (75) points out that affirmative action concept was
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